developing countries Articles

  • Developing countries and climate change

    This paper is a discussion of the policies of developing countries in the negotiations on climate change. To most developing countries, this is not considered a major issue (except for OASIS countries) but it was used as an instrument for leveraging their claims for a better distribution of wealth among nations and an increase in Official Development Assistance (ODA). The adoption of renewable ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Intelligent transport system for developing countries

    Over the years, traffic volumes on roads have increased considerably. Henceforth, traffic congestion continues to worsen producing longer commute times, increased energy consumption and air pollution, besides robbing people of a precious commodity-their time. Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS) have emerged as a worldwide solution to handle these problems. Like any other transportation ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Rugged realities in Honduras, developing countries

    The Situation: Around the world, 884 million people do not have access to safe drinking water and 2.5 billion are without adequate sanitation facilities. Every day, nearly 6,000 people who share our planet die from water-related illnesses, and the vast majority are children. On   Roatan Island in Honduras, an influx of inhabitants has increased pollution and rapidly depleted ...

  • Economic Aspects of Sanitation in Developing Countries

    Background: Improved sanitation has been shown to have great impacts on people's health and economy. However, the progress of achieving the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) on halving the proportion of people without access to clean water and basic sanitation by 2015 has thus far been delayed. One of the reasons for the slow progress is that policy makers, as well as the general public, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biodiversity in industrial research and development: implications for developing countries

    It is ironic that at a time when biodiversity is seriously threatened by habitat destruction and other human activities, biochemical and genetic ("biogenetic") resources discovered in nature make a huge contribution to the global economy. Yet only a minimal share of the benefits accrue to the countries providing these resources. Why is this? This paper seeks reasons in the ways that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Global governance of technology: meeting the needs of developing countries

    In 2000, world leaders adopted the United Nations Millennium Declaration in which they pledged to halve, by 2015, the proportion of the world's people earning less than a dollar a day, suffering from hunger and unable to obtain safe drinking water. This paper argues that meeting these targets will entail concerted efforts to raise economic productivity in the developing world and to redirect ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sustaining development in the GCC countries: the impact of technology transfer

    The failure of conventional development to combat poverty has given rise to the concept of sustainable development. After decades of experience with Western economic models, the non-industrialised countries continue to suffer from inadequate economic stimulus to sustain growth. The Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries of the Arabian Gulf are newly emerging states intending to obtain developed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Science parks in developing countries: the case of BIORIO in Brazil

    Science parks provide an ideal interface between university and industry, not only for developed countries, but also for developing countries. The biotechnology pole of Rio de Janeiro, discussed after a survey of the main characteristics of science parks, demonstrates this case. In conclusion, ten main necessary conditions for the success of a science park are suggested. These include not only ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The health impacts of climate change and variability in developing countries

    Health is a focus reflecting the combined impacts of climate change on the physical environment, ecosystems, the economic environment and society. Long-term changes in the world's climate may affect many requisites of good health - sufficient food, safe and adequate drinking water and secure dwelling. The current large-scale social and environmental changes mean that we must assign a much higher ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Health biotechnology publishing takes-off in developing countries

    To gain insights into the potentials and characteristics of health biotechnology in developing countries, we carried out an analysis of health biotechnology publications in developing nations that have had some successes in this field. We analysed the patterns of health biotechnology publications of authors from seven developing countries from 1991 to 2002. Our results showed a significant growth ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Environmental quality and reproductive health in developing countries

    Women's reproductive health plays a crucial role in sustaining population health. This is because as women's health improves they are more likely to make healthy choices and promote the health and well–being of their children (Rapport et al., 1998). This paper utilises a sustainability perspective on reproductive health (Subramaniam, 1999). We argue that social and economic factors have direct ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Technology transfer and implementation processes in developing countries

    In their struggle to survive, enterprises in developing countries are rushing to keep abreast with the technological advancements. As the indigenous technological capabilities of developing countries are weak by default, they intend to import technology internationally. Experience showed that, in doing so, a number of obstacles might render the technology acquisition process by them, less ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Will a global warming agreement be fair to developing countries?

    Fairness, or equity, is a major concern of developing countries in negotiating a global agreement on greenhouse gas emission reductions. Operational versions of several equity concepts are analysed in the context of tradeable permits. We find that a global least-cost mitigation strategy is compatible with a variety of equity criteria. Moreover, the more cost-effective the global strategy, the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Land degradation in developing countries: what is the problem?

    Based on a review of case studies from developing countries this paper argues that global assessments of land degradation should be interpreted with care. On the one hand, degradation is not a linear process that can easily be measured by static parameters. Positive environmental outcomes are often linked to the process of land use intensification, an outcome that depends on an interplay among ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Regenerative medicine: new opportunities for developing countries

    There has been a major shift in burden of disease in developing countries. Although traditionally associated with industrialised nations, epidemic levels of non-communicable diseases, such as diabetes, cardiovascular diseases and cancer, now threaten the developing world and are straining health systems that are still struggling with persisting levels of infectious disease. Developing countries ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Biotechnology patenting takes off in developing countries

    We investigated the levels and patterns of biotechnology patenting in several developing countries by examining patents registered in the US Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) database. The results showed, firstly, that developing countries have increased their biotechnology patenting during the period with the leading countries demonstrating inventive strengths in this field. Secondly, whereas ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Enabling knowledge societies in developing countries: the example of genomics

    To address the health needs of developing countries, it is necessary to build and strengthen knowledge societies. By using genomics as an example, we aim to demonstrate that creating effective knowledge societies requires transformative steps and concrete mechanisms. We present four transformative steps towards the development of an expansive outlook regarding equity: developing a global state of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Monitoring the receipt of international climate finance by developing countries

    The 2010 Cancun Agreements and 2011 Durban Outcome call for developing countries to register, monitor, and report on support received, and for developed countries to improve their reporting by using more complete climate finance reporting guidelines. Doing so will enable information on climate change finance from developed countries to be matched with information from developing countries. The ...

  • Constraints faced by entrepreneurs in developing countries: a review and assessment

    This paper reviews, summarises and ranks the constraints faced by entrepreneurs in developing countries, from an entrepreneur’s perspective at a macro level. Given that, developing countries face resource constraints for creation of favourable policy environment for entrepreneurs, the policy makers need to prioritise the allocation of their scarce resources. Keeping in consideration this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • International transactions in intellectual property and developing countries

    This paper discusses the international dimension of intellectual property protection with an emphasis on the implications for developing countries. It explores the effects of IPR protection on trade, foreign direct investment, and technology licensing, and reviews empirical evidence in this context. Finally, it discusses how international transactions in intellectual property affect the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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