digital terrain modeling Articles

  • An SRTM-based Procedure to Delineate SOTER Terrain Units on 1:1 and 1:5 Million Scales

    The users and developers of the SOTER database have accumulated many suggestions for improvement of the Soil and TERrain (SOTER) Procedure Manual since the last Manual was published in 1995. Meanwhile, new technology and data sources have become available for database development. Digital soil mapping technology advances very fast and provides many new quantitative approaches for surveyors of ...


  • Erosion index derived from terrain attributes using logistic regression and neural networks

    Maps identifying areas prone to channel erosion within agricultural fields could be useful for conservation planners. The objective of this study was to test an approach for creating such maps with logistic regression and neural networks. Survey grade elevation measurements were obtained from on a Central Kentucky farm. The elevation measurements were used to create 4 by 4-m digital elevation ...

  • An SRTM-based procedure to delineate SOTER terrain units on 1:1 and 1:5 million scales

    Soil data of various scales is needed to well manage our agricultural and environmental resources. On the European level soil information is used for crop monitoring, yield forecasting, agricultural planning, feasibility studies for rural development, natural hazards forecasting, such as floods and landslides or slowly acting processes such as erosion, acidification and other types of chemical, ...


  • Erosion index derived from terrain attributes using logistic regression and neural networks

    Maps identifying areas prone to channel erosion within agricultural fields could be useful for conservation planners. The objective of this study was to test an approach for creating such maps with logistic regression and neural networks. Survey grade elevation measurements were obtained from on a Central Kentucky farm. The elevation measurements were used to create 4 by 4-m digital elevation ...

  • A method for extracting drainage networks with heuristic information from digital elevation models

    Depression filling and direction assignment over flat areas are critical issues in hydrologic analysis. This paper proposes a method to handle depressions and flat areas in one procedure. Being different from the traditional raster neighbourhoods processing with little heuristic information, the method is designed to compensate for the inadequate searching information of other methods. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effects of model schematisation, geometry and parameter values on urban flood modelling

    One-dimensional (1D) hydrodynamic models have been used as a standard industry practice for urban flood modelling work for many years. More recently, however, model formulations have included a 1D representation of the main channels and a 2D representation of the floodplains. Since the physical process of describing exchanges of flows with the floodplains can be represented in different ways, the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydraulic modeling trends in 2003

    It is traditional as a New Year dawns to review the old year and draw some conclusions. Not to be left out, we asked a number of our industry experts to reflect on key developments in their area of specialism based on their observation of the activities and issues facing users around the world during 2003. We cover in turn each of our key areas – Collection Systems, Water Supply, River Systems, ...


    By Innovyze

  • Modeling the Configuration of Breaches to Flood Defenses

    Introduction Engineers are nowadays expected to not only be skilled in technical matters, preparing calculations and designs, but also to know far more about risk analysis than ever before. In almost all aspects of engineering, risk analyses are now commonplace, with many of the design codes used based on statistical analyses. In the fields of river and coastal engineering it is nowadays expected ...


    By Innovyze

  • Modeling overland flows in InfoWorks CS

    A new tool within InfoWorks CS v7.5 enables the presentation of flood depths within the bounds of a polygon, otherwise known as a flood compartment. The flood level can be extended throughout the boundaries of the compartment, allowing it to be matched against a ground model to calculate flood depth. The new tool does not alter the way in which flood calculations are undertaken, it is instead a ...


    By Innovyze

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different approaches for modelling of sewer caused urban flooding

    The correct prediction of flooding in urban areas is an important challenge to secure the values and fulfil public regulations. Traditional sewer simulations deliver the basic information for a rudimental flood protection, but the interaction between sewer and surface runoff can only be considered by a bi-directional modelling. Therefore detailed information about the relevant structures on the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Modeling trends highlight operational benefits

    Untitled Document As the accuracy of models increases, their value as an operational support tool is also growing, and an exciting key trend is for them to be used for this purpose as ...


    By Innovyze

  • A 3-D wind and temperature pre-processor for ATD models

    Many atmospheric transport and dispersion models, based on various approaches and applied to different spatial scales, need 3-D meteorological fields referred to regular grid systems. Data generally available, however, cannot be directly employed because of their irregularities, inconsistencies, insufficient spatial detail or inadequate terrain representation. To fill the gap between these input ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evolution of an integrated 1D/2D modeling package for urban drainage

    Introduction: Recent flooding events in North America have revealed deficiencies in existing stormwater infrastructure and management practices. The development of effective and efficient designs requires a comprehensive understanding of flooding in urban areas and complex open channel and overland flow systems. Traditional one dimensional (1D) models are used to simulate flow in river ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Enhanced DEM-based flow path delineation methods for urban flood modelling

    In order to simulate surface runoff and flooding, one-dimensional (1D) overland flow networks can be automatically delineated using digital elevation models (DEM). The resulting network comprises flow paths and terrain depressions/ponds and is essential to reliably model pluvial (surface) flooding events in urban areas by so-called 1D/1D models. Conventional automatic DEM-based flow path ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Integrating GIS and Hydraulic Modelling in Urban and Rural Applications

    Overview In the UK, numerical Hydraulic Modelling of the urban environment, water networks and rivers plays a vital role in providing the UK Water Industry with solutions for protecting the environment, meeting UK Government and European Regulations, meeting OPEX and CAPEX business targets, and improving the efficiency of Water Companies in managing their assets. Similarly, the UK water ...


    By Innovyze

  • InfoWorks WS aids Hunter Water’s model aspirations

    Specialist water and wastewater services provider Hunter Water Corporation purchased InfoWorks WS in 2009 to enable advanced real-time modeling of its water networks. Its experience of building complex models from basics has been extremely positive, with the process being made considerably easier than anticipated by the solution’s powerful data import, inferencing and operational tools. ...


    By Innovyze

  • A methodology for processing raw LiDAR data to support urban flood modelling framework

    An assessment has been carried out to study the performance of seven different LiDAR filtering algorithms and to evaluate their suitability for urban flood modelling applications. It was found that none of these algorithms can be regarded as fully suitable to support such work in its present form. The paper presents the augmentation of an existing Progressive Morphological filtering algorithm for ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using GIS to Build Hydraulic Models Faster

    The use of hydraulic models, already widespread, continues to grow rapidly.  Modeling is used increasingly all around the world to address planning and operational issues in water supply networks, collection systems, and river management. Much of this growth results from the rapid advances in the capabilities of the best of the hydraulic modeling software solutions, which constantly improve ...


    By Innovyze

  • Generating meshes for tidal wetland modeling using light detection and ranging (LiDAR) data

    A high resolution model mesh was required to numerically simulate sediment transport in tidal marshes. The timing of flooding is dependent on the tidal marsh ground elevation, which requires accurate topographic elevation data. The tidal prism of the marsh is determined by the volume provided by tidal channels in the system. Hence, their location and bathymetry needed to be represented ...


    By IWA Publishing

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