desalination process Articles

  • Use of Composite Materials in the Desalination Process

    The vast majority of the Earth’s surface is covered by saltwater and people living on the remaining land need fresh water to sustain life. But, as our readers are well aware, more than 1 billion people lack reliable access to fresh water and that count is only expected to grow. Remarkably, almost 60 percent of the world’s population lives less than 60 km from a seacoast. Desalinated ...


    By H2bid, Inc.

  • Low Temperature Thermal Desalination (LTTD): new sustainable desalination process

    Water is a scarce resource, and new collection and production facilities are predicted as necessary in the coming years. Sea water desalination shall be a key technology for the production of fresh water in many areas of the world, and great efforts are now in progress to increase the reliability of the desalination processes and to reduce the relevant investment and operation costs. In this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Comparative analysis of the thin-film desalination plant process

    Thin-film installations with different heating surface orientations are widely used in seawater technology. Despite the presence of various thermal schemes and the construction of evaporating devices for installations of this type, comparisons of their power output are not available. We have carried out a comparison of the thermal schemes of MSF and thin-film installations in order to determine ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The growing use of composite materials in the desalination process

    The vast majority of the Earth’s surface is covered by saltwater and people living on the remaining land need fresh water to sustain life. But, as our readers are well aware, more than 1 billion people lack reliable access to fresh water and that count is only expected to grow. Remarkably, almost 60 percent of the world’s population lives less than 60 km from a seacoast. Desalinated ...


    By H2find/com

  • Process control in multi-stage flash desalination industry

    Process control is an essential part of the desalination industry that requires to be operated under optimum conditions to increase the lifetime of the plant and reduce the unit product cost. Improved process control is a cost-effective approach to energy conservation and increased process profitability. The Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) plant involves many complicated operations related to steam, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Thermodynamic efficiencies and GHG emissions of alternative desalination processes

    Three alternative approaches to desalinating seawater were evaluated with respect to their thermodynamic efficiencies and greenhouse-gas emissions. The technologies considered were multistage flash distillation (MSF), reverse osmosis (RO), and membrane distillation (MD). The analysis was based on published stream data from large-scale operational MSF and RO facilities and experimental-scale data ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seawater desalination using forward osmosis process

    This study aims to evaluate the feasibility of the forward osmosis (FO) process for seawater desalination. The leakage of boron from the seawater into the draw solution was also studied. According to the WHO guideline, the maximum permissible limit of boron in drinking water is 2.4 ppm. Preliminary results of boron rejection by forward osmosis membrane were found to be 60–70%. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seawater desalination — a green technology?

    The need for resource-saving, low-impact “green” desalination technologies is evident as the use of desalination accelerates in many parts of the world. The concept of “best available techniques” (BAT) aims at the identification of state of the art technologies, processes, or methods of operation which indicate the practical suitability for preventing or reducing pollution of the atmosphere, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An overview on nuclear desalination

    One of the peaceful uses of nuclear energy is in freshwater production. The present work focuses on the recent world water situation, large-scale desalination processes, electricity production, and the features required by advanced inherent and passive safe reactors. The relevant economical assessment of these adapted reactors for water-electricity cogeneration have been carried out and compared ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Taking the pressure off desalination

    California-based PAX Pure hopes to offer a new solution to water scarcity with its groundbreaking water purification tool. Developed by Jay Harman and Tom Gielda, PAX Pure technology desalinates and demineralizes water without membranes, moving parts or chemicals. Instead, the technology simply mimics high-altitude conditions. The big challenge with conventional ...


    By Ensia

  • Nuclear desalination with PBMR

    The possibilities of using the high temperature exhaust heat of a Pebble Bed Modular Reactor (PBMR) in desalination processes are considered. An analysis of MED and MSF type desalination processes coupled with a PBMR are studied and a module for the DEEP code is prepared.Keywords: nuclear desalination, PBMR, DEEP, cost ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Brackish water desalination technologies

    This paper classifies various types of water according to their total dissolved salt content. It then discusses various technologies for brackish water desalination and their advantages and disadvantages. These technologies include different thermal processes as well as membrane processes. The thermal processes include Multistage Flash (MSF), Multieffect Distillation (MED) and Vapour Compression ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater desalination for methanex

    Methanex has a large methanol production facility in Punta Arenas, Chile. In this region of the world, fresh water is not available, and the facility requires seawater desalination to provide drinking water and process water. When the facility underwent renovation and expansion of their facilities, Aqua-Chem ICD provided a total of five (5) new Once through Multi-stage Flash plants. The ...

  • Seawater desalination at rabigh refinery

    Background Saudi Aramco’s RABIGH Refinery in Saudi Arabia wanted to install facility for 10000 TPD Seawater Desalination for the industrial use. The facility was supposed to be a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) basis. General project description The joint consortium of SETE & Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical ...

  • The role and importance of nuclear desalination

    Desalination needs energy and saline water as the process raw material. The desalination process where the needed energy is generated by nuclear sources and/or the saline water is supplied from a nuclear installation, such as cooling water from the power unit, is usually called nuclear desalination. Comparing nuclear desalination with alternative water sources in general and to nonnuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable desalination technologies for future

    This paper deals with some aspects concerning the dual objectives of cost-effectiveness and favourable environmental impact of desalination plants, resulting in a sustainable alternative source of fresh water for future needs. These include some case studies on the use of waste heat for the thermal desalination plants, replacement of conventional pre-treatments in membrane plants with cleaner ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tuas Seawater Desalination Plant

    Black & Veatch designed the largest membrane desalination plant in Southeast Asia to help Singapore reach a critical technical milestone in its drive to overcome drinking water supply issues. The island of Singapore is among the world's 20 smallest countries in land area, but is one of the most densely populated. This highly developed city-nation enjoys a tropical climate with abundant rainfall, ...


    By Black & Veatch Corporation

  • Advances in desalination technology

    Seawater desalination has been the cornerstone of the Middle East's water supply strategy since the mid-1950s, and most of the installed desalination capacity is still provided by multistage flash evaporators. But, desalination is changing. In fact, the term "desalination" is no longer limited to seawater applications; desalination technologies are now routinely employed to desalinate brackish ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustainable desalination: environmental approaches

    Abstract The environmental issues of possible concern during construction and operation of desalination plants (mainly large-scale facilities) include impacts that are common to many coastal development projects (e.g. land use and aesthetic impacts), as well as specific impacts associated with the elements of the desalination system and auxiliary infrastructure. In the latter category ...


    By IDE Technologies

  • Seawater desalination technologies

    The distribution of the total water available in various places on the earth is delineated in this paper. This paper discusses various desalination technologies like membrane technology and thermal technology. Membrane technology includes Reverse Osmosis and Nanofiltration, Electrodialysis and Electrodialysis Reversal, whereas thermal technology includes Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) Distillation, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you