dissolved air flotation tank Articles

  • Two-phase simulations of an off-nominally operating dissolved-air flotation tank

    The flow patterns of the contaminated water and the air bubbles inside a large-scale Dissolved Air Flotation (DAF) tank were examined using CFD modelling. The DAF tank was operating off-nominally in the sense that it was supplied with bubbles larger than originally designed for. Attention was drawn to the location for air injection and the effect of having more than one-size bubbles in the tank, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Two- and three-phase simulations of an ill-functioning dissolved-air flotation tank

    Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) simulations were employed to examine the performance of a large-scale Dissolved-Air Flotation (DAF) tank. The tank was ill-functioning as it was operated with bubbles larger than designed for. Different multiphase models, turbulence models and boundary conditions for the free surface of the tank were tested in 2D simulations. The simulation results were assessed ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Evaluation of flow hydrodynamics in a pilot-scale dissolved air flotation tank: a comparison between CFD and experimental measurements

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of dissolved air flotation (DAF) have shown formation of stratified flow (back and forth horizontal flow layers at the top of the separation zone) and its impact on improved DAF efficiency. However, there has been a lack of experimental validation of CFD predictions, especially in the presence of solid particles. In this work, for the first time, both ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of flow hydrodynamics in a pilot-scale dissolved air flotation tank: a comparison between CFD and experimental measurements

    Computational fluid dynamics (CFD) models of dissolved air flotation (DAF) have shown formation of stratified flow (back and forth horizontal flow layers at the top of the separation zone) and its impact on improved DAF efficiency. However, there has been a lack of experimental validation of CFD predictions, especially in the presence of solid particles. In this work, for the first time, both ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Simple protocols for assessing dissolved air flotation systems: quantification of released air, bubble density and cloud patterns

    Dissolved air flotation (DAF) systems are useful for many water treatment applications. Optimizing a DAF system can be very difficult and complicated due to a multitude of variables that contribute to effective separation. Pressure, temperature, retention time and air mixing affect the ability of the saturator to increase air solubility, while baffle heights, flow rates and recycle ratios affect ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Seven Ways Your Facility Isn’t Meeting Effluent Regulations and How to Solve Them

    Whether you own, operate, or help manage a municipal or industrial facility that deals with wastewater, it’s important to understand how wastewater treatment can play a significant role in the overall health of your business, especially when it comes to meeting effluent regulations. This is an important part of the wastewater treatment process to consider, as ignoring it could earn your ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Case study – GEM vs DAF, efficiencies of GEM system over dissolved air floatation (DAF)

    Introduction Clean Water Technology, Inc., the creator of the Gas Energy System (GEM), provides the most advanced primary treatment system on the market. The GEM System provides superior reduction of total suspended solids (TSS), biological and chemical oxygen demand (BOD/COD), fats, oils and grease (FOG) and turbidity. Challenge A Frozen Food Manufacturer ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Nation’s Largest Tank Barge Company case study

    The Problem: The Nation’s largest tank barge company is a centralized treatment facility that receives oily wastewater from barges and ships that transport oil and petroleum products. The wastewater is highly loaded with BOD, COD, TSS and oil and they were seeking a direct discharge permit. The Solution: In 2010, Ecolab partnered ...


    By BioprocessH2O

  • Meat processing factory - Case Study

    Succeeded in stable supply of polymer to two equipment from one Polymer Make-up System This customer was newly proceeding with a plan for installing a wastewater treatment plant. As the wastewater discharged from the factory contained much oil, the customer was planning to install a dissolved air flotation system in the wastewater treatment process. The VOLUTE Dewatering Press, having strong ...


    By AMCON Inc.

  • Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD), Cincinnati, Ohio U.S.A.: HTFB System

    The Metropolitan Sewer District (MSD) of Greater Cincinnati, Ohio is a 90 mgd primary treatment, 55 mgd activated sludge treatment plant. Solids processing includes gravity thickening of primary sludge, dissolved air flotation, thickening of secondary sludge, holding tank storage, belt filter press dewatering and pumping of cake to the old outdated multiple hearth ...

  • Monitoring and Treatment of Selected Nanoparticles

    With their increasing use, nanoparticles will become concentrated in urban effluents in the future. Both adequate monitoring methods and water treatment technologies will be necessary to assess and avoid consumer exposure. This paper reports results in these two challenging areas for both organic and inorganic nanoparticles. Treatment experiments indicate that lamellar settling is better adapted ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study – Gem-D series

    Introduction Clean Water Technology, Inc., the creator of the Gas Energy Mixing (GEM) System, introduces their newest in technology The GEM - D Series for municipal water and wastewater applications. The GEM-D Series is a hybrid dissolved air – flotation system. What makes the GEM-D Series better than the rest? Introduction of air through Liquid Solid Gas ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

  • Wastewater Pre-Treatment for the food industry (vinegar and dressings)

    Description of the plant Highly polluted wastewater arises from the production of high-quality vinegar, delicatessen and mustard products. Most of the COD load here is formed by lipophil substances which have to be decreased before to municipal sewer net. Peaks of load and flow are buffered in a mixing and balancing reactor to achieve an homogenised flow to the ...

  • Case Study – Food/Beverage Industry / TSS/BOD/FOG reduction

    Challenge A fish meat processing plant wanted to reduce their effluent discharge costs and eliminate chemical cost in primary waste water treatment. Solution Genesis Water Technologies with its local partner provided engineering, and design of a electrocoagulation solution with prescreen and post solids separation that eliminated chemical usage in the primary ...

  • Tracer experiment and RTD analysis of DAF separator with bar-type baffles

    This paper describes the development of a new dissolved air flotation (DAF) separator with a flow streamlining baffle to improve solid separation efficiency. The analysis of the RTD (residence time distribution) curves indicated that the parameter θ10 (dimensionless time at which 10% of tracer has discharged) increased from 0.38 for control reactor to 0.54 for the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater-Primary Treatment

    Primary Treatment is defined as a wastewater treatment process that takes place in a rectangular or circular tank and allows those substances in wastewater that readily settle or float to be separated from the water being treated. This process achieves solids separation. The solids readily available to settle to achieve sedimentation will do so in a settling tank referred as a clarifier. On the ...

  • WasteWastewater pre-treatment in a milk-processing company

    Description of the plant The wastewater from the production is buffered in a pump sump which is designed to buffer peaks of flow and load. The pump sump also works as a fat trap. From this stage, the water is lifted to the biological reactor where organic substances which are mainly milk sugar and other organic compounds are decreased by microbiological actifity. The ...

  • Central treatment of the industrial wastewater in Kuwait

    Description of the plant In order to treat the wastewater accumulating from all industrial plants located in Kuwait, TIA planned and built up a central Wastewater Treatment Plant in the Kuwaiti desert. The plant consists of three receipt stations, three pre-treatment lines and two lines for biological wastewater treatment. Each day, 200 to 400 tank trucks deliver the ...

  • Adapter bacteria control oil spill in bulk

    Introduction Microbac was called in to advise on a required treatment for an integrated bulk oil handling facility and sea-land terminal, receiving, storing and shipping a wide variety of liquid fuels, inorganic chemicals and petrochemicals, many of which are toxic to microorganisms. The variable and complex waste streams from tank truck cleaning, ballast and tank cleaning discharges from ...


    By Microbac Ltd

  • Case study – military

    Introduction In 2009, a West Coast Military Air Base contacted CWT to bid on a plane washing wastewater treatment facility. The military needed to upgrade and replace their antiquated dissolved air flotation (DAF) unit to meet more stringent discharge requirements and attain higher contaminant reductions. Being a Federal Base, it was imperative for the military to have the best wastewater ...


    By Clean Water Technology, Inc.

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