directional wave measurement Articles

  • TDS-3: making waves

    It is hard to imagine that an instrument weighing only 2 oz could make ripples in the water industry. The pocket-sized TDS-3 meter from HM Digital, however, is doing just that. After less than a decade on the U.S. market, this meter has become one of the most popular handheld TDS meters for water professionals. HM Digital attributes the success of this meter to its high quality, features, and the ...


    By HM Digital, Inc.

  • Comparison of Directional WaveGuide Radar with Directional WaveRider Buoy

    Abstract Down looking FMCW radars for measuring water level, tides and wave height have been in use for 25 years. A combination of three down looking FMCW radars, mounted on an o↵ shore location, can be used to accurately measure ocean wave height and wave direction. At locations where an o↵shore mounting construction is readily available, the major advantage of this relatively ...


    By Radac BV

  • WorldWaves wave energy resource assessments from the deep ocean to the coast

    Abstract WorldWaves is a global wave and wind climate package developed through EU and industry sponsorship over many years. The offshore data incorporates global hindcast and operational wave and wind data from ECMWF, validated and calibrated with independent satellite and buoy data worldwide. These data, which may comprise full directional wave spectra time series, are used as ...


    By Fugro OCEANOR AS

  • Intercomparison of a WaveGuide radar and two Directional Waveriders

    Down-looking FMCW radars for wave measurements are in use already for 25 years. They have proved to be very robust and maintenance is hardly needed. Now the prices of FMCW radars came down they are being more widely applied for water level, tide, harbour oscillations and wave height at sea, lakes and rivers. Radacs WaveGuide was introduced in 1998 based upon a commercial tank radar, first Enrafs ...


    By Radac BV

  • Analytical and experimental study on bending vibration of internal combustion engines shafting system based on wave equations

    This paper proposes a new analytical approach to study the bending vibration of N step shafting system. Changes of the shaft step properties under rotary condition are governed by two–dimensional wave equations. The source of the bending vibration is first analysed. Then strain and stress equations of the spinning shaft are established. After Hamilton principle is applied, a two–dimensional wave ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Water hammer (hydraulic shock) causes and preventative measures

    Water hammer (or hydraulic shock) is the momentary increase in pressure inside a pipe caused by a sudden change of direction or velocity of the liquid in the pipe. Water hammer can be particularly dangerous because the increase in pressure can be severe enough to rupture a pipe or cause damage to equipment. Therefore, the proper opening and closing of valves is fundamental to safe pipeline ...


    By BakerCorp

  • A Device for the Measurement of Sub-Surface Ground Vibrations

    A reliable measurement of free-field stress waves from transient loading has several important applications, for example, in the design of effective wave barriers to protect sensitive equipment and in the design of underground protective structures against explosive loading, to name a few. The characteristics of a stress wave are highly dependent on the energy source and the soil medium through ...


    By ASTM International

  • Measurement of a Doubly Substituted Methane Isotopologue, 13CH3D

    ABSTRACT: Methane is an important energy resource and significant long-lived greenhouse gas. Carbon and hydrogen isotope ratios have been used to better constrain the sources of methane but interpretations based on these two parameters alone can often be inconclusive. The precise measurement of a doubly substituted methane isotopologue, 13CH3D, is expected to add a critical new dimension to ...


    By Aerodyne Research, Inc.

  • Two Technologies for Flow Measurement from Outside a Pipe

    Doppler and Transit Time are two very popular types of flow meter for non-invasive measurement of flow in full pipes. We tend to confuse these technologies because they are both ultrasonic and both measure flow by using sensors clamped onto the outside of a pipe. In the real world they actually work best in opposite applications. Success in your installation depends on understanding the ...


    By Greyline Instruments Inc.

  • Helplessly exposed to nature? How lightning storms can be measured

    Each day, there occur about 1,000 thunderstorms with 4-10 million lightning bolts worldwide. In average, 700 people per year are hit by such light discharges, of which 75% of the hits result in long-term damages. Between three and seven cases end fatal. The risk is particularly high in the open field and is fortunately decreasing. The reason for this is that we stay more often inside in cars and ...

  • Summertime conditions of a muddy estuarine environment: the EsCoSed project contribution

    As part of the Estuarine Cohesive Sediments (EsCoSed) project, a field experiment was performed in a highly engineered environment, acting as a natural laboratory, to study the physico-chemical properties of estuarine sediments and the associated hydro-morphodynamics during different seasons. The present contribution focuses on the results obtained from the summertime monitoring of the most ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case Study Norderney LOG_aLevel_ENG

    Northsea Wave and Level Measuring Station In the operation of the research centre coast of the NLWKN–Norden-Norderney Apart from the coastal engineering, the coastal surveying and morphology, the storm tide warning service of the NLWKN-Norden-Norderney belong to the specific questions and tasks of the coastal area. The German Wadden Sea and ...


    By General Acoustics e.K.

  • Case Study Port of Hamburg/Germany

    LOG_aLevel Storm Tide Network at the Port of Hamburg, Germany Since 2003 a Storm Tide Network from General Acoustics GmbH (GA) has been satisfactory operating at the Port of Hamburg. In a first test phase of two years a LOG_aLevel station was successfully tested by the Hamburg Port Authority (HPA) against its conventional gauges. Due to the good results in terms of accuracy and ...


    By General Acoustics e.K.

  • An Automatic Feedback System for Resonant Column Testing

    A test method and electronic circuitry is described that greatly simplifies measurement of resonant frequency in the resonant column test. It utilizes a feedback system to detect resonance automatically without requiring manual adjustment and also eliminates the need for a sine wave audio oscillator or oscilloscope. A constant and controllable strain level in the soil sample is ensured, ...


    By ASTM International

  • Sonic booms – environmentally friendly?

    JAXA and Brüel & Kjær Join Forces to Measure Sonic Booms Brüel & Kjær and JAXA join forces in a research project to measure sonic booms. Side-by-side with JAXA’s ABBA sonic boom system, Brüel & Kjær’s PULSE LAN-XI based data acquisition and analysis system is used to study the effects of sonic booms on buildings. When ...

  • What’s the big deal about ion mobility mass spectrometry?

    Ion mobility spectrometry (IMS) is a technique that differentiates ions based on their size, shape, charge, and mass. While often used in small, portable devices at airports and remote locations for rapidly detecting small molecules whose mobility is known (for example, certain narcotics and explosives) when coupled with liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry (LC/MS), IMS provides an orthogonal ...


    By Waters Corporation

  • Reaching underground resources

    Accessing critical resources such as geothermal energy and natural gas requires drilling — an expensive, energy-intensive, messy process with today's technology. An MIT team has been looking into a more elegant approach. Instead of grinding rock to bits, they would use a continuous beam of energy to vaporize it and then blow out the tiny particles that form with a high-pressure stream of ...

  • Surface distribution of Residual stresses case study

    It is important to have relatively uniform residual stresses across the treated area on a part, and LSP provides this. The surface stress distribution along the radius of a laser shock peened spot is shown in Figure 1 for an aluminum alloy. This is typical for all other alloys where surface distributions were determined. The stress distribution is essentially uniform except for a slight dip in ...


    By LSP Technologies, Inc.

  • Preventing Rust without Chemicals

    The Jordan Steel Factory outside Amman, Jordan was concerned about corrosion within the pipework of its cooling system, caused by large quantities of sulphate reducing bacteria, iron oxides and scaling build up. These factors combined, contributed to an overall reduction in the efficiency of the direct and in-direct cooling system at the factory. Corrosion is a major issue for the steel ...


    By Hydropath Holdings Ltd

  • GPR antenna bandwidth

    I was really surprised and somehow confused the first time I heard about a half wave dipole with bandwidths in excess of 100%. Two things didn’t quite fit my previous knowledge about antennas; first, for any bandwidth exceeding 60% I was used to talk in terms of ratios. Secondly, I had never heard of any half wave dipole antenna with bandwidth greater than 10% and that only for a well ...


    By Geoscanners AB

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