desalination plant maintenance Articles

  • A joint power and desalination plant for Sinai and the Gaza Strip

    Desalination can be a cost-effective way to produce fresh water and possibly electricity. The Gaza Strip has had a complex hydro-political situation for many years. Gaza is bordered by the Mediterranean sea in the west, by Israel to the north and east and by Egypt in the south. Water and electricity consumption in the Gaza Strip is expected to increase in the future due to the increasing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Carlsbad Project - the largest desalination plant in the Western Hemisphere and a complete game changer for desalination in the US case study

    An award-winning desalination project for the San Diego County Water Authority (SDCWA) that will provide clean water to about 300,000 people and generate over $50m annually to the regional economy. The plant overcame significant practical, regulatory and economic hurdles to deliver a cost effective and environmentally friendly water supply. IDE and its partners worked for more than 10 years ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Safety and reliability aspects of seawater reverse osmosis desalination plant of nuclear desalination demonstration project

    Desalination systems are mostly based on membrane (RO) and thermal (MSF and MED) processes. High-pressure operation and high level of corrosion are the major aspects of concern in a Seawater Reverse Osmosis (SWRO) Plant. Selection of the appropriate material for construction and the following of the proper design, fabrication and testing codes, and safe operational procedures ensure the safety of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Gujarat Reliance Project - India’s largest Desalination Plant case study

    IDE has been delivering high quality Boiler Feed Water (BFW), as well as potable water, to India’s largest oil refinery for the last 15 years. This partnership has flourished and capacity has been expanded twice since first commissioning. Using a reliable Multi-Effect Distillation (MED) seawater desalination solution, IDE proves that eco-awareness, operational innovation and cost ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Desalination pre‐treatment with LFNano

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low‐fouling. membrane systems. The Company leverages the proprietary low‐fouling nanofiltration. (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid. particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, the LFNano ...

  • Sea Water Desalination - Technical Article

    Sea Water Desalination is a specific process involving molecular separation via membrane technology to reduce the dissolved salt and mineral content of sea water to a level suitable for human and animal consumption, commercial/industrial and irrigation uses. This process involves three water streams namely sea water as the intake source, Product / Permeate water of potable drinking water quality ...

  • Overview of seawater desalination status and challenges

    Introduction World oceans contain over 97.2% of the planet’s water resources. Because of the high salinity of ocean water and the significant costs associated with seawater desalination most of the global water supply has traditionally come from fresh water sources – groundwater aquifers, rivers and lakes. Today, however, changing climate patterns combined with population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Present and future activities of nuclear desalination in Japan

    Seawater desalination plants have been installed at several nuclear power plants in Japan in order to satisfy the regulations for nuclear plant installation. This has been done where there is a limited source of water due to the geological conditions. These desalination plants are being operated to ensure supplemental water by using thermal or electrical energy from the nuclear power plant. The ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The pebble bed modular reactor, desalination challenges and options

    The Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) is a development lead by Eskom, the South African state power utility. The technology used is based on the previous German HTGR work linked to a direct cycle gas turbine (or Breyton Cycle) being developed in conjunction with Mitsubishi Heavy Industry. The initial commercial plant design has a thermal output of 400 MW with an electrical output (nett) of over ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Energy cost for desalination evaporation versus reverse osmosis

    The selection of the appropriate desalination technology between evaporation and reverse osmosis is grounded on several factors, including investment cost, maintenance cost, degree of availability, heaviness of the duty, and the required purity of the desalinated water. The main factor is often the running cost of the plant, and specifically the cost of the consumed energy. This paper intends to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalinated water production optimisation using a high temperature reactor in a cogeneration mode

    Production of desalinated water requires energy whether it is heat in evaporating processes or electricity for pumping at high pressure in reserve osmosis processes. In any of these processes, energy represents a substantial share of the final soft water cost, in the range of 50% for the MED process, the remaining part being the amortisation of the desalination unit and its maintenance and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A nuclear desalination complex with a VK-300 boiling type reactor facility

    RDIPE has developed a detailed design of an enhanced safety nuclear steam supply system (NSSS) with a VK-300 boiling water reactor for combined heat and power generation. The thermal power of the reactor is 750 MW. The maximum electrical power in the condensation mode is 250 MWe. The maximum heat generation capacity of 400 Gcal/h is reached at 150 MWe. This report describes, in brief, the basic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Nuclear desalination in the Arab world – Part II: advanced inherent and passive safe nuclear reactors

    Rapid increases in population levels have led to greater demands for fresh water and electricity in the Arab World. Different types of energies are needed to contribute to bridging the gap between increased demand and production. Increased levels of safeguards in nuclear power plants have became reliable due to their large operational experience, which now exceeds 11,000 years of operation. Thus, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards a desalination initiative using cogeneration with an advanced reactor type and uranium recovered from Moroccan phosphoric acid production

    Morocco is known to be among the first few countries to produce phosphate and phosphoric acid. Moroccan phosphate contains substantial amounts of uranium. This uranium can be recovered from the phosphate ore as a by-product during the production of phosphoric acid. Uranium extraction processes linked with phosphoric acid fabrication have been used industrially in some countries. This is done ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Pushing the limits: optimizing membrane plants via correlating fouling with critical flux

    Abstract The concept of establishing direct correlations between the operating flux, represented by the conversion, and fouling potential of membrane systems has always been of tremendous interest to membrane technology researchers, plant end-users and membrane manufacturers since the advent of membrane technology’s commercial applications worldwide some forty years ago. Several ...


    By MASAR Technologies, Inc.

  • Successful Boot Project nears completion

    Introduction Larnaca Desalination Plant was the first large scale sea water reverse osmosis plant which was built by IDE Technologies Ltd and is solely owned and operated by I.D.E. staff. It is currently in the final year of a 10 year BOOT project (Build, Own, Operate, and Transfer). The plant has a current maximum design capacity of 64,000M³/day. Plant construction started in ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Can saltwater quench our growing thirst?

    An increasingly water-stressed world takes a new look at desalination. It seems simple enough: Take the salt out of water so it’s drinkable. But it’s far more complex than it appears at first glance. It’s also increasingly crucial in a world where freshwater resources are progressively strained by population growth, development, droughts, ...


    By Ensia

  • Comparison of RO and NF in wastewater reclamation

    Currently, water reuse and reclamation are considered as an essential technology available for alternative water resources with respect to non-potable as well as potable uses. Therefore, lots of studies have been developing various technologies for water reuse, reclamation, and desalination to producing the more reliable and higher quality reclaimed/reused water. In addition, there are several ...


    By Toray Chemical Korea

  • South Australia’s $403 million NSISP Uses a “Super” Valve to Perform in a Variety of Extreme Conditions

    NSISP is one of South Australian Water Corporation’s (SA Water) biggest infrastructure projects undertaken in Adelaide metropolitan to connect the north and south drinking water distribution systems and to increase access to their desalination plant. The project included the construction of 32 km of pipeline through metropolitan main roads and suburban inner streets. This is no small feat ...


    By Singer Valve Inc.

  • Network Models in the Control Room the Fact and the Fiction

    In this article Dan Stevens, Senior Support Engineer for Water Distribution Software at Wallingford Software, discusses the potential for Network Models to be used in the control room, what is possible, and indeed what is a sensible level of integration of network modelling with other systems (such as telemetry and SCADA) for a more complete understanding of system operation and performance. For ...


    By Innovyze

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