developing countries Articles

  • Developing countries and climate change

    This paper is a discussion of the policies of developing countries in the negotiations on climate change. To most developing countries, this is not considered a major issue (except for OASIS countries) but it was used as an instrument for leveraging their claims for a better distribution of wealth among nations and an increase in Official Development Assistance (ODA). The adoption of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Intelligent transport system for developing countries

    Over the years, traffic volumes on roads have increased considerably. Henceforth, traffic congestion continues to worsen producing longer commute times, increased energy consumption and air pollution, besides robbing people of a precious commodity-their time. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have emerged as a worldwide solution to handle these problems. Like any other transportation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rugged realities in Honduras, developing countries

    The Situation: Around the world, 884 million people do not have access to safe drinking water and 2.5 billion are without adequate sanitation facilities. Every day, nearly 6,000 people who share our planet die from water-related illnesses, and the vast majority are children. On   Roatan Island in Honduras, an influx of inhabitants has increased pollution and rapidly depleted ...

  • Economic Aspects of Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Background: Improved sanitation has been shown to have great impacts on people's health and economy. However, the progress of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on halving the proportion of people without access to clean water and basic sanitation by 2015 has thus far been delayed. One of the reasons for the slow progress is that policy makers, as well as the general public, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodiversity in industrial research and development: implications for developing countries

    It is ironic that at a time when biodiversity is seriously threatened by habitat destruction and other human activities, biochemical and genetic ("biogenetic") resources discovered in nature make a huge contribution to the global economy. Yet only a minimal share of the benefits accrue to the countries providing these resources. Why is this? This paper seeks reasons in the ways that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Overview of Using Lead Through the History

    Various sources assumed the share of guilt in the fall of the Roman Empire due to the use of the lead pipe, Devonshire colic in the 18th century, poisoning from the addition of lead acetate to wine and pediatric lead poisoning. Not only production but also the use of pottery for centuries caused poisoning among the population. When a piece of pottery covered with lead glaze is not heated enough, ...


    By Lumex Instruments Group

  • Managing nuclear knowledge in a developing country: Pakistan's perspective

    The nuclear technology base in a developing country is relatively much smaller compared to those in the industrialised countries. Thus, nuclear knowledge and its management are of great importance for those countries which are interested in nuclear technology but are still in the development phase. It is neither desirable nor possible to use imported nuclear technology as a black box. It is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global governance of technology: meeting the needs of developing countries

    In 2000, world leaders adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration in which they pledged to halve, by 2015, the proportion of the world's people earning less than a dollar a day, suffering from hunger and unable to obtain safe drinking water. This paper argues that meeting these targets will entail concerted efforts to raise economic productivity in the developing world and to redirect ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustaining development in the GCC countries: the impact of technology transfer

    The failure of conventional development to combat poverty has given rise to the concept of sustainable development. After decades of experience with Western economic models, the non-industrialised countries continue to suffer from inadequate economic stimulus to sustain growth. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries of the Arabian Gulf are newly emerging states intending to obtain developed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Science parks in developing countries: the case of BIORIO in Brazil

    Science parks provide an ideal interface between university and industry, not only for developed countries, but also for developing countries. The biotechnology pole of Rio de Janeiro, discussed after a survey of the main characteristics of science parks, demonstrates this case. In conclusion, ten main necessary conditions for the success of a science park are suggested. These include not only ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The health impacts of climate change and variability in developing countries

    Health is a focus reflecting the combined impacts of climate change on the physical environment, ecosystems, the economic environment and society. Long-term changes in the world's climate may affect many requisites of good health - sufficient food, safe and adequate drinking water and secure dwelling. The current large-scale social and environmental changes mean that we must assign a much higher ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Health biotechnology publishing takes-off in developing countries

    To gain insights into the potentials and characteristics of health biotechnology in developing countries, we carried out an analysis of health biotechnology publications in developing nations that have had some successes in this field. We analysed the patterns of health biotechnology publications of authors from seven developing countries from 1991 to 2002. Our results showed a significant growth ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental quality and reproductive health in developing countries

    Women's reproductive health plays a crucial role in sustaining population health. This is because as women's health improves they are more likely to make healthy choices and promote the health and well–being of their children (Rapport et al., 1998). This paper utilises a sustainability perspective on reproductive health (Subramaniam, 1999). We argue that social and economic factors have direct ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Technology transfer and implementation processes in developing countries

    In their struggle to survive, enterprises in developing countries are rushing to keep abreast with the technological advancements. As the indigenous technological capabilities of developing countries are weak by default, they intend to import technology internationally. Experience showed that, in doing so, a number of obstacles might render the technology acquisition process by them, less ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Will a global warming agreement be fair to developing countries?

    Fairness, or equity, is a major concern of developing countries in negotiating a global agreement on greenhouse gas emission reductions. Operational versions of several equity concepts are analysed in the context of tradeable permits. We find that a global least-cost mitigation strategy is compatible with a variety of equity criteria. Moreover, the more cost-effective the global strategy, the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Main issues related to CDM: a developing country perspective

    Four years after the Kyoto Protocol was agreed to, issues related to operationalising CDM are yet to be resolved. This paper presents the debate on key CDM issues, namely, those of baselines, additionality, supplementarity, application of the sustainable development criteria and the inclusion of sinks as CDM projects. CDM is compared with other flexible mechanisms defined in the Kyoto Protocol. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Houshold Water Treatment in Developing Countries: Ceramic Filtration

    Household water treatment and safe storage (HWTS) interventions are proven to improve water quality and reduce diarrheal disease incidence in developing countries.  Five of these proven HWTS options – chlorination, solar disinfection, ceramic filtration, slow sand filtration, and flocculation/disinfection – are widely implemented in developing countries.  Organizations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Overview of solid waste management in economically developing countries

    Recently, protection of public health and of the environment by utilizing proper methods for the management of municipal solid wastes is gaining importance in economically developing countries (DCs). Inefficient collection methods, insufficient coverage of the collection system, combined with improper disposal of municipal solid wastes and contaminated sources of water supply, are major threats ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Technical implications of the 1987 Montreal Protocol for developing countries

    The 1987 Montreal Protocol, which came into force in 1989 and was subsequently strengthened by the 1990 and 1992 amendments, has profound implications for both developed and developing countries. The implications for developed countries have understandably received and continue to receive considerable attention. However, the implications for technology, industry, training and development, and the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land degradation in developing countries: what is the problem?

    Based on a review of case studies from developing countries this paper argues that global assessments of land degradation should be interpreted with care. On the one hand, degradation is not a linear process that can easily be measured by static parameters. Positive environmental outcomes are often linked to the process of land use intensification, an outcome that depends on an interplay among ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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