deep ocean research Articles

  • Oceans of Energy

    Technologies that harness the energy of moving water or temperature differentials in the oceans promise to deliver abundant carbon-free electricity. Long before humans got hooked on fossil fuels, we learned how to harness the power of water to do work. Rivers ran mills that ground flour, sawed logs or spun looms that transformed fibers into textiles. Later generations realized that moving water ...


    By Ensia

  • Ocean carbon: A dent in the iron hypothesis

    Oceanographers Jim Bishop and Todd Wood of the U.S. Department of Energy’s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory have measured the fate of carbon particles originating in plankton blooms in the Southern Ocean, using data that deep-diving Carbon Explorer floats collected around the clock for well over a year. Their study reveals that most of the carbon from lush plankton blooms never reaches the ...

  • Deep sea mining: exploration is inevitable

    Despite concern over adverse impacts, deep marine mineral exploration is set to become a global industry, says geologist Chris Yeats. Global demand for metals continues to grow, fuelled largely by increasing populations and the industrialisation and urbanisation of China and India. To meet this demand, the international ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Deep sea mining — a dangerous experiment

    Pacific governments should not approve deep-sea mining until more is known about its likely impact, says conservation biologist Mellie Samson Jr. Deep sea mining (DSM) is the new frontier in extractive mining. For the companies involved, as well as the governments that own the mining rights, it offers substantial profits. However DSM is still experimental in nature, with ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Is pH a red herring when it comes to ocean acidification?

    New research points to saturation state, not pH, as the most pressing metric to track when it comes to shellfish survival. In 2007, the owners of Whiskey Creek oyster hatchery on the Oregon coast lost almost all of their larvae — and had no idea why. The only clue was that the larval die-offs often occurred during intense upwelling events, when ...


    By Ensia

  • What will it take to get plastics out of the ocean?

    From drones to filters to artificial islands, innovators are working to reduce the threat thousands of tons of trash pose to marine ecosystems. A few palm trees stand strong in the salty breeze. Located on the southern tip of the Pacific island chain of Hawaii, Kamilo Beach is an isolated stretch of black volcanic shoreline in the middle of nowhere. Just a few hundred yards ...


    By Ensia

  • Time to stop losing ocean data to vandalism

    More must be done to prevent damage of ocean data buoys that costs money, vital data — and lives, say Sidney Thurston and M. Ravichandran. The global community relies on a rapidly expanding ocean observing network to understand the climate and ecosystems, to help warn against ocean-borne hazards such as tsunamis and storm surges caused by cyclones, and to support sea rescue ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • NASA Science Zeros in on Ocean Rise: How Much? How Soon?

    Seas around the world have risen an average of nearly 3 inches since 1992, with some locations rising more than 9 inches due to natural variation, according to the latest satellite measurements from NASA and its partners. An intensive research effort now underway, aided by NASA observations and analysis, points to an unavoidable rise of several feet in the future. Members of NASA's new ...

  • Ocean Thermal Energy conversion and the company bringing it to market: peace for our children

    Two centuries ago, U.S. President John Adams advised us of the importance of observing our world with clear eyes, “Facts are stubborn things; and whatever may be our wishes and passions, they cannot alter the state of facts and evidence.” Though there are some facts we all would rather not face, one of those unpleasant truths is that there are places in the world where the need for ...

  • The number one thing we can do to protect Earth’s oceans

    Marine governance favors consumption and commerce over conservation. Here's what we can do about it. When New England fishers complained of working harder and harder to catch fewer and fewer fish, Spencer Baird assembled a scientific team to investigate. Though a fishery failure would once have seemed inconceivable, Baird wrote in his report, “an alarming decrease of the ...


    By Ensia

  • Ocean Thermal Energy conversion and the company bringing it to market: clean water for our children

    Water is the most life sustaining resource on earth. Essential to all aspects of our human lives, it serves as the key ingredient in food and drink, helps us fabricate clothes, landscapes our favourite places, drives economic growth and feeds agricultural development. Our bodies themselves are 70% water. This liquid of life keeps us hydrated, catalyses crucial chemical reactions within our cells ...

  • Researchers explain how dye-based nanotubes can help harvest light’s energy

    Tiny cylinders help reveal how natural-light-harvesting antennae collect light with exceptional efficiency. Written by David L. Chandler, MIT News Office.You can read the original new in MIT NewsCompanies that make commercial solar cells are happy if they can achieve 20 ...

  • Undersea storage for US carbon emissions

    Researchers are working hard on methods to mitigate, reduce or compensate for CO2 emissions. One of these, geological carbon sequestration, involves injecting CO2 into deep saline aquifers, or depleted oil and gas reservoirs so that it is not released into the atmosphere where it contributes to global warming. Now US researchers have found a potential new location for undersea CO2 storage, which ...

  • New monitoring technology helps reveal Arctic secrets

    A group of Arctic researchers has employed the latest monitoring technology to investigate the effects of climate change, by measuring temperature and salinity in the water column beneath surface ice. The results of the investigation, which utilised YSI’s new 'Castaway-CTD', could cast new light on our understanding of the ways in which shifting ocean currents impact upon the climate in ...

  • Case study - SEAWATCH Greece - POSEIDON

    Fugro was selected in 1995 by the Puertos del Estado (Coast and Harbour Authorities) in Spain to execute the contract for the project: "Warning and Observation Network for the Marine Environment in Spanish Coastal Waters (instrumentation and control)". Fugro OCEANOR started implementation of the first generation operational oceanographic forecasting system for Greece in 1998. The system named ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Climate change and the US energy sector

    As President Obama emphasized in his speech at Georgetown University in June 2013, climate change is happening. It is here, it is now, and as Obama warned, “Our planet is changing in ways that will have profound impacts on all of humankind.” But what are these effects? The President reels off examples: sea levels in New York harbour increasing by a foot in depth over the past century, ...

  • Enhancement of Terrestrial Carbon Sink Potential: A Possible Contribution to Mitigating Global Warming

    Introduction Climate researcher Klaus Hasselmann, Director of the Max-Planck-Institut (MPI) for Meteorology in Hamburg and a project co-ordinator of EC’s Environment and Climate Programme, was one of the first scientists to warn that recently observed global warming trends have a discernible human related forcing component. Climate model calculations show, that global warming is closely related ...


  • Why it`s time to get serious about wave power

    For most of us power from the sea means watching waves crashing on a beach or smashing up against a breakwater. But if you want to experience wave power at its most energetic then you need to be offshore. In fact you need to be over one hundred kilometres offshore. In February 2000, a British oceanographic research vessel sailing in the Rockall Trough, some 180Km from land, encountered the ...


    By Carbon Trust

  • Mangrove coasts: a muddy story

    I am an engineer. I am a civil engineer and I work with “cohesive sediment”, which is a fancy term for mud. Mud is all over the place, in lakes and rivers, in river mouths (estuaries) and inlets, along the coast and in the deep ocean. Mud is actually very important, as it brings food to the ecosystem, and provides proper habitat for many animals and plants. But mud can become ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Carbon capture could be costly and risky

    There’s bad news for those who think that carbon dioxide can be removed from the atmosphere and stored deep in the Earth’s rocks. Even if carbon capture is possible, sequestration in the rocks is fraught because the gas can find multiple ways to escape, according to a report by a team from Penn State University, US, in the International Journal of Greenhouse Gas Control. Back in the ...


    By Climate News Network

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