dispersant system Articles

  • Regulatory dispersion modelling in Finland

    We present a review of regulatory atmospheric dispersion models and their application to environmental impact assessment (EIA) in Finland. The following regulatory models are available: the urban dispersion modeling system, models for dispersion of vehicular pollution, the air pollution information system, and the dispersion model for odorous compounds. All of these models are connected to a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Particle Dispersion for Size Analysis

    Panicle size analysis is a vital analytical tool in the pharmaceutical industry. The results can be used to meet safety and quality specifications and provide information for product development and manufacturing. Modern techniques have made determining the particle size of a material quick and convenient, but many factors can influence the quality of data obtained. While particle size analysis ...


    By Particle Technology Labs

  • Development of an integrated system for air pollutant dispersion modelling

    A complex expert system for air pollutant dispersion modeling (ScalEx) is currently being developed at Faculty of Technology and Metallurgy in Belgrade. The project goal is to develop a powerful software system as an engineering toolbox for modelling air pollutant dispersion under various conditions and terrain configurations. ScalEx is planned to be an integrated software system of the new ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Any liquid dispersing without foliation

    Dispersion is a process when small parts of one substance are distributed in thin liquid of another substance, without being dissolved in it. Such fluid call dispersing. In dispersion it is thin parts of substance is distributed in liquid part over time is depositing, and there comes the partial foliation. Therefore components of dispersion should be passed through GlobeCoreblending system ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Any liquid dispersing without foliation

    Dispersion is a process when small parts of one substance are distributed in thin liquid of another substance, without being dissolved in it. Such fluid call dispersing. In dispersion it is thin parts of substance is distributed in liquid part over time is depositing, and there comes the partial foliation. Therefore components of dispersion should be passed through GlobeCoreblending system ...


    By GlobeCore GmbH

  • Validation of the Demokritos dispersion modelling system based on the Indianapolis experiment

    To assess the ability of a model to simulate atmospheric dispersion, its performance must be tested using data from real field experiments. This paper presents the results of a validation study of the atmospheric dispersion model Dispersion over Complex Terrain (DIPCOT) against data from the Indianapolis field experiment. Three different modules of the dispersion code are examined a puff model, a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing meteorological uncertainties in dispersion forecasts using a NWP Ensemble Prediction System

    The use of ensembles of meteorological forecasts is explored in the context of dispersion modelling for emergency-response applications such as nuclear accidents or chemical releases. Specification of meteorology is often a major source of uncertainty in dispersion predictions. The ensemble methodology, routinely used in Numerical Weather Prediction (NWP), is followed in which multiple ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System (ADMS): comparisons with data from the Kincaid experiment

    In order to test the ability of a model its results must be compared with experimental data; hence validation work is an essential part of the development of any model. This paper presents the results of a validation study of the UK Atmospheric Dispersion Modelling System (UK-ADMS) version 1.06, a short-range dispersion model, against the results of the Kincaid field experiment. Predictions of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Raman frequency dispersion studies of substituted polythiophene films

    Styryl substituted terthiophene species have been used to produce neutral polythiophene species which show distinct Raman frequency dispersion. The polythiophene line B band shows dispersion values of: -0.12, -0.07, -0.1 cm−1 nm−1 for the phenyl, para-methoxy phenyl and para-cyano phenyl systems respectively. This is smaller than the dispersion values reported for polythiophene presumably because ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An urban scale model for pollutant dispersion in Rome

    A Gaussian model software (Atmospheric Dispersion Model System?ADMS-Urban) is used to forecast the carbon monoxide concentrations in the Urban Boundary Layer (UBL) of the city of Rome, Italy. The simulations refer to 14 days during 2002. Two data set inputs were considered in order to evaluate the urban background concentration and the effects of the main roads surrounding the monitoring ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion modelling: a tool for local air quality management

    A local air quality management system, and the use of dispersion modelling as a tool for the system, are described. The Turkish town of Gehze is used as a model.Keywords: air pollution, air quality management, dispersion modelling, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Starch degradation and intermediate dynamics in flocculated and dispersed microcosms

    A large fraction of the organic substrate in municipal wastewater is particulate. Prior to uptake, particles have to be degraded through potentially a range of intermediates. However, research on intermediate dynamics during particle hydrolysis is limited. In this paper, batch experiments on flocculated and dispersed biomass microcosms using starch as particulate substrate are reported. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Comparison of the Polish regulatory dispersion model with AERMOD

    Implementation of the 96/62/EC air quality directive in Poland imposes new requirements that cannot be met by the present Polish regulatory climatological dispersion model that is mandatory in emission permit procedures. For use in the air quality management system, newer models have been recommended. This inevitably brings questions regarding consistency between models used for both the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Numerical model of urban aerodynamics and pollution dispersion

    For analysis of atmospheric processes in the urban environment, the microscale meteorological and dispersion model M2UE is suggested, which takes into account a complex character of aerodynamics in non-uniform urban relief. The three-dimensional version of the model includes a system of Reynolds equations, two-equation k-ε model of turbulence and the 'advection-diffusion' equation to simulate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stable dispersions of single-walled carbon nanotubes

    The degree of dispersion of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes (SWCNTs) in different solvents is an issue in all studies where applications (in microelectronics, as well as in biological in vitro and in vivo systems) are envisaged. We performed long-term dispersion studies of SWCNTs in four different solvents: phosphate buffer solution (PBS), poly(sodium 4-styrene-sulfonate) (NaPSS), Gum Arabic (GA), ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling dispersion of smoke from wildfires in a Mediterranean area

    We present a modelling system for the estimation of forest fire emissions ( prebolchem-fire ) and their inclusion in the atmospheric composition model BOLCHEM. Emission fluxes have been estimated following the methodology proposed by Seiler and Crutzen (1980) and using MODIS ‘burned area product’. Then they are modulated following the WRAP approach (WRAP, 2005). This approach is also used for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Dispersion Modeling as a Tool to Establish Odor Policy

    Odor control is a critical component of the Orange County Sanitation District’s (the Sanitation District) planning and operations. The Sanitation District’s two wastewater treatment plants (Fountain Valley, CA and Huntington Beach, CA) were isolated when originally constructed in the middle of the 20th century, but are now surrounded by high-density residential areas as well as highly used ...

  • Dispersion modelling near tunnel exits: simulation and measurements

    Measurements of car exhaust gases were made in May/June 1995 in the vicinity of the Bielefeld tunnel. CO and NOx from car exhausts were measured to allow comparison with a model simulation. Ozone was also measured. These measurements were made using commercial continuous analysers. A valve control system was used to investigate the dispersion of the trace gases. This allowed measurements at ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Longitudinal dispersion in open channel flow with suspended canopies

    Suspended canopies can cause flow disturbances such as reducing velocities within the canopy, and increasing flow beneath the canopy. Flow modifications by canopies dramatically affect the fate and transport of sediment, nutrients, contaminants, dissolved oxygen, and fauna in aquatic systems. A three-zone model is presented here to predict the longitudinal dispersion coefficient by simplifying ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Keeping the Increasing Complexity of Air Dispersion Modeling in Check

    Driven by advances in scientific knowledge, tightening and constantly changing regulations, and higher-resolution raw data, environmental modeling is demanding more and more from EH&S professionals and their computers. AERMOD run times for large projects are measured in days rather than minutes and terrain data file sizes routinely exceed 100 MB. Modelers can increase productivity and keep ...

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