developing countries Articles

  • Developing countries and climate change

    This paper is a discussion of the policies of developing countries in the negotiations on climate change. To most developing countries, this is not considered a major issue (except for OASIS countries) but it was used as an instrument for leveraging their claims for a better distribution of wealth among nations and an increase in Official Development Assistance (ODA). The adoption of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Where Is the Most Water Reuse Taking Place?

    Water reuse is becoming increasingly important as water scarcity becomes prevalent throughout the world. Whether it’s referred to as water reuse, water recycling, water reclamation, or another name, the resulting purified wastewater can be used in many applications, both potable and nonpotable. In some places, water reuse has been slow to catch on, particularly because of the so-called ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Rugged realities in Honduras, developing countries

    The Situation: Around the world, 884 million people do not have access to safe drinking water and 2.5 billion are without adequate sanitation facilities. Every day, nearly 6,000 people who share our planet die from water-related illnesses, and the vast majority are children. On   Roatan Island in Honduras, an influx of inhabitants has increased pollution and rapidly depleted ...

  • Economic Aspects of Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Background: Improved sanitation has been shown to have great impacts on people's health and economy. However, the progress of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on halving the proportion of people without access to clean water and basic sanitation by 2015 has thus far been delayed. One of the reasons for the slow progress is that policy makers, as well as the general public, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Intelligent transport system for developing countries

    Over the years, traffic volumes on roads have increased considerably. Henceforth, traffic congestion continues to worsen producing longer commute times, increased energy consumption and air pollution, besides robbing people of a precious commodity-their time. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have emerged as a worldwide solution to handle these problems. Like any other transportation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biodiversity in industrial research and development: implications for developing countries

    It is ironic that at a time when biodiversity is seriously threatened by habitat destruction and other human activities, biochemical and genetic ("biogenetic") resources discovered in nature make a huge contribution to the global economy. Yet only a minimal share of the benefits accrue to the countries providing these resources. Why is this? This paper seeks reasons in the ways that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Harmful Effects of Arsenic on Human Health

    Arsenic can pose a serious risk to your health. It is very important to detect any traces of it and have it removed from your water as soon as possible. Detecting any potential arsenic contamination in your water can ensure that you have a fresh, trustworthy supply to drink from. If you don’t, these are some of the health risks you could experience. Skin Changes ...

  • Land degradation in developing countries: what is the problem?

    Based on a review of case studies from developing countries this paper argues that global assessments of land degradation should be interpreted with care. On the one hand, degradation is not a linear process that can easily be measured by static parameters. Positive environmental outcomes are often linked to the process of land use intensification, an outcome that depends on an interplay among ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regenerative medicine: new opportunities for developing countries

    There has been a major shift in burden of disease in developing countries. Although traditionally associated with industrialised nations, epidemic levels of non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, now threaten the developing world and are straining health systems that are still struggling with persisting levels of infectious disease. Developing countries ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology patenting takes off in developing countries

    We investigated the levels and patterns of biotechnology patenting in several developing countries by examining patents registered in the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) database. The results showed, firstly, that developing countries have increased their biotechnology patenting during the period with the leading countries demonstrating inventive strengths in this field. Secondly, whereas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enabling knowledge societies in developing countries: the example of genomics

    To address the health needs of developing countries, it is necessary to build and strengthen knowledge societies. By using genomics as an example, we aim to demonstrate that creating effective knowledge societies requires transformative steps and concrete mechanisms. We present four transformative steps towards the development of an expansive outlook regarding equity: developing a global state of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring the receipt of international climate finance by developing countries

    The 2010 Cancun Agreements and 2011 Durban Outcome call for developing countries to register, monitor, and report on support received, and for developed countries to improve their reporting by using more complete climate finance reporting guidelines. Doing so will enable information on climate change finance from developed countries to be matched with information from developing countries. The ...

  • Constraints faced by entrepreneurs in developing countries: a review and assessment

    This paper reviews, summarises and ranks the constraints faced by entrepreneurs in developing countries, from an entrepreneur’s perspective at a macro level. Given that, developing countries face resource constraints for creation of favourable policy environment for entrepreneurs, the policy makers need to prioritise the allocation of their scarce resources. Keeping in consideration this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • International transactions in intellectual property and developing countries

    This paper discusses the international dimension of intellectual property protection with an emphasis on the implications for developing countries. It explores the effects of IPR protection on trade, foreign direct investment, and technology licensing, and reviews empirical evidence in this context. Finally, it discusses how international transactions in intellectual property affect the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Some insights to reinvent industrial strategy in developing countries

    This paper briefly discusses the issues of current globalisation and the growing divergence in competitive performance in the developing world. The paper then considers the case for industrial policy, arguing that government interventions are necessary to overcome market failures in building the technological capabilities required for industrial development.Keywords: globalisation, industrial ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling the policy challenges confronting globalising developing countries

    The article models the policy challenges facing globalising developing countries. Models from the pure theory of international trade, the small open economy model, growth accounting, the Solow-Swan model, the gravity model, models of portfolio diversification and currency crises models are reviewed to distil policy guidelines to promote the globalisation of developing countries. The overriding ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regionalization of models for operational purposes in developing countries: an introduction

    This special edition is a compilation of papers delivered orally at the workshop on regionalization of models for operational purposes in developing countries held during the joint International Association of Hydrological Sciences (IAHS) and International Association of Hydrogeologists (IAH) International Convention in Hyderabad, India during September 2009. The overall theme of the convention ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Potential for integrated risk assessment in a rapidly developing country

    In Kuwait, risk assessment became an issue during the Iraq/lran war when several industrial and other activities became targets for hostile actions. With the torching of the oil-wells in 1991 and the resulting severe air and soil pollution, assessment of the risk was of prime importance. The health impacts and risk assessment were further addressed when the Environmental Protection Council ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Main issues related to CDM: a developing country perspective

    Four years after the Kyoto Protocol was agreed to, issues related to operationalising CDM are yet to be resolved. This paper presents the debate on key CDM issues, namely, those of baselines, additionality, supplementarity, application of the sustainable development criteria and the inclusion of sinks as CDM projects. CDM is compared with other flexible mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overview of solid waste management in economically developing countries

    Recently, protection of public health and of the environment by utilizing proper methods for the management of municipal solid wastes is gaining importance in economically developing countries (DCs). Inefficient collection methods, insufficient coverage of the collection system, combined with improper disposal of municipal solid wastes and contaminated sources of water supply, are major threats ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

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