diesel air quality impact Articles

  • Air–quality impact of PM10 emission in urban centres

    This paper calculates a detailed inventory of PM10 emissions in the urban area of Mendoza, Argentina, and evaluates the impact of such emissions by using the CALPUFF dispersion program. It includes direct and indirect emissions from mobile sources; emissions from industrial sources and fugitive emissions from unpaved road and dust production from bare land. The main results show the relevance of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban Air Quality Management

    ' Poor air quality due to pollution is a serious environmental problem in most urban areas. The greatest burden of pollution is on human health. Urban air quality management requires an integrated approach that (i) identifies the most serious problems and measures that offer cost-effective and feasible solutions across a range of economic sectors and pollution sources including industries, ...


    By The World Bank

  • A quantitative approach to the traffic air quality problem: the traffic air quality index

    The Traffic Air Quality (TAQ) model is a simple tool to estimate traffic fine particulate emissions on roadways (g/km) and can be used for both real-time analysis and for localized conformity analysis (“hot-spot” analysis for nonattainment areas) as defined by 40 CFR 93.123. This paper is a follow-up to a study published earlier regarding the development of the TAQ model. This paper shows how ...

  • Air quality in Europe - 2014 report

    Despite considerable improvements in the past decades, Europe is still far from achieving levels of air quality that do not pose unacceptable risks to humans and the environment. Air pollution is the top environmental risk factor of premature death in Europe; it increases the incidence of a wide range of diseases and has several environmental impacts, damaging vegetation and ecosystems. This ...

  • 2013: a ‘perfect storm’ in air quality

    As many countries fail to meet air quality targets and large numbers of premature deaths still result from air pollution, Jim Mills, a particulate monitoring specialist and Managing Director of Air Monitors, explains why 2013 will be a pivotal year. In November 2011 Janez Potočnik, European Commissioner for the Environment, expressed his determination to make 2013 the ‘Year of ...


    By Air Monitors Ltd.

  • Urban Air Quality Forum to Focus on Environmental Impacts of Fuel Choices in Developing Countries

    When chemist Miriam Lev-On, Ph.D., recently visited Agra, India, she toured the region and viewed the grandeur of the Taj Mahal—the 17th Century mausoleum that is one of the world's most celebrated monuments. But as memorable as the Taj Mahal ...


  • Air quality model simulating photochemical formation of pollutants: the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area, Brazil

    The main sources of ozone precursors in the atmosphere of the Sao Paulo Metropolitan Area (SPMA) in Brazil are emissions from gasoline-, ethanol-, and diesel-powered vehicles. Ozone is a significant air quality problem in the SPMA. To come into compliance with the National Ambient Air quality Standard for Ozone, emission reduction policies must be established. An adequate emissions inventory and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing the impact of particulate matter sources in the Milan urban area

    The Chemical Mass Balance (CMB) receptor model of the US-EPA was applied to PM10 data obtained during a field study performed in the Milan urban area, including daily average concentrations, element and ion concentrations. Two chemical fingerprints were estimated to characterise total traffic emissions and diesel engine exhaust emissions. Four main source groups were identified: road traffic, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Implementing QALYs in the Analysis of Air Pollution Regulations

    In recent years, there has been growing interest in cost-effectiveness analysis for environmental regulations using quality-adjusted life years as the measure of effectiveness. This paper explores the implications of the QALY approach for measuring the impacts of air pollution regulations, with an example using the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Heavy Duty Engine/Diesel Fuel regulations. ...


    By Springer

  • Status of black carbon monitoring in ambient air in Europe

    Black carbon (BC) is increasingly discussed in science and environmental policy areas as an example of an air pollutant that affects both human health and contributes to climate change (e.g. WHO, 2012; UNEP/WMO, 2011; Bond et al., 2013; IPCC, 2013). In order to be able to make comparable measurements of BC in ambient air and to relate BC monitoring to health impacts and climate change it is ...

  • New NO2 air standards prove technically challenging

    On February 9, 2010, the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) established a new National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS) for nitrogen dioxide (NO2). The new NO2 NAAQS is a one-hour standard set at 100 parts per billion (ppb), which is approximately 188 micrograms per cubic meter (μg/m3). Effective on April 12, 2010, the new one-hour standard is intended to protect against peak ...


    By Trinity Consultants

  • Composting releases less air pollution than previously thought - study

    A new study funded by the California Integrated Waste Board (CIWMB) indicates that well-managed composting of green waste and food waste releases significantly less air pollution than previously thought. The study also demonstrates that a relatively inexpensive management technique - covering active compost piles with a layer of finished compost - may lower air emissions even further, by as ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Traffic emission effects on ambient air pollution by PM2.5–related PAH in Upper Silesia, Poland

    The ambient concentration of particle–bound polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) was investigated in two industrial towns in Upper Silesia, Poland. The 24 h samples of PM2.5 (particles with aerodynamic diameter ≤ 2.5 µm) were collected simultaneously at busy roads (or crossroads) and at an urban background site. Additionally, the samples were collected during the heaviest traffic density (rush ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Clearing the Air: Reducing upstream Greenhouse Gas Emissions from U.S. Natural Gas Systems

    Key findings: 1) Fugitive methane emissions from natural gas systems represent a significant source of global warming pollution in the U.S. Reductions in methane emissions are urgently needed as part of the broader effort to slow the rate of global temperature rise. 2) Cutting methane leakage rates from natural gas systems to less than 1 percent of total production would ensure that the climate ...

  • On the effect of a global adoption of various fractions of biodiesel on key species in the troposphere

    Biodiesel use is being promoted worldwide as a green alternative to conventional diesel. A global three-dimensional chemistry transport model is employed to investigate the impact on air quality and global tropospheric composition of adopting biodiesel as a fractional component of diesel use. Five global simulations are conducted where emission changes of hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Is `Dark Fuel` the same as `Bad Fuel` and can I still use it?

    Algae-X FAQ’sIs 'Dark Fuel' the same as 'Bad Fuel' and can I still use it?This is a question many of us have asked more than once. And what we really want to know is: 'Will the stuff damage my engines?' Engines are expensive, ruining an engine is costly and operating an engine on 'bad fuel' is not wise. We all know that most engine failures start in the fuel tank. When all mechanical parts ...


    By AXI International

  • High Tech Environmental Vehicles for High Tech Environmental Equipment Supplier

    Here is a conundrum. What do you do if you are a leading environmental monitoring technology supply firm, specialising in air quality monitoring, and your single biggest environmental impact comes from your own fleet of company vehicles? The problem is compounded when you factor in your large team of field service engineers travelling the length and breadth of the UK and your ISO 14001 ...

  • Case Study - Plains All American Pipeline Company (Plains)

    Principal Client Services: CEQA/NEPA Air Quality Water Quality Toxic Materials Mitigation Measure Implementation Permitting E2 has provided environmental consulting services to Plains All American Pipeline Company (Plains) and predecessors Pacific Energy Partners and ARCO Pipeline for over a decade. Activities have covered broad areas from ...


    By E2 ManageTech

  • Biodiesel fuel for transportation: Status and issues in the United States

    The United States consumed 3.39 billion barrels of gasoline, 1.54 billion barrels of diesel fuel, and 0.59 billion barrels of jet fuel in 2007. And it currently imports 3.66 billion barrels of oil and petroleum products per year, 65% of US consumption, compared to 1.71 billion barrels (or 36%) 20 years ago. To address the growing gap between petroleum consumption and domestic production, the US ...

  • Technological solutions and behavioural change needed to decarbonise transport

    While the transport sector contributes significantly to society and the economy it also can cause substantial adverse impacts on the environment, global climate and human health. A new report by the European Environment Agency (EEA) analyses key environmental trends with a view to identifying what has improved and what has hampered the past performance of the transport sector. The transport ...

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