disaster response Articles

  • Improving disaster response efforts with decision support systems

    As evidenced by Hurricane Katrina in August, 2005, disaster response efforts are hindered by a lack of coordination, poor information flows, and the inability of disaster response managers to validate and process relevant information and make decisions in a timely fashion. A number of factors contribute to current lacklustre response efforts. Some are inherent to the complex, rapidly changing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Disaster planning and response: Considering the needs of the frail elderly

    The world's population is expanding with more individuals living beyond their sixth decade of life. These changing demographics present a challenge for emergency management professionals. While there is diversity among older adults worldwide, unique common factors influence the ability of the frail elderly to maintain their health and well-being when faced with a disaster. Numerous factors need ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Transformational adaptation – when climate change means business as usual is no longer possible

    1. A lesson from the past Deep in the central Sahara, a crumbling mud-brick town sits at the edge of a dry lake bed. This is the medieval town of Germa, in southwestern Libya, one of a string of settlements along the Wadi al-Ajal, a valley defined by the towering dunes of the Ubari Sand Sea to the north, and the black cliffs of the Messak Settafet plateau to the south. Germa is romantic ...


    By Garama 3C Ltd

  • Rhode Island disaster initiative

    The Rhode Island Disaster Initiative (RIDI) is providing research in the areas of readiness, technology and training to address the significant gaps that remain in real-time medical response to events involving the use of weapons of mass destruction; terrorist use of chemical, biological, radiological, nuclear and explosive devices; mass casualty incidents and toxic industrial chemical and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Brokerage roles in disaster response: Organisational mediation in the wake of Hurricane Katrina

    When one organisation serves as an intermediary for twoother organisations which are not in direct contact, that organisation is saidto engage in brokerage behaviour. Using the case of the Hurricane Katrinadisaster, this study demonstrates the use of formal brokerage measures to studycommunication among the responding organisations. We apply the brokeragerole typology put forth by Gould and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case Note: Human Rights Challenges and Adequacy of State Responses to Natural Disaster

    INTRODUCTION The extent of the relevance for environmental protection purposes of notions of human rights, particularly as conceived under the European Convention,1 and as further elaborated under UK law within the Human Rights Act 1998, remains contested territory. For instance, rights formulations tend to reflect those manifold anthropocentric interests which in their traditional ...


  • Disaster mitigation and communications research in Canada: towards a responsive innovation agenda

    The aim of this paper is to introduce a new conceptual framework for communications policy research pertaining to disaster mitigation in Canada. It claims that mitigation-oriented policy research must expand its agenda to focus on the deep social roots of risk and vulnerability in Canadian society and that such a re-orientation in theory can provide the foundation for the reform of public policy ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Disaster preparedness and response: a challenge for hospitals in earthquake-prone countries

    An effective and immediate response from hospital personnel is critical to meet the needs of affected populations at the time of an earthquake disaster. Hospitals need to develop, practise and continuously update an effective disaster/emergency medical response plan. Communities and impacted regions cannot depend on immediate medical and humanitarian aid from other outside sources to meet medical ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency management international: Improving national and international disaster preparedness and response

    Since 1998, the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) has been responsible for managing activities of the Civil Military Emergency Preparedness (CMEP) programme, in Europe and Central Asia. CMEP supports international partner nations' national and regional strategies related to disaster preparedness and consequence management for all hazards including the development and exercise of national and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview on the use of satellite communications for disaster management and emergency response

    In disaster situations, communication is vital to organise and coordinate Search and Rescue (SAR) operations. In some disasters it may not be possible to use the existing terrestrial communication network due to damaged infrastructure, broken cables and/or energy sources, overload on the network, or non–existing communication network. To overcome the damaged/congested network problem and support ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An examination of interdependencies among major barriers to coordination in disaster response

    This paper reports two exploratory research studies conducted to identify major barriers to coordination in disaster response and to understand causal relationships among those barriers. In the first study, two expert panels (emergency operations centre directors and firefighters) participated in a Delphi survey to identify and prioritise major barriers. In the second study, five focus group ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview of the use of satellite navigation for disaster management and emergency response

    Navigation satellites provide three main datasets for effective and efficient rescue operations: localisation, navigation and timing services. Three–dimensional (3D) coordinates can be obtained by using these satellites. Navigation feature helps rescue teams to get to a disaster area and rescue location faster, easier and safer. Highly accurate time information is used for synchronisation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Coordination in complex systems: increasing efficiency in disaster mitigation and response

    Coordination in multi-organisational settings is extraordinarily difficult to achieve. This article examines the problem of inter-organisational coordination in the context of public administration theory and practice. The authors present the concept of complex adaptive systems as a theoretical framework that explains the dynamic processes involved in achieving coordinated action among multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Disaster response: Community mental health service capacity in the USA

    Following a natural disaster such as a major hurricane or flood, the ability of community mental health facilities to respond during the recovery stage of the disaster with adequate resources and capacity to meet community needs is critical to the recovery process. Community mental health agencies have a critical role to play in preparing for and responding to large-scale disasters, such as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Planning for disaster recovery

    Q: When is a business disaster not a complete disaster? A: When you have a disaster recovery system in place, of course. The dictionary defines disaster as “an occurrence that causes great distress or destruction”. Any business can be affected by natural disasters, like recent weather patterns, contrived disasters such as the credit crunch, or even physical disasters like the loss of your ...


    By IMSM Ltd

  • Emotions in crisis management: an analysis of the organisational response of two natural disasters

    The impact of emotions on organisational performance during crisis response is examined. Data are drawn from the after action reports of individuals in two American Red Cross teams, one faced with responding to Hurricane Hugo and the other to the Loma Prieta Earthquake. Based on the texts generated by individuals in the American Red Cross who took part in these situations, we examine whether the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case Note: Human Rights Challenges and Adequacy of State Responses to Natural Disaster

    INTRODUCTION The extent of the relevance for environmental protection purposes of notions of human rights, particularly as conceived under the European Convention,1 and as further elaborated under UK law within the Human Rights Act 1998, remains contested territory. For instance, rights formulations tend to reflect those manifold anthropocentric interests which in their traditional ...


  • 'We have to think about the children': parenting responses in chronic natural disasters

    In a chronic risk environment such as a community near an active volcano, uncertainty intertwines with fear and can seriously damage people's physical and emotional health, and stress family interpersonal conditions. In the case described here, we present information about families' responses to living around an active volcano in Ecuador, South America. This information was obtained through ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A disaster response management system based on the control systems technology

    A networked Critical Infrastructure (CI) system performs functions critical to national economy and security. It is a complex system in the sense of a social-technical system with time-varying boundary and topology, and there are dynamic, uncertain and stochastic factors throughout a whole disaster management process. In this paper, we first present a study aimed at developing a general ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling of cascading effects and efficient response to disaster spreading in complex networks

    In order to assess cascading effects in directed networks, we present a model for the dynamics of failure spreading. The model combines network nodes as active, bistable elements and delayed interactions along directed links. Through simulations, we study the dynamics behaviour of generic sample networks. Besides evaluating the failure cascades, for which we observe a critical threshold for the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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