degraded soil Articles

  • Soil Improvements via Incineration - Case Study

    Tropical Islands risk weak economies with poor diet and loss of biodiversity and soil degradation has a major impact on productivity. Inciner8 technical solutions prove a very positive breakthrough. Development organisations are vested with the means and dedication to directly improve and reinvigorate remote island communities. This vital intervention and support transforms the island ...


    By Inciner8 Limited

  • Soil degradation, a deepening problem

    Land is increasingly encountering problems which cause soil degradation. Erosion, desiccation and salinisation are just a few examples. The result is that fertile top layers of the soil disappear, water infiltration deteriorates and surface discharge accelerates. This constant decline in soil fertility, productivity and cultural and recreational value has many negative effects, particularly for ...


    By Eijkelkamp Soil & Water

  • Degradation of phthalate-contaminated soils

    Petrox 3 is a specialty bioremediation product comprised of patented strains of live vegetative aerobic microorganisms providing fast, effective degradation of large molecule organic compounds such as phthalates. The following soil treatment demonstrates the effectiveness of PETROX 3 to treat excavated and land-farmed soils. Petrox 3 was added at a rate of approximately 1 drum per 200 tons of ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Remote sensing of soil degradation: Introduction

    In the 21st century, mapping and monitoring the occurrence of soil degradation will be an important component of successful land management. Remote sensing, with its unique ability to measure across space and time, will be an increasingly indispensible tool for assessing degradation. However, much of the recent experience and progress in using remote sensing and other geospatial technologies to ...

  • Estimation of OCDD degradation rate in soil

    The current concentrations of polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs) were determined in soils contaminated with Chinese technical product sodium pentachlorophenate (Na-PCP). The estimated half-life of octachlorodioxin (OCDD) was about 14 years in contaminated soils based on the local historical record and mass balance calculation during the past 43 years (1960-2003). The ...


    By IOS Press

  • What are the main indicators of water quality?

    “Water is the driving force of all nature;” so said Leonardo da Vinci. The survival of our planet depends on the availability of water and the condition that it is in. It is therefore vital to make sure that it is able to provide a hospitable environment for those that live in it, and is free from harmful levels of substances for those that drink it. Not ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Addressing soil degradation in EU agriculture: relevant processes, practices and policies

    Agriculture occupies a substantial proportion of the European land, and consequently plays an important role in maintaining natural resources and cultural landscapes, a precondition for other human activities in rural areas. Unsustainable farming practices and land use, including mismanaged intensification as well as land abandonment, have an adverse impact on natural resources. Having recognised ...


  • Rushing Remediation - Cometabolic bioremediation accelerates natural degradation of groundwater and soil contaminants

    Untitled Document Field studies have shown that many organic contaminants degrade naturally by microorganisms present in soil and groundwater. This naturally occurring bioremediation, known ...


    By CL Solutions, LLC

  • Analysis of atrazine and its degradation products in loamy soil by SPE and HPLC

    The degradation and leaching of atrazine and its degradation products (hydroxyatrazine, desethylatrazine, deisopropylatarzine and didealkylatrazine) were studied into loamy soil. An agriculture soil field (50 × 50 sq. feet with brinjal plants) was selected and atrazine spray was carried out once in a year. The irrigation of this plot was carried out once in a month. The sampling of soil was ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Degradation of Fumonisin B1 by a Bacterial Strain Isolated from Soil

    Abstract  A mixed microbial culture degrading fumonisin B l was obtained from soil samples using an enrichment culture procedure. A bacterial isolate from the enrichment culture (strain NCB 1492) degraded fumonisin B1 after incubation for 3 h, as indicated by TLC and HPLC analysis. On the basis of the sequence analysis of 16S rDNA, strain NCB 1492 was related to the Delftia/Comamonas group. ...


  • Globalisation and rural poverty in Latin America: modelling the links to soil degradation

    The main objective of this paper is to present a framework to evaluate the impact of globalisation on poor farmers. We present a dynamic ecological-economic model that can be used to quantify the impact of globalisation on farmers' income and the quality of their natural resource base. The model combines material flux analysis with economic behavioural relationships. It allows for: (i) measuring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Degradation rate of sodium fluoroacetate in three New Zealand soils

    The degradation rate of sodium fluoroacetate (SFA) was assessed in a laboratory microcosm study incorporating three NZ soil types under different temperature (5, 10 or 20 °C) and soil moisture (35% or 60% water holding capacity) conditions using OECD Guideline 307. A combination of non‐labelled and radio‐labelled 14C‐SFA was added to soil microcosms, with sampling and analysis protocols for ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Effect of tween 80 added to the soil on the degradation of endosulfan by Pseudomonas aeruginosa

    Endosulfan, a chlorinated cyclodiene insecticide is of environmental concern because of its apparent persistence and toxicity to many non target organisms. Endosulfan is hydrophobic and persists in soil for more than a year. To overcome the problem of hydrophobic and limited availability, surfactants play a major role in soil remediation. In the present study, the effect of Tween 80 added to the ...

  • Influence of biotic-abiotic factors on the degradation of novaluron in tropical soil

    In this study, the degradation of novaluron (benzoylphenyl urea insect growth regulator) was investigated under controlled laboratory conditions in clay loam alluvial and coastal saline soils of West Bengal, India. The application rates were field rate (FR); 2FR and 10FR. The incubation study was carried out at 30 °C and 60% of maximum water ...

  • Monitoring of petroleum hydrocarbon degradative potential of indigenous microorganisms in ozonated soil

    This study was performed to investigate the petroleum hydrocarbon (PH) degradative potential of indigenous microorganisms in ozonated soil to better develop combined pre-ozonation/bioremediation technology. Diesel-contaminated soils were ozonated for 0–900min. PH and microbial concentrations in the soils decreased with increased ozonation time. The greatest reduction of total PH (TPH, 47.6%) and ...


    By Springer

  • Rapid Chemical Degradation Of Munitions Constituents

    PLANTECO Environmental Consultants, LLC is registered as an 8(a), Hubzone, SDB in the United States Central Contractor Registration (CCR). PLANTECO is recognized as a leader in providing sustainable technology consulting and engineered green remediation product applications. Dr. Valentine Nzengung, president of PLANTECO, has recently developed MUNOX®, a rapid in-situ chemical treatment process ...


    By Planteco, Inc

  • Degradability of n-hexadecane by Bacillus cereus DQ01 isolated from oil contaminated soil from Daqing oil field, China

    Localisation of degradation enzyme in Bacillus cereus DQ01 for n-hexadecane, production and characteristics of n-hexadecane-degrading enzyme were studied in this paper. The cellular extracts of Bacillus cereus DQ01 were fractionated into extra-cellular, periplasmic and cytoplasmic fractions after osmotic shock. The results showed that cytoplasmic and periplasmic enzymes are mainly responsible for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Isolation and characterization of some polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degrading bacteria from Nsukka soils in Nigeria

    Abstract: Twenty-four bacteria capable of utilizing naphthalene, as their sole source of carbon and energy for growth were isolated from three different sites in Nsukka, Nigeria. By standard bacteriological methods, these bacteria were characterized taxonomically as belonging to the genus Pseudomonas, Burkholderia or Actinomycetes. Two of the isolates, which showed the highest growth during ...

  • Land degradation in developing countries: what is the problem?

    Based on a review of case studies from developing countries this paper argues that global assessments of land degradation should be interpreted with care. On the one hand, degradation is not a linear process that can easily be measured by static parameters. Positive environmental outcomes are often linked to the process of land use intensification, an outcome that depends on an interplay among ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Isolation and characterization of crude oil degrading bacillus spp.

    Crude oil continues to be used as the principal source of energy and play an important role in the global environmental pollutant considerations. On the other hand, oil will remain as a major source of energy in the next several decades, because a reliable alternative energy comsumption has not yet been substituted. (Trindade et al., 2005, Al- Saleh and Obuekwe, 2005). There are so many bacterial ...


    By University of Tehran

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