diffused aeration Articles

  • The principles of aeration and mixing utilizing process aerator technology

    Aeration and mixing are necessary elements for aerobic biological wastewater treatment processes to maintain a healthy, stabilized biological population and thus, insure optimal treatment of the wastewater assuming there is adequate contact time and substrate available. In the design of wastewater treatment plants, aeration typically involves supply of both oxygen and mixing. Aeration is a large ...

  • Assessment of diffuser pressure loss on WWTPs in Baden-Württemberg

    Aeration of activated sludge is a critical treatment step for the operation of activated sludge plants. To achieve a cost effective treatment process, assessing and benchmarking of aeration system performance are important measures. A simple means of gauging the relative condition of a fine bubble diffused aeration system is to evaluate the pressure loss of the diffusers as oxygen transfer tests ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of polishing of the effluent from UASB reactor by diffusers

    Effluents from bench scale 56 L upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor and four UASB based sewage treatment plants (STPs) of capacities ranging from 27 ML/d to 70 ML/d were aerated in batch as well as in continuous mode of operation. The process was monitored by measuring temporal trend in Oxidation Reduction Potential (ORP), dissolved oxygen (DO), chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • My diffuser goes up to eleven, actually twelve

    Abstract Fine pore membrane diffusers arc used extensively worldwide for aeration of activated sludge basins. Aeration can account for as much as 60% of a plant's energy usage (Rosso, et al. 2005). Pore fouling and membrane material degradation can reduce energy efficiency of fine pore membrane diffusers to 50% of the original efficiency after just a few years of operation. Tins work ...


    By Aquaconsult Anlagenbau GmbH

  • Oxygen Transfer in a Biological Aerated Filter

    The City of San Diego (City) operates the Point Loma Wastewater Treatment Plant (PLWTP) which can normally treat up to 240 million gallons per day (MGD) of chemically enhanced primary treated (CEPT) effluent for ocean disposal. The City wanted to understand the performance capabilities of Biological Aerated Filters (BAFs) in treating CEPT effluent to secondary standards. To this end, the City ...

  • Wastewater lagoons – a new aeration concept

    The use of wastewater treatment lagoons, or stabilization ponds, is a common practice for rural municipalities and industrial facilities. Through the years there have been numerous designs for these ‘sludge settling basins,’ ranging from facultative, partial aerated, and fully aerated systems. But the primary reason for these systems is to utilize relatively shallow earthen ponds, or ...


    By Reliant Water Technologies

  • Aerators Enhance Aerobic Digestion Process

    The city of Eden,N.C.,operates an extended aeration process designed for an average flow rate of 13.5 mgd with a mixed liquor suspended solids concentration that typically checks in about 6,000 mg/l. This high biomass concentration is necessary to provide a well-settling sludge and good effluent quality. Further, the plant influent is approximately 40% domestic wastewater and 60% industrial ...


    By S & N Airoflo, Inc.

  • Full scale evaluation of diffuser ageing with clean water oxygen transfer tests

    Aeration is a crucial part of the biological wastewater treatment in activated sludge systems and the main energy user of WWTPs. Approximately 50 to 60% of the total energy consumption of a WWTP can be attributed to the aeration system. The performance of the aeration system, and in the case of fine bubble diffused aeration the diffuser performance, has a significant impact on the overall plant ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alpha Factors in Full-Scale Wastewater Aeration Systems

    ABSTRACTSurface active agents depress gas transfer at gas-liquid interfaces. They are present as measurable trace contaminants at all environmental and at most industrial gas-liquid interfaces. This paper presents the results of several studies, including lab and full scale studies that show the depression of gas transfer, usually quantified by the alpha factor, can be related to the Reynolds ...

  • Performance of UASB based sewage treatment plant in India: polishing by diffusers an alternative

    In India, recently, upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) based sewage treatment plants (STPs) have come up in a big way. Sequence adopted: screens- grit chambers- UASB reactors followed by one-day detention ponds (DP). Performance of DPs located at five STPs (27–70 ML/d) was evaluated over a period of one year from July 2004 to July 2005. The installation of these non-algal ponds reduced land ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A perfect pair: SBR designs & advanced aeration technology

    Conventional sequencing batch reactors (SBRs) that utilize diffused-air networks have existed in the U.S. for about three decades now. The reliability of controls and instrumentation has significantly improved in the last 10 to 15 years, and as a result, SBR plant designs are becoming more widely accepted. The attractiveness of their compact layout and ease of operation has also helped increase ...

  • Revenue losses averted with Aire-O2® aerators

    The AIRE-O2® aerators maintain good effluent dissolved oxygen residuals Problem In December of 1987, this paper and board mill developed a load problem requiring immediate action: improve wastewater treatment efficiencies fast or slow down mill production to prevent a discharge violation. A slow down would result in significant revenue loss. The southern USA mill’s superintendent said, ...

  • What are the parameters of an extended-aeration activated-sludge system?

    The activated sludge process is the most widely used biological water and wastewater treatment. As is well known, by its means, suspended-growth microorganisms are applied to breakdown wastes. Aeration, the mixing of air and a liquid, is the means used to speed the reactions involved. Aeration methods include spraying the liquid into the air; diffusing air into the liquid or agitating the liquid ...

  • Case study - Aeration ditch upgrade exceeds expectations

    Triton Process Aerators Meets Future Nitrogen Permit Regulations When the a Pennsylvania Sewer Authority was researching methods to improve the dissolved oxygen levels in its wastewater treatment plant’s oxidation ditches in 2001, they decided to totally replace its aging brush rotor system. They replaced the rotors with the  ...

  • Case study - Cheese manufacturer gets aeration upgrade

    Largest Cheese Manufacturer in the UK Gets Aeration Upgrade Dairy Crest Davidstow Creamery in Camelford is the largest cheddar cheese manufacturer in the UK. The process of collecting and processing milk is a 24/7 operation, generating effluent round the clock and needing to be treated and disposed of continuously. Effluent from the cheese-making process contains high fat content and ...

  • Improving Efficiency and Reducing Energy and Maintenance Costs in Aeration Systems

    Energy costs for operating an aeration system in a biological wastewater treatment plant often times exceeds 75% of the total energy costs for the plant. Adding in blower and diffuser maintenance costs, Aeration Systems are easily the most costly portion of the treatment process, many times consuming so many resources that other parts of the plant may not be properly maintained or operated. By ...

  • Floating Horizontal Aerators Enhance Eufaula, Alabama Activated Sludge Plant

    The Eufaula, Alabama, wastewater treatment plant (WWTP) is an extended aeration activated sludge facility designed for an average daily flow rate of 2.7 million gallons per day (mgd). Prior to February, 2005 this WWTP used vertical aerators to provide oxygen and mixing in its aerator basins. The plant has two aeration basins, each 1.87 million gallons in volume, which had 160 horsepower (hp) of ...


    By S & N Airoflo, Inc.

  • In Situ Local Parameter Measurements for CFD Modeling to Optimize Aeration

    ABSTRACTMeasurement methods to determine in situ local parameters were developed, in order to optimize design and operating parameters impacting oxygen transfer in aeration tanks equipped with EDPM membrane diffusers and slow speed mixers. New tools to measure bubble sizes and gas hold-ups were coupled with the traditional ones used to determine liquid velocities and oxygen transfer coefficients. ...

  • Case study - KLa Slot Injector™ Aeration System For CFAS Process

    Project Name: Touch Panel Manufacturing Plant Wastewater Treatment Location: Tainan Science-Based Industrial Park, Taiwan Type of Bio-Process: CFAS Aeration/Mixing Technology: KLa Slot Injector System Operational Since: July, 2011 The Challenge The plant manufactures ...


    By KLa Systems, Inc.

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