desalination unit Articles

  • Environmentally sound desalination at the Perth Seawater Desalination Plant

    AbstractWater scarcity is recognized as a significant problem in Australia and throughout the world. Yet the demand for fresh water continues to grow, driven by the need for drinking water to satisfy the world’s growing population, changing weather patterns, an increasing need for water for agriculture and industry and the concentration of populations in urban areas that lack sufficient fresh ...


    By Energy Recovery Inc

  • Desalination for saudi arabian refinery

    Overview Aquatech is supplying the equipment for two (2) 525 gpm seawater distillation system to Saudi Arabian Oil Company’s Ras Tanura Refinery in Saudi Arabia. General Project Description Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical & Delivery requirements. In general the infrastructure was made capable of ...

  • The role and importance of nuclear desalination

    Desalination needs energy and saline water as the process raw material. The desalination process where the needed energy is generated by nuclear sources and/or the saline water is supplied from a nuclear installation, such as cooling water from the power unit, is usually called nuclear desalination. Comparing nuclear desalination with alternative water sources in general and to nonnuclear ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Advances in desalination technology

    Seawater desalination has been the cornerstone of the Middle East's water supply strategy since the mid-1950s, and most of the installed desalination capacity is still provided by multistage flash evaporators. But, desalination is changing. In fact, the term "desalination" is no longer limited to seawater applications; desalination technologies are now routinely employed to desalinate brackish ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater desalination for methanex

    Methanex has a large methanol production facility in Punta Arenas, Chile. In this region of the world, fresh water is not available, and the facility requires seawater desalination to provide drinking water and process water. When the facility underwent renovation and expansion of their facilities, Aqua-Chem ICD provided a total of five (5) new Once through Multi-stage Flash plants. The ...

  • Seawater desalination at rabigh refinery

    Background Saudi Aramco’s RABIGH Refinery in Saudi Arabia wanted to install facility for 10000 TPD Seawater Desalination for the industrial use. The facility was supposed to be a BOOT (Build Own Operate Transfer) basis. General project description The joint consortium of SETE & Aquatech was successful in meeting the strict guidelines of Technical ...

  • Experimental study of falling film evaporation on horizontal tube bundle for a desalination unit

    The objective of the present research is to experimentally study the effect of the tube configuration and also the effect of the operating conditions on the evaporation rate of the horizontal tube bundle. An experimental test loop was installed and the water spray on a horizontal tube bundle with three nozzles of fan-jet flat nozzle type. The results show that evaporation rate and Nusselt number ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Operating experience of desalination unit coupled to primary coolant system of CIRUS

    CIRUS is a 40 MWth, light water cooled research reactor located at Trombay, Mumbai. The reactor was shut down in 1997 for refurbishment and restarted in 2003. At Bhabha Atomic Research Centre R&D activities on desalination have led to development of desalination technologies based on Multistage Flash (MSF) evaporation, Reverse Osmosis (RO) and Low Temperature Evaporation (LTE). Based on LTE, a 30 ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Desalination pre‐treatment with LFNano

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low‐fouling. membrane systems. The Company leverages the proprietary low‐fouling nanofiltration. (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid. particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, the LFNano ...

  • Sea water desalination for sagunto, Spain

    The Problem The Sagunto locality is situated in the region of the Camp of Morvedre in Spain. In recent years, a strong industrial growth has been anticipated in the zone. This has provoked a growing requirement for water in the Municipal Region of Sagunto. For this situation, the Sagunto Council planed to cover part of the future hydraulic deficit for short and long term with the ...

  • Overview of seawater desalination status and challenges

    Introduction World oceans contain over 97.2% of the planet’s water resources. Because of the high salinity of ocean water and the significant costs associated with seawater desalination most of the global water supply has traditionally come from fresh water sources – groundwater aquifers, rivers and lakes. Today, however, changing climate patterns combined with population ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Feasibility investigation of coupling a desalination prototype functioning by Aero-Evapo-Condensation with solar units

    The rural regions of south Mediterranean countries suffer from problems of drinking water supply. However, the majority of these regions have important resources of brackish salt water. Thus, brackish water desalination on a small scale presents a potential solution to this problem. For this reason, a number of small desalination prototypes are being developed worldwide. Bourouni et al. have ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coupling of MED–TVC with SMART for nuclear desalination

    A nuclear desalination system has been developed through a thermal coupling of the MED–TVC process and SMART – an integral type of advanced reactor producing rated thermal power of 330 MW. The integrated SMART desalination plant is consists of four units of the MED–TVC process to produce 40,000 m³/day of potable water. The number of units varies according to water production demand. The thermal ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A novel super-cooled humidification?dehumidification system driven by thermal vapour compression unit for seawater desalination

    The current study presents the concept of a novel seawater desalination system that is configured by a humidification?dehumidification unit based on the vapour-compression process (HDDTVC). The coupled refrigeration unit employs the thermal compression of vapour by a jet-ejector. The new technical idea of proposed desalination system depends mainly upon the creation of a super-cooled temperature ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mechanical vapour compression desalination plant at Trombay

    Desalination plants based on Mechanical Vapour Compression (MVC) technology are inherently the most thermodynamically efficient. The thermodynamic efficiency of the MVC process is derived from the application of the heat pump principle. A single unit of a two-effect MVC desalination pilot plant of 50 m?/day capacity has recently been commissioned at Trombay, Mumbai. The desalination unit is very ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Innovative seawater intake for reverse osmosis desalination plants

    Seawater desalination plants typically consist of four major unit operations: seawater intake, pretreatment, Reverse Osmosis (RO) stage, and posttreatment and brine discharge. The best way is to go through vertical beach wells, but the increase of the production capacity of the plants built in recent years makes open intake the only solution. These open ocean intakes draw seawater through the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A nuclear option for power and desalination on Madura Island

    Madura Island, which comprises 5.3 thousand square kilometres and is inhabited by 3.1 million people, belongs to the East Java Province of Indonesia. Proximity to the congested Surabaya city-port makes Madura enticing as a place to accommodate the expansion of port facilities and industrial estates operating in Surabaya. Efforts to support industrial development have been made, e.g. in the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Process control in multi-stage flash desalination industry

    Process control is an essential part of the desalination industry that requires to be operated under optimum conditions to increase the lifetime of the plant and reduce the unit product cost. Improved process control is a cost-effective approach to energy conservation and increased process profitability. The Multi-Stage Flash (MSF) plant involves many complicated operations related to steam, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Seawater desalination using reusable type small PWR

    Demand for seawater desalination is increasing, especially in regions such as the Middle East and North Africa, where populations are growing at a high annual rate. If such demand is met by fossil fuel energy, the influence on the environment, such as global warming, cannot be disregarded. Since these regions are behind in their preparedness of social capital infrastructure, such as power ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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