deionization Articles

  • The Desel System – Capacitive Deionization for The Removal of Ions From Water

    Capacitive deionization (CDI) represents a new approach to the treatment of a variety of water/wastewater streams contaminated with inorganic compounds. ENPAR Technologies Inc. of Canada has developed its DesEL System, which combines high water recoveries with high ion removal efficiencies. The system operates on the principle of capacitive deionization to remove ionic compounds referred to as ...

  • RO brine treatment and recovery by biological activated carbon and capacitive deionization process

    The generation of brine solutions from dense membrane (reverse osmosis, RO or nanofiltration, NF) water reclamation systems has been increasing worldwide, and the lack of cost effective disposal options is becoming a critical water resources management issue. In Singapore, NEWater is the product of a multiple barrier water reclamation process from secondary treated domestic effluent using ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The study of capacitive deionization behavior of a carbon nanotube electrode from the perspective of charge efficiency

    In this work, the capacitive deionization (CDI) performance of a single-walled carbon nanotube (CNT) electrode has been studied from the point view of charge efficiency theory. It is revealed here that the charge efficiency of a CNT electrode is strongly dependent upon the cell voltage and solution concentration. Either the high cell voltage or the low ionic strength results in a high charge ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Arsenic removal from groundwater using low-cost carbon composite electrodes for capacitive deionization

    Affordable carbon composite electrodes were developed to treat low-concentrated groundwater using capacitive deionization (CDI). A carbon slurry prepared using activated carbon powder (ACP), poly(vinylidene fluoride), and N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone was employed as a casting solution to soak in a low-cost porous substrate. The surface morphology of the carbon composite electrodes was investigated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Studies on competitive adsorption of dyes onto carbon (XC-72) and regeneration of adsorbent

    Carbon as an adsorbent has been widely studied for wastewater treatment, but the regeneration of adsorbent has been scarcely reported. In this paper, an economical and environmental method was applied to regenerate carbon (XC-72). Results showed that both anhydrous ethanol and deionized water did not obtain optimal effect for the desorption of Acid Orange 7, Ponceau 2R and Rhodamine B, but the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Filtration Spectrum

    Reverse Osmosis. Microfiltration. Distillation. Deionization. With so many types of filtration and purification systems on the market today it is difficult to determine which type of technology is best for your needs. The filtration of liquids is performed at many levels. To understand how to maximize your filtration needs, one needs to consider the size range of the particles. Once this is ...

  • Photocatalytic inactivation of E. faecalis in secondary wastewater plant effluents

    Photocatalytic inactivation of Enterococcus faecalis using TiO2 suspensions was investigated and compared to the inactivation of the most commonly used faecal indicator strain Escherichia coli. In contrast to the inactivation in pure deionized water, disinfection of effluents from the biological process of an urban wastewater plant showed a longer initial lag phase and higher ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Methods of Purification

    Water Innovations Water Systems Carbon Filtration is used for several reasons. Its primary purpose is the reduction of chlorine to less than 0.1 ppm. Chorine can damage softener resins, reverse osmosis membranes, and mixed bed deionization resins. Activated carbon will also help control tastes and odors, provide organic and hazardous organic chemical ...


    By Water Innovations, Inc

  • Case Study - Water Resuse/Recycle

    A leading electronics company faced increasing water costs of both influent and effluent. They contracted Applied Water Solutions for a pilot study using some of the most advanced methods of water purification on effluent from a clean out of place (COP) system. The pilot provided proof of principle of the selected process to recycle some of the DI Water rinse, and justified a ROI of less than one ...

  • Photodegradation of the antihistamine cetirizine in natural waters

    The photodegradation rate of the anti‐histamine cetirizine (Zyrtec®) was investigated in various water matrices. The average observed first‐order photodegradation rate coefficient (kobs), obtained by linear regression of the logarithmic‐transformed cetirizine concentrations versus irradiation time in simulated sunlight, was 0.024 h−1 (n = 6; S.D. ± 0.004) in deionized water (DIW) corresponding ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Detection of carbendazim in milk

    MATRIX: Milk, homogenized ANALYTE: Carbendazim, a metabolite of benomyl RANGE OF DETECTION: 5 to 100 ppb MATERIALS: Benomyl/Carbendazim RaPID AssayÒ Kit and Sample Diluent. Reagents: Methanol (pesticide grade), glacial acetic acid, distilled or deionized water. Equipment: 15 mL polypropylene centrifuge tubes ...


  • Electrodeionization - Ultrapure water

    Continuous Electrodeionization Process The continuous electrodeionization process (CEDI),  is a system that uses ion exchange resins and electricity  for the production of ultrapure deionized water without chemical processes and without production stops. SIMPEC uses modular systems for the electrodeionization processes. The CEDI modules are installed at the exit ...


    By SIMPEC S.r.l.

  • Power Industry using Micro-Media Filtration and short-bed ion exchange

    With the demand or higher efficiencies, lower maintenance and operating costs for boilwers and turbines, high-purity water treatment systems are becoming more crucial to the operation of power plants. Modern power plants, operating at supercritical and ultra upercritical boiler pressures and temperatures, require high-purity water that approaches quality levels at the theoretical levels. ...


    By Eco-Tec Inc.

  • Pharmaceutical / Personal care product manufacturer promotes quality standards

    Challenge Pharmaceuticol manufacturers demand high qualify water with the fewest dissolved solids possible, to promote product consistency. A Canadian manufacturer of pharmaceutical/personal core products was looking to maintain water quality specifications to promote product consistency and improve product shelf life. First the source water for the manufacturing plont comes from ...


    By Culligan Matrix Solutions

  • C18 extraction of atrazine for increased sensitivity in the RaPID Assay

    Performance of an increased sensitivity method utilizing an extraction and concentration step to increase analyte concentration of the assayed sample is presented. Recently, Shepard and Carr (1992) reported a method for increased detection of atrazine by gas chromatography using C18 solid-phase extraction (SPE) with a 10 mL water sample. An application with BakerbondÒ C18 SPE columns for ...


  • ITRC position paper for passive diffusion sampling, 2002

    This document is intended to facilitate the use of polyethylene diffusion bag (PDB) samplers for long-term monitoring (LTM). The guidelines presented in Sections 2 and 3 relate to appropriate implementation, data interpretation, and regulatory issues of concern. Although diffusion samplers can be useful for many different activities and have membranes composed of various materials, this ...


    By EON Products Inc.

  • Detection of atrazine and 2,4-d in raw milk

    MATRIX: Raw Milk ANALYTES: Atrazine, 2,4-D RANGE OF DETECTION: Atrazine: 5 to 250 ppb, 2,4-D: 0.05 to 2.5 ppm MATERIALS: RaPID Assay, Kit and Sample Diluent for Atrazine and 2,4-D Reagents: methanol (pesticide grade), glacial acetic acid, distilled or deionized water, diatomacoeus earth (Celite 545). Equipment: ...


  • Detection of PCB in water using the ensys test kit

    MATRIX: Water ANALYTE: PCB LIMIT OF DETECTION: 1260: 50 ppb 1254: 50 ppb 1248: 100 ppb 1242: 200 ppb 1232: 400 ppb 1016: 400 ppb MATERIALS: Ensys PCB 12 Test Kit, item # 7020301. Ensys PCB Soil Extraction Kit #7020300EA. Clean tap or deionized water. Equipment: Ensys Field System ...


  • Reverse Osmosis and Electrodeionization Alternate to Service DI

    Electrodeionization (EDI) is a chemical free water treatment technology that eliminates the need for off line chemical regeneration. EDI has gone from an unproven and unknown commodity to one that has revolutionized the industry in the past 20 years. Much has been written and discussed about the use of EDI systems for industrial applications such as power plants and semiconductors, where flows ...


    By Agape Water Solutions, Inc.

  • Use of cooling tower blow down in ethanol fermentation

    Reducing water consumption in bioethanol production conserves an increasingly scarce natural resource, lowers production costs, and minimizes effluent management issues. The suitability of cooling tower blow down water for reuse in fermentation was investigated as a means to lower water consumption. Extensive chemical characterization of the blow down water revealed low concentrations of toxic ...


    By IWA Publishing

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