digital electrode Articles

  • pH Electrode Architecture

    A pH Electrode can be compared to a battery in that an electrical voltage is generated between two points that is a function of water chemistry. In the case of a pH electrode the voltage potential is a function of the acidity or alkalinity of the solution in which it is immersed. Note: The terms pH electrodes and pH probes are often used synonymously, despite the fact that there are differences. ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Measure pH, conductivity, oxygen with HQD

    After just a short time, the HQD digital electrochemical measuring system has already established itself in practice. Both in the laboratory, with standard electrodes, and in the field, with rugged outdoor electrodes.  On the following pages, users describe their experience with the HQD system. Their experiences show that the system covers a wide range of applications, including direct ...


  • A Low-Cost Electrolytic Tiltmeter for Measuring Slope Deformation

    The tiltmeter described consists of an electrolytic sensor (a glass jar containing an electrolyte and six electrodes) and a portable AC digital conductivity meter, which reads conductivity changes resulting from tilting deflections. The tiltmeter has a sensitivity of 2 to 8 min of arc/cmu (conductivity meter unit), with a measurement range of more than 45°. This tiltmeter measured earth flow ...


    By ASTM International

  • Why You Should Replace Your Fluorescent T8 Bulbs

    Fluorescent light bulbs are, for many of us, an almost nostalgic part of life. From that crackling fluorescent tube above our old kitchen stove to the almost paralyzing white light that illuminated every corner of our classrooms and office building floors, fluorescent lights have been practically everywhere for the past 80 years. The first developments in arc tube lighting trace as far back as ...


    By Forest Lighting USA

  • Removal of clomazone herbicide from a synthetic effluent by electrocoagulation

    The aim of this work was to investigate the kinetics of removal of clomazone herbicide from an aqueous solution by electrocoagulation. The experiments were performed in a cylindrical batch reactor with six aluminum electrodes in monopolar mode, arranged in series and connected to a digital DC power. The aqueous solution (tap water + clomazone) with initial pH close to 7.9 was always treated at ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring the nitrification and identifying the endpoint of ammonium oxidation by using a novel system of titrimetry

    Based on the structure of the hybrid respirometer previously developed in our group, a novel implementation for titrimetry was developed, in which two pH electrodes were installed at the inlet and outlet of the measuring cell. The software capable of digital filtering and titration time delay correction was developed in LabVIEW. The hardware and software of the titrimeter and the respirometer ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Is your Plant as tight as you think? Leak Detector for extremely toxic Gases, a Field Test Report

    Leak detection of commodity gases in chemical plants is a day-to-day practice. The sensor technology available for this application is field proven and reliable. No question about it, existing sensors will do the job. However, in plants manufacturing or handling extremely toxic substances, the picture is different. For example, take phosgene. The existing sensor technology for leak detection ...

  • ITS marketing manager quoted in WaterTech

    Professional, ethical testing will start you off on the right foot and will directly determine which services the customer may need. Many substances could be in a customer’s water, but, “It’s not necessary to test for every parameter; that’s what labs are for,” advises Rob Samborn, director of sales and marketing for HM Digital, a Los Angeles-based maker of water ...

  • Tech update: Plant instrumentation - food engineering

    Sensors and other devices are the foot soldiers in automation architecture, but most food and beverage manufacturers still are looking for full value. You know an equipment category has arrived when it starts getting its own industry-specific center. For the food production sensors that do the heavy lifting in instrumentation technology, that day could arrive earlier rather than ...


    By Hardy Process Solutions

  • Wet electrostatic precipitators: A preferred technology for emission control

    The basic science behind electrostatic precipitators is as familiar and as simple as static cling. But today, this elemental force has been harnessed to a technology that is helping to remove millions of tons of toxic chemicals from our atmosphere; saving billions of dollars annually in pollution-related physical damage; and averting costly impacts on health and mortality rates for millions of ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • pH Probe Maintenance

    The success or failure of pH measurement depends on the proper application of the probe and proper subsequent maintenance of the probe. The procedures described within apply to the most common pH probe in use today and that is the flat surface combination pH probe. The most common failure mode associated with pH probes is breakage. The pH electrode is a very thin glass membrane that is easily ...


    By Digital Analysis Corp.

  • Emerging Trends In UV Disinfection For Water Treatment

    Introduction The UV disinfection industry has experienced tremendous growth over the last 20 years.  The development of new UV technologies over this period has been a perfect example of an industry investing to meet market demand – in this case demand for an effective, low cost, and environmentally friendly disinfection technology.  The acceptance of UV disinfection at water plants ...

  • Advanced WESP designs assure superior gas cleaning performance

    Nowadays, many industries are facing formidable environmental challenges and there is a growing need for effective, economical gas cleaning and air pollution control equipment. Michael Beltran of Beltran Technologies, Inc. reports on a renewed interest in high-efficiency wet electrostatic precipitators (WESPs) and discusses their importance for controlling sulphuric acid mists and other ...


    By Beltran Technologies, Inc.

  • Case study: Chevron - Intel gained from Aquatrack avoids a multi-million dollar problem

    Introduction Chevron didn’t become one of the world’s largest and most respected energy companies by following others; they got there by blazing their own trail. With their corporate commitment to being a responsible and environmentally friendly company, Chevron stands apart from their competitors by being open to new ideas. Chevron developed a new technique for ...


    By Willowstick Technologies LLC

  • Boiler Dissolved Oxygen Control

    DISSOLVED OXYGEN CHEMISTRY Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is a measure of the amount of oxygen, usually thought of as a gas, that is dissolved in a liquid such as water. Oxygen is essential to life and is also the most common element found taking part in corrosion reactions. DO can be thought of as the fuel needed for the corrosion process to proceed. It is the corrosion reactions that necessitate ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Brüel & Kjær accelerometers - 65 years of excellence

    The Thirties Already before the two young engineers Per V. Brüel and Viggo Kjær graduated as Masters of Electrical Engineering in 1939, they had decided to start a company together. However, they felt it was necessary to learn more and get some practical experience before actually going ahead, so P.V. Brüel became assistant to professor P.O. Pedersen in the newly created ...

  • Advanced Water Quality Techniques Course

    Abstract:The development of a strategic water quality monitoring program is based on prioritizing risks to public safety and economic reality. The development of global standardized methods and protocols for automated water quality monitoring would facilitate international communication of water quality information and comparison of standardized methods and protocols. The three primary methods ...


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