desalination plant Articles

  • Tuas Seawater Desalination Plant

    Black & Veatch designed the largest membrane desalination plant in Southeast Asia to help Singapore reach a critical technical milestone in its drive to overcome drinking water supply issues. The island of Singapore is among the world's 20 smallest countries in land area, but is one of the most densely populated. This highly developed city-nation enjoys a tropical climate with abundant rainfall, ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Environmentally sound desalination at the Perth Seawater Desalination Plant

    AbstractWater scarcity is recognized as a significant problem in Australia and throughout the world. Yet the demand for fresh water continues to grow, driven by the need for drinking water to satisfy the world’s growing population, changing weather patterns, an increasing need for water for agriculture and industry and the concentration of populations in urban areas that lack sufficient fresh ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Environmental aspects of a desalination plant in Ashkelon

    Abstract The desalination plant was set up as a solution to Israel's growing demand for fresh water. This is the first of a series of designated desalination plants of the same approximate size, which are at present in various stages of planning and licensing. The desalination plant in Ashkelon is one of the largest in the world, and the largest in the Levant Basin. The proposed solution for ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Tritium migration in nuclear desalination plants

    Tritium transport, as one of important items of radiation safety assessment, should be taken into consideration before construction of a Nuclear Desalination Plant (NDP). The influence of tritium internal exposition to the human body is very dangerous because of 3H associations with water molecules. The problem of tritium in nuclear engineering is connected to its high penetration ability ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative analysis of the thin-film desalination plant process

    Thin-film installations with different heating surface orientations are widely used in seawater technology. Despite the presence of various thermal schemes and the construction of evaporating devices for installations of this type, comparisons of their power output are not available. We have carried out a comparison of the thermal schemes of MSF and thin-film installations in order to determine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination plant in Egypt runs on wind & sun

    Fortis Wind Energy (NL) and Juwi Renewable (DE) install a 100kW hybrid system in Egypt. Egypt, the land of the pyramids, is known to us for its ancient culture and the last year because of the uprisings for more democracy. Egypt is less known for its large population (83 million) lives along the Nile (only 5.5% of the surface). The rest of the country is desert. The River Nile runs into Egypt ...


    By Fortis Wind Energy

  • A joint power and desalination plant for Sinai and the Gaza Strip

    Desalination can be a cost-effective way to produce fresh water and possibly electricity. The Gaza Strip has had a complex hydro-political situation for many years. Gaza is bordered by the Mediterranean sea in the west, by Israel to the north and east and by Egypt in the south. Water and electricity consumption in the Gaza Strip is expected to increase in the future due to the increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mechanical vapour compression desalination plant at Trombay

    Desalination plants based on Mechanical Vapour Compression (MVC) technology are inherently the most thermodynamically efficient. The thermodynamic efficiency of the MVC process is derived from the application of the heat pump principle. A single unit of a two-effect MVC desalination pilot plant of 50 m?/day capacity has recently been commissioned at Trombay, Mumbai. The desalination unit is very ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coupling strategies for desalination plants with gas cooled reactors

    Of late, high temperature gas cooled reactors have received significant attention due to many desirable operational and safety characteristics. Potable water has become more and more scarce due to the increasing population and environmental problems. Seawater desalination is an important consideration when searching for a supply of potable and industrial water. This study deals with possible ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Specific contents of the SAR for a nuclear desalination plant

    Although it is widely accepted that coupling a Desalination Plant (DP) to a Nuclear Power Plant (NPP) does not pose any significant additional hazard, it must clearly be considered as a major modification of the design and, therefore, requires issuing an ad hoc version of the Facility Safety Analysis Report (SAR). Documentation is already available covering general safety aspects of nuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermal coupling system analysis of a nuclear desalination plant

    When a nuclear reactor is used to supply steam for a desalination plant, the method of coupling has a significant technical and economic impact. The exact method of coupling depends on the type of reactor and the type of desalination plant. As a part of Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP), BARC has successfully commissioned a 4500 m³/day multi-stage flash desalination plant coupled ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Innovative seawater intake for reverse osmosis desalination plants

    Seawater desalination plants typically consist of four major unit operations: seawater intake, pretreatment, Reverse Osmosis (RO) stage, and posttreatment and brine discharge. The best way is to go through vertical beach wells, but the increase of the production capacity of the plants built in recent years makes open intake the only solution. These open ocean intakes draw seawater through the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Experiences in the construction and operation of a nuclear desalination demonstration plant

    A hybrid desalination system of 6300 m³/day capacity has been envisaged, comprising 4500 m³/day Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) and 1800 m³/day Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) plants, and sharing basic utilities with Madras Atomic Power Station. The SWRO plant has been commissioned and has been operating for more than two years. The MSF plant is under construction. The construction of the MSF plant has ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Outline of a nuclear seawater desalination plant for the Shandong Peninsula

    A pre-project study of the Shandong nuclear seawater desalination plant was carried out in 2001. The plant will produce 160,000 m³/d of potable water using a 200 MWth nuclear heating reactor, developed by INET, coupled to a high-temperature multi-effect distillation process. This paper presents an outline of the Shandong desalination project, including the main features of the reactor and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advances in nuclear desalination

    The Nuclear Desalination Demonstration Project (NDDP) at Kalpakkam aims to demonstrate the safe and economic production of good quality water by desalination of seawater comprising 4,500 m³/d Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) and 1,800 m³/d Reverse Osmosis (RO) plant. The design of the hybrid MSF–RO plant to be set up at an existing nuclear power station is presented. The MSF plant based on long tube ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview on nuclear desalination

    One of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is in freshwater production. The present work focuses on the recent world water situation, large-scale desalination processes, electricity production, and the features required by advanced inherent and passive safe reactors. The relevant economical assessment of these adapted reactors for water-electricity cogeneration have been carried out and compared ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater desalination — a green technology?

    The need for resource-saving, low-impact “green” desalination technologies is evident as the use of desalination accelerates in many parts of the world. The concept of “best available techniques” (BAT) aims at the identification of state of the art technologies, processes, or methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability for preventing or reducing pollution of the atmosphere, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Prospects of nuclear desalination in Morocco

    In the last few years, Morocco has faced a continuous series of dry seasons, which has put a great stress on its limited water resources. Hence, for some time now Morocco has been considering desalinating seawater to supply fresh water to some areas. In the early 1980's, due to limited energy resources, Morocco was obliged to consider other alternatives to meet its energy demands. A feasibility ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination for saudi arabian refinery

    Overview Aquatech is supplying the equipment for two (2) 525 gpm seawater distillation system to Saudi Arabian Oil Company’s Ras Tanura Refinery in Saudi Arabia. General Project Description Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical & Delivery requirements. In general the infrastructure was made capable of ...

  • Seawater desalination for methanex

    Methanex has a large methanol production facility in Punta Arenas, Chile. In this region of the world, fresh water is not available, and the facility requires seawater desalination to provide drinking water and process water. When the facility underwent renovation and expansion of their facilities, Aqua-Chem ICD provided a total of five (5) new Once through Multi-stage Flash plants. The ...

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