desalination Articles

  • Solar desalination

    This paper outlines the state of the art in solar desalination, especially atmospheric and vacuum distillation with or without condensation heat recovery, and focuses on the ongoing progress and the targets achievable.Keywords: atmospheric distillation, vacuum distillation, condensation heat recovery, solar desalination, solar energy, solar ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmentally sound desalination at the Perth Seawater Desalination Plant

    AbstractWater scarcity is recognized as a significant problem in Australia and throughout the world. Yet the demand for fresh water continues to grow, driven by the need for drinking water to satisfy the world’s growing population, changing weather patterns, an increasing need for water for agriculture and industry and the concentration of populations in urban areas that lack sufficient fresh ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Advances in nuclear desalination

    The Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP) at Kalpakkam aims to demonstrate the safe and economic production of good quality water by desalination of seawater comprising 4,500 m³/d Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) and 1,800 m³/d Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant. The design of the hybrid MSF–RO plant to be set up at an existing nuclear power station is presented. The MSF plant based on long tube ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Prospects of nuclear desalination in Morocco

    In the last few years, Morocco has faced a continuous series of dry seasons, which has put a great stress on its limited water resources. Hence, for some time now Morocco has been considering desalinating seawater to supply fresh water to some areas. In the early 1980's, due to limited energy resources, Morocco was obliged to consider other alternatives to meet its energy demands. A feasibility ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview on nuclear desalination

    One of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is in freshwater production. The present work focuses on the recent world water situation, large-scale desalination processes, electricity production, and the features required by advanced inherent and passive safe reactors. The relevant economical assessment of these adapted reactors for water-electricity cogeneration have been carried out and compared ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination for saudi arabian refinery

    Overview Aquatech is supplying the equipment for two (2) 525 gpm seawater distillation system to Saudi Arabian Oil Company’s Ras Tanura Refinery in Saudi Arabia. General Project Description Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical & Delivery requirements. In general the infrastructure was made capable of ...

  • Taking the pressure off desalination

    California-based PAX Pure hopes to offer a new solution to water scarcity with its groundbreaking water purification tool. Developed by Jay Harman and Tom Gielda, PAX Pure technology desalinates and demineralizes water without membranes, moving parts or chemicals. Instead, the technology simply mimics high-altitude conditions. The big challenge with conventional ...


    By Ensia

  • Seawater desalination — a green technology?

    The need for resource-saving, low-impact “green” desalination technologies is evident as the use of desalination accelerates in many parts of the world. The concept of “best available techniques” (BAT) aims at the identification of state of the art technologies, processes, or methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability for preventing or reducing pollution of the atmosphere, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brackish water desalination technologies

    This paper classifies various types of water according to their total dissolved salt content. It then discusses various technologies for brackish water desalination and their advantages and disadvantages. These technologies include different thermal processes as well as membrane processes. The thermal processes include Multistage Flash (MSF), Multieffect Distillation (MED) and Vapour Compression ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear desalination with PBMR

    The possibilities of using the high temperature exhaust heat of a Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) in desalination processes are considered. An analysis of MED and MSF type desalination processes coupled with a PBMR are studied and a module for the DEEP code is prepared.Keywords: nuclear desalination, PBMR, DEEP, cost ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater desalination for methanex

    Methanex has a large methanol production facility in Punta Arenas, Chile. In this region of the world, fresh water is not available, and the facility requires seawater desalination to provide drinking water and process water. When the facility underwent renovation and expansion of their facilities, Aqua-Chem ICD provided a total of five (5) new Once through Multi-stage Flash plants. The ...

  • Tuas Seawater Desalination Plant

    Black & Veatch designed the largest membrane desalination plant in Southeast Asia to help Singapore reach a critical technical milestone in its drive to overcome drinking water supply issues. The island of Singapore is among the world's 20 smallest countries in land area, but is one of the most densely populated. This highly developed city-nation enjoys a tropical climate with abundant rainfall, ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Seawater desalination at rabigh refinery

    Background Saudi Aramco’s RABIGH Refinery in Saudi Arabia wanted to install facility for 10000 TPD Seawater Desalination for the industrial use. The facility was supposed to be a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) basis. General project description The joint consortium of SETE & Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical ...

  • Sustainable desalination technologies for future

    This paper deals with some aspects concerning the dual objectives of cost-effectiveness and favourable environmental impact of desalination plants, resulting in a sustainable alternative source of fresh water for future needs. These include some case studies on the use of waste heat for the thermal desalination plants, replacement of conventional pre-treatments in membrane plants with cleaner ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • AWA’s Membrane and Desalination Conference

    AWA’s Membranes & Desalination Conference brings together industry professional and engages you to look back at  a decade of desalination developments and forward to a future of climate resilient innovations. It hosts several pre-conference workshops, networking events and includes a line-up of influential speakers. This year, the President & CEO of LuminUltra, Pat Whalen was ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • Advances in desalination technology

    Seawater desalination has been the cornerstone of the Middle East's water supply strategy since the mid-1950s, and most of the installed desalination capacity is still provided by multistage flash evaporators. But, desalination is changing. In fact, the term "desalination" is no longer limited to seawater applications; desalination technologies are now routinely employed to desalinate brackish ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Status and prospects of nuclear desalination

    Recent statistics show that currently 2.3 billion people live in water-stressed areas and among them 1.7 billion live in water-scarce areas. In the light of this, the Millennium Declaration by the UN General Assembly in 2000 has set up a target to halve, by the year 2015, the world population who are unable to reach, or to afford, safe drinking water. Better water conservation, water management, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The potential for desalination in India

    The demand for water in India is increasing rapidly owing to progressive increase in the use of water for irrigation, rapid industrialisation, population growth and improving life standards. A holistic approach is therefore required to cope with the freshwater needs of the country. It includes: seawater desalination in coastal areas; brackish water desalination; water purification; water reuse; ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of desalination costs with DEEP

    Detailed analysis has shown several discrepancies and pitfalls of coupling an economic evaluation code, such as SEMER to the desalination cost evaluation code DEEP. This paper resumes our findings, which may be of interest to other DEEP users. The paper in particular deals with the following issues: why is it that power costs from nuclear systems are systematically higher in DEEP than those given ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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