discharge measurement Articles

  • Case study - Discharge measurement at the river

    Due to the seasonally strong weed growth and low flow during low water periods the measurement of water level and flow at the measurement site "Kleinraschuetz“ was rather distorted. It had to be corrected by putting in additional manpower for manual measurements. Therefore it was decided to modernize the station completely and to install a stationary discharge measuring system. The ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Online discharge measurement with OTT SLD

    Background For the economic management of the waterways between Elbe and Oder it is essential to know the discharge of these rivers at defined locks. The authority for water and navigation (WSA) in Lauenburg operates hydrological stations for the measurement of water level and discharge to effectively regulate the water flow at the locks in Plau and Malliß ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • An operational approach to real-time dynamic measurement of discharge

    Based on the maximization of entropy, microwave sensors are becoming standard approaches for converting point surface velocity measurements into discharge. Unfortunately, this conversion is conditioned by cross-section regularity and by the need to take the surface measures above the vertical where the maximum velocity occurs. Cross-section irregularities and the presence of floodplains, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cam correlation analysis using Acoustic discharge measurement

    The low head hydro power plant in Wettingen, Switzerland, is in operation since 1933 and no effective cam optimization has been carried out up to now. The goal of the measuring campaign was to provide data enabling an economic study for a retrofit and upgrade project of the plant and the measurement of the efficiency improvement of turbines after refurbishment. The contribution discusses cam ...


    By HydroVision GmbH

  • Case study - Discharge measurement deep within a cave

    Research is currently being conducted in the Hessenhau cave, located in southern Germany. The cave is the deepest known within the Swabian Alps at 144m (472 ft) and has a stream running through it that connects it to other caves within the area. Discharge measurements were taken in different parts of the cave with the OTT MF pro electromagnetic current meter. Reaching the bottom of the cave ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Online discharge measurement with horizontal doppler-flow sensor

    Background The regional authority responsible for the barrages in the Free State of Saxony is in charge of the water management of the Rötha. Reservoir. This reservoir is situated close to the river Pleiße, from which the water is led over a weir into the reservoir.. Knowledge about the inflows of the reservoir is important for the water management there. So far, the ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Turbidity Measurements in Drinking Water, Effluent Discharges and Coagulant Controlling

    This month at Partech Water Instruments we’re talking about our turbidity sensors—fantastic to use as an environmental indicator. So how can they be used? We’re here to tell you about turbidity sensors being utilised for drinking water, effluent discharges and coagulant controlling. Turbidity Sensors and Drinking Water Turbidity sensors ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Discharge Measurement in a Short Intake with a Converging Section – a Case Study

    In the context of a planned retrofit and upgrade of the hydropower plant Wettingen, operated by the Elektrizitätswerke Zürich, three intakes were equipped with acoustic transit time flow measuring devices. Since the flow meters are installed in a converging section, downstream of a pier, it became necessary to perform numerical flow simulations in order to weight the acoustic path ...


    By HydroVision GmbH

  • Cost benefit analysis of measures to reduce industrial effluent discharges

    In an environmentally harmonized society the most cost effective measures to reduce the total effluent discharges should be taken into account. Generalised discharge values are presented for organic material and nutrients in this paper. Depending on conditions in the receiving water any of these parameters can be the determining factor for the eutrophication and oxygen demand. These parameters ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cruise ship discharge assessment report

    Cruise ships operate in every ocean worldwide, often in pristine coastal waters and sensitive marine ecosystems. Cruise ship operators provide amenities to their passengers that are similar to those of luxury resort hotels, including pools, hair salons, restaurants, and dry cleaners. As a result, cruise ships have the potential to generate wastes similar in volume and character to those generated ...

  • Situation analysis of China’s wastewater discharge

    Great progress has been made in reducing China’s water pollution after decades of efforts. From the perspective of wastewater discharge, the situation of wastewater discharge since 1985 is analysed in this study, with importance attached to industrial wastewater, including wastewater from township enterprises, and to municipal domestic wastewater. In general, the total wastewater discharge in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • HawkEye CSO Discharge Alarm System

    Hawkeye is a two-channel GSM telemetry recorder and a joint venture between Hydro-Logic and IETG of Leeds. Hydro-Logic provide the key electronic and firmware technology basing it on our successful Hawk range of outstations. It was the first fully integrated measurement and telemetry system specifically designed to monitor the performance of Combined Sewer Overflows (CSO). All electronics ...

  • Municipal wastewater characteristics in Thailand and effects of soft intervention measures in households on pollutant discharge reduction

    In developing countries with large Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) sanitation indicator, pollutant discharge reduction function of wastewater treatment systems should be considered. In this paper, pollutant generations per capita (PGCs) and pollutant discharges per capita (PDCs) are estimated as a base dataset for wastewater management in Thailand. PDCs of black water, i.e. toilet wastewater, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimation of combined sewer overflow discharge: a software sensor approach based on local water level measurements

    Combined sewer overflow (CSO) structures are constructed to effectively discharge excess water during heavy rainfall, to protect the urban drainage system from hydraulic overload. Consequently, most CSO structures are not constructed according to basic hydraulic principles for ideal measurement weirs. It can, therefore, be a challenge to quantify the discharges from CSOs. Quantification of CSO ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Discharge Measurements In Low Flow Conditions With ADC p t echnology – First Experiences In Nepal

    Low flows prevail during about nine months of the year in Himalayan rivers as a result of the influence of the monsoon climate. They account for a large portion of the annual water balance and accurate information about these flows is therefore critical for water resources planning, development, management and hydropower design. Issues that occur with the neighbouring country India are often ...


    By Teledyne RD Instruments

  • Estimating discharge in rivers through the combined use of dimensionless isovels and point velocity measurements

    This paper presents a procedure for estimating discharge in a river cross-section based on the combined use of dimensionless isovels and point velocity measurements. Specifically, taking the Biot–Savart law on the magnetic field induced by an electric current in a wire as their basis as already done by other researchers, the authors propose a new formulation of the relationship characterizing ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Continuous discharge monitoring in Mecklenburg - Germany

    The Wallensteingraben was originally constructed as a channel and is almost 20 km long. In the context of implementing the European Water Framework Directive, goals include improving ecological passability. At the same time a measurement site for the continuous monitoring of discharge quantities was installed.  Products used include OTT SLD, OTT CBS and OTT LogoSens. Monitoring ...


    By The OTT Hydromet Group

  • Case study - TPH in produced sand for overboard discharge

    Customer uses TD-500D to measure TPH concentrations in produced sand on an offshore oil platform in Malaysia.  The sand contains high levels of crude oils and must be treated on-site prior to dumping it overboard.  The TD-500D was calibrated to Sitelab's TPH calibration kit, product CAL-056.  Methanol solvent was used to extract the samples.  For comparison, samples were also ...


    By Sitelab Corporation

  • Modeling river discharge rates in California watersheds

    River discharge rates across all California's watershed have been modeled using the NASA version of the Carnegie-Ames-Stanford Approach (CASA) ecosystem model coupled with a surface hydrologic routing scheme previously called the Hydrological Routing Algorithm (HYDRA). To assess CASA-HYDRA's capability to estimate actual water flows in extreme and non-extreme precipitation years, we have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternatives for Finding Illicit Discharges to Stormwater Systems

    ABSTRACT Provisions of the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits for stormwater discharges require that permits for municipal separate storm sewers systems (MS4s) shall include a requirement to effectively prohibit problematic non-storm water discharges into storm sewers. Emphasis is placed on the elimination of inappropriateconnections to urban storm drains. ...

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