deep-bed Articles

  • Delivering the Promise of Continued Customer Success

    Since TOMRA was founded in 1972, we have continuously redefined what it means to be innovative in the sectors in which we operate. Through our ongoing commitment to providing the world’s most advanced sensor-based sorting systems, we deliver TOMRA’s brand promise of “trusted technology and partnership for better business and environment.” ...


    By TOMRA Sorting GmbH.

  • Long-term impacts of deep-sea mineral mining

    A new international study has demonstrated that deep-sea nodule mining will cause long-lasting damage to deep-sea life. This study, led by scientists at the National Oceanography Centre (NOC), was the first to review all the available information on the impacts of small-scale sea-floor disturbances simulating mining activity. It found clear impacts on marine ecosystems from deep-sea nodule mining ...

  • Case study - Discharge measurement deep within a cave

    Research is currently being conducted in the Hessenhau cave, located in southern Germany. The cave is the deepest known within the Swabian Alps at 144m (472 ft) and has a stream running through it that connects it to other caves within the area. Discharge measurements were taken in different parts of the cave with the OTT MF pro electromagnetic current meter. Reaching the bottom of the cave ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Modular Reed Bed - Case Study

    The modular reed bed is an award winning, innovative solution for small footprint tertiary treatment. This case study follows the implementation of this technology on a small and remote sewage works which was overloaded during high rainfall. This project saved 91% in costs for the effected utility (which had a budget of £300k for the project) and provided a reduced health and safety risk ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Filter bed remediation - Case Study

    Biological filter beds usually consist of a mineral media over which effluent to be treated percolates. The media becomes host to a biomass which is grazed by a series of more complex organisms. If the growth of the biomass is greater than the rate at which the grazing occurs then the biomass film will accumulate in the bed. This will block the interstices of the media and restrict effluent ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Researchers date ancient water deep beneath earth’s surface

    When a pocket of ancient water was discovered deep beneath the Earth in 2013, a team of Canadian researchers estimated it to be roughly 1.5 billion years old. At the same site, they discovered a deeper pocket of water estimated to be at least 2 billion years old, making it the oldest water on the planet. Barbara Sherwood Lollar, a University of Toronto professor who led the team that discovered ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Tech Spotlight: DT340 Pipe Crawler Freewheel (AFW) by Deep Trekker

    A deeper look into pipe crawler freewheel and the best ways to retrieve CCTV pipe inspection crawlers from municipal pipes. ...


    By Deep Trekker Inc.

  • Surveying for 600-Meter-Deep Groundwater in Kenya - Case Study

    The importance of groundwater can’t be overstated. It’s crucial for life across the globe, and, in the developing world, access to groundwater is at a premium. However, with resistivity imaging groundwater exploration techniques, even when you’re in one of the driest locations on Earth, deep groundwater is possible to locate. ...


    By Advanced Geosciences, Inc.

  • Keynote presenter previews NGWA Conference on Hydrogeophysics and Deep Groundwater

    Andrea Croskrey, PG, of the Texas Water Development Board will give the keynote presentation at the NGWA Conference on Hydrogeophysics and Deep Groundwater, March 20-21 in Denver, Colorado. Focusing on the use of geophysics—from remote sensing to borehole applications—for groundwater studies, the conference also ...

  • Remediation of a failing filter bed Works - Case Study

    Greener Waste Technology is a Process Engineering and Environmental Consultancy specialising in the Municipal sector. Following several years of extensive research Greener Waste Technology has advanced the unique bacteria dosing technology which has been successfully introduced to a number of water companies. The BioCube is being successfully used in wastewater treatment to optimise processes ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • Fixed vs. Moving Bed Systems: Basin Geometry

    Aeration basins can have length to width (L:W) ratios varying from 1:1 (square) to over 30:1 (plug flow). The L:W ratio of an aeration basin directly impacts both the physical installation and biological performance of a submerged fixed-film system. Physical Installation Moving bed biomass carriers are free to move about the aeration basin. The aeration system provides energy to ...


    By Brentwood Industries, Inc.

  • A combined reed bed/freezing bed technology for septage treatment and reuse in cold climate regions

    A combined reed bed-freezing bed (RB-FB) technology was effective at treating septage under Canadian climatic conditions over a 5-year period with average loading rates of 82–104 kg TS/m2/y. Varying hydraulic and solid loading rates as well as the increasing sludge cake with time had little to no effect on treatment efficiency, with almost complete removal of organic matter, solids, heavy ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sewage sludge and waterworks sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed systems

    In this study, results about sludge stabilization in sludge treatment reed bed (STRB) systems in two different systems, Hanningfield STRB 1 (England), treating waterworks sludge, and Stenlille STRB 2 (Denmark), treating surplus activated sludge, are presented. The study mainly focused on the effectiveness of the STRBs systems in stabilizing sludge organic matter; in fact, parameters correlated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Info-Gap robustness pathway method for transitioning of urban drainage systems under deep uncertainties

    In the urban water cycle, there are different ways of handling stormwater runoff. Traditional systems mainly rely on underground piped, sometimes named ‘gray’ infrastructure. New and so-called ‘green/blue’ ambitions aim for treating and conveying the runoff at the surface. Such concepts are mainly based on ground infiltration and temporal storage. In this work a methodology to create and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost saving reed bed refurbishment innovation - Case Study

    Greener Waste Technology has designed a reed bed remediation programme that avoids the need to remove media or replace reeds. The process is a hybrid scheme incorporating the modular sludge settlement chambers utilised in the Modular Reed Bed system and the existing asset which is already in place. This type of remediation saves on project timescales and reduces risk as well as cost. The ...


    By Greener Waste Technology

  • A prototype of novel agro-waste based column bed device for removal of textile dye Optilan Red

    The aim of the study was to assess the potentiality of an agro-waste (sugarcane bagasse) for removal of the textile dye (Optilan Red) using novel column based filtration unit with a packed column of chemically treated sugarcane bagasse. The treated and untreated sugarcane bagasse (biosorbent) were characterized by Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy. Effect of initial dye ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sludge-bed anaerobic membrane bioreactor treating prehydrolysis liquor (PHL): correlation of cATP™ with performance parameters

    Cellular adenosine triphosphate (cATP™) may be used to characterize the biological degradation activity within the anaerobic and aerobic wastewater treatment systems. The feasibility of using cATP™ as a process monitoring parameter for an anaerobic membrane bioreactor was evaluated. Results obtained from batch respirometric anaerobic treatability studies and a continuous sludge-bed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Adsorption of arsenic from drinking water using natural orange waste: kinetics and fluidized bed column studies

    The biosorption potential of orange waste (OW) was investigated using synthetic solutions of arsenic and contaminated drinking water under different parameters, e.g. biosorbent dose, initial concentrations of solution, contact time, and pH in a batch system. The optimum conditions were identified as a contact time of 30 minutes, pH 6, biosorbent dose of 1 g L−1, and initial arsenic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Sediment transport modeling in deposited bed sewers: unified form of May's equations using the particle swarm optimization algorithm

    May proposed two dimensionless parameters of transport (η) and mobility (Fs) for self-cleansing design of sewers with deposited bed condition. The relationships between those two parameters were introduced in conditional form for specific ranges of Fs, which makes it difficult to use as a practical tool for sewer design. In this study, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Large scale application of French reed beds: municipal wastewater treatment for a 20,000 inhabitant's town in Moldova

    A two-stage vertical flow treatment wetlands system (French reed beds) was realized in 2012–2013 for the Orhei's town in Moldova. The treatment system occupies a total area of about 5 ha and operates in cold climate conditions during winter, with air temperatures below −20 °C. The first 2 years (2013–2015) of treatment performances for this system are presented here, with a particular ...


    By IWA Publishing

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