desalination brines Articles

  • Feasibility assessment of pervaporation for desalinating high-salinity brines

    Pervaporation, which is a non-pressure driven membrane process, was evaluated to determine its viability for desalinating high-salinity source waters like those originating from oil and natural gas development (produced water). Two types of membrane material chemistries were studied in order to identify the optimal properties for maximizing the permeate flux under a given set of operating ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Brine disposal from land based membrane desalination plants: a critical assessment

    The earliest applications of desalination technology date back to the use of boiler condensate on early “steam-ships”. Installation of large-scale land-based desalination facilities began in the Middle East shortly after the end of WW II. These saline water evaporators were sited along the Persian Gulf and other costal locations. An especially large increase in desalination capacity began in the ...


    By Lesico CleanTech

  • Strategy of deriving 'wealth from waste' from concentrated brine of desalination plant

    Research and technological developments are being pursued vigorously all over the world to reduce the cost of desalinated water. Thermal and membrane-based desalination processes are very well known and plants are being operated to augment the demand of fresh water essential for drinking in water-scarce countries and to sustain the industrial processes. Any further improvement in energy reduction ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring of brine discharges from seawater desalination plants in the Mediterranean

    Desalination of seawater has become an important and growing industry due to the water shortage in some Mediterranean countries. This activity may result in environmental impacts, mainly generated by the discharge into the sea of the concentrate (brine) produced. Data regarding the dispersion of these hypersaline effluents, and about their effects in the marine ecosystem, are very scarce. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • WAIV- Wind Aided Intensified Evaporation for reduction of desalination brine volume

    One of the challenges to inland desalination plants in arid regions is the question of brine disposal.  Evaporation ponds proposed for brine disposal present an environmental burden because of the large area required.  A process has been developed in cooperation with Lesico Ltd. to drastically reduce the land area required for such brine disposal.  It is based on vertically mounted and ...


    By Lesico CleanTech

  • Recovery of uranium and vanadium from brine streams and oceans

    Research and technological developments are being pursued vigorously all over the globe to reduce the cost of desalinated water. One approach can be to retrofit 'value addition' by the recovery of uranium and vanadium from reject brine streams. Bench-scale field trials that have been carried out are presented in this paper. Coupling 'uranium recovery' with desalination plants for partly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Linking near- and far-field hydrodynamic models for simulation of desalination plant brine discharges

    A desalination plant is proposed to be the major water supply to the Olympic Dam Expansion Mining project. Located in the Upper Spencer Gulf, South Australia, the site was chosen due to the existence of strong currents and their likely advantages in terms of mixing and dilution of discharged return water. A high-resolution hydrodynamic model (Estuary, Lake and Coastal Ocean Model, ELCOM) was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Middle east installation employs brine concentrator

    The Facility Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) is an oil exploration and production company located in the Middle East. PDO needed high purity water to feed the oil field steam generator at their new enhanced oil recovery facility at Qarn Alam located in the Oman interior. Aqua-Chem ICD, together with PDO’s consultant, recognized that conventional seawater desalination equipment was ...

  • Environmentally sound desalination at the Perth Seawater Desalination Plant

    AbstractWater scarcity is recognized as a significant problem in Australia and throughout the world. Yet the demand for fresh water continues to grow, driven by the need for drinking water to satisfy the world’s growing population, changing weather patterns, an increasing need for water for agriculture and industry and the concentration of populations in urban areas that lack sufficient fresh ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Sustainable desalination: environmental approaches

    Abstract The environmental issues of possible concern during construction and operation of desalination plants (mainly large-scale facilities) include impacts that are common to many coastal development projects (e.g. land use and aesthetic impacts), as well as specific impacts associated with the elements of the desalination system and auxiliary infrastructure. In the latter category ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Seawater desalination for methanex

    Methanex has a large methanol production facility in Punta Arenas, Chile. In this region of the world, fresh water is not available, and the facility requires seawater desalination to provide drinking water and process water. When the facility underwent renovation and expansion of their facilities, Aqua-Chem ICD provided a total of five (5) new Once through Multi-stage Flash plants. The ...

  • Seawater desalination at rabigh refinery

    Background Saudi Aramco’s RABIGH Refinery in Saudi Arabia wanted to install facility for 10000 TPD Seawater Desalination for the industrial use. The facility was supposed to be a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) basis. General project description The joint consortium of SETE & Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical ...

  • Environmental aspects of a desalination plant in Ashkelon

    Abstract The desalination plant was set up as a solution to Israel's growing demand for fresh water. This is the first of a series of designated desalination plants of the same approximate size, which are at present in various stages of planning and licensing. The desalination plant in Ashkelon is one of the largest in the world, and the largest in the Levant Basin. The proposed solution for ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Sea water desalination for sagunto, Spain

    The Problem The Sagunto locality is situated in the region of the Camp of Morvedre in Spain. In recent years, a strong industrial growth has been anticipated in the zone. This has provoked a growing requirement for water in the Municipal Region of Sagunto. For this situation, the Sagunto Council planed to cover part of the future hydraulic deficit for short and long term with the ...

  • Sea Water Desalination - Technical Article

    Sea Water Desalination is a specific process involving molecular separation via membrane technology to reduce the dissolved salt and mineral content of sea water to a level suitable for human and animal consumption, commercial/industrial and irrigation uses. This process involves three water streams namely sea water as the intake source, Product / Permeate water of potable drinking water quality ...

  • Overview of seawater desalination status and challenges

    Introduction World oceans contain over 97.2% of the planet’s water resources. Because of the high salinity of ocean water and the significant costs associated with seawater desalination most of the global water supply has traditionally come from fresh water sources – groundwater aquifers, rivers and lakes. Today, however, changing climate patterns combined with population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The CEA/BARC collaboration on the use of nuclear reactors for desalination

    This paper presents the collaboration between the French Atomic Energy Commission (Commissariat a l'Energie Atomique, CEA) and the Indian Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC) on the use of nuclear reactors for desalination. The joint R&D effort aims at developing optimised nuclear desalination systems, producing large amounts of desalted water at the lowest cost and in a sustainable manner. It ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Innovative seawater intake for reverse osmosis desalination plants

    Seawater desalination plants typically consist of four major unit operations: seawater intake, pretreatment, Reverse Osmosis (RO) stage, and posttreatment and brine discharge. The best way is to go through vertical beach wells, but the increase of the production capacity of the plants built in recent years makes open intake the only solution. These open ocean intakes draw seawater through the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • On the performance limitation of reverse osmosis water desalination systems

    The performance of Reverse Osmosis (RO) water desalination processes was investigated using a simulated brackish water plant based on spiral-wound membranes. A semi-rigorous mathematical model was employed in the simulation to calculate the water and salt fluxes at any point along the filtration channel. The effects of two key parameters, namely the transmembrane pressure and membrane surface ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A nuclear option for power and desalination on Madura Island

    Madura Island, which comprises 5.3 thousand square kilometres and is inhabited by 3.1 million people, belongs to the East Java Province of Indonesia. Proximity to the congested Surabaya city-port makes Madura enticing as a place to accommodate the expansion of port facilities and industrial estates operating in Surabaya. Efforts to support industrial development have been made, e.g. in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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