dissolved oxygen controller Articles

  • Boiler Dissolved Oxygen Control

    DISSOLVED OXYGEN CHEMISTRY Dissolved Oxygen (DO) is a measure of the amount of oxygen, usually thought of as a gas, that is dissolved in a liquid such as water. Oxygen is essential to life and is also the most common element found taking part in corrosion reactions. DO can be thought of as the fuel needed for the corrosion process to proceed. It is the corrosion reactions that necessitate ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • ppb Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) measurement is one indicator of water quality because oxygen is a common element contributing to corrosion reactions. This corrosion reaction provides the need for low level D.O. control since dissolved oxygen is responsible for costly replacement of piping and equipment by corrosive attack on metah. what is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved axygan (D.O.f is the ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • ppm Dissolved oxygen measurement

    Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) levels are used as a general indicator of water quality. Oxygen is essential to life and vital for countless aquatic forms. D.O. level control is critical in numerous applications ranging from the monitoring of industrial waste water to environmental surveillance. What is Dissolved Oxygen? Dissolved oxygen (D.O.) is the amount of oxygen gas dissolved in a ...


    By IC Controls Ltd.

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Why are we monitoring nutrients at different depths?

    Recently, LG Sonic introduced the MPC-Lab, an innovative monitoring buoy that can monitor algae, physico-chemical variables, and even nutrients such as nitrogen and phosphorus in near real-time and at different depths in a body of water. Combined with our other monitoring tools, this system offers a unique way to detect the spatial and temporal patterns of nutrient concentrations which play a ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Adaptive predictive expert control of dissolved oxygen concentration in a wastewater treatment plant

    In this paper we present the application of adaptive predictive expert controllers to dissolved oxygen (DO) control in the aerobic reactors of a wastewater treatment plant. The control system described in this paper consists of adaptive predictive expert control loops complemented by optimisation logic. The controllers successfully cope with nonlinearity and changing operating conditions of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Why it is important to measure Dissolved Oxygen in aeration lanes

    Dissolved Oxygen is a key parameter in the efficient treatment of waste water during the secondary treatment stage; the point at which organic waste is oxidised to form carbon dioxide, water and nitrogen compounds. It is important to act on accurate measurements of Dissolved Oxygen in activated sludge plants for the following reasons: To ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Why it is important to measure Dissolved Oxygen in aeration lanes

    Dissolved Oxygen is a key parameter in the efficient treatment of waste water during the secondary treatment stage; the point at which organic waste is oxidised to form carbon dioxide, water and nitrogen compounds. It is important to act on accurate ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • Product of the Month – Handy Polaris 2 Portable Dissolved Oxygen Meter with Datalogger

    This month the focus is on the Handy Polaris 2 Portable Dissolved Oxygen Meter with Datalogger. Over the summer months we have seen increased interest in the instrument. Warmer temperatures can affect the chemistry, biological processes and dissolved oxygen levels in water, making the Handy Polaris 2 a popular ...


    By Partech (Electronics) Ltd.

  • The optimal dissolved oxygen profile in a nitrifying activated sludge process – comparisons with ammonium feedback control

    Ammonium feedback control is increasingly used to determine the dissolved oxygen (DO) set-point in aerated activated sludge processes for nitrogen removal. This study compares proportional-integral (PI) ammonium feedback control with a DO profile created from a mathematical minimisation of the daily air flow rate. All simulated scenarios are set to reach the same treatment level of ammonium, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Influence of denitrification reactor retention time distribution (RTD) on dissolved oxygen control and nitrogen removal efficiency

    Low concentrations of dissolved oxygen (DO) are usually found in biological anoxic pre-denitrification reactors, causing a reduction in nitrogen removal efficiency. Therefore, the reduction of DO in such reactors is fundamental for achieving good nutrient removal. The article shows the results of an experimental study carried out to evaluate the effect of the anoxic reactor hydrodynamic model on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Operation of a solids contact tank at low dissolved oxygen and low total suspended solids concentrations

    Solids retention time (SRT) and dissolved oxygen concentration (DO) set points were optimized at a 32 MGD trickling filter-solids contact tank system. OPTImasterTM on-line optimization software was used for set points selection. Set points were maintained automatically using SRTmaster and DOmaster - sludge age and dissolved oxygen automatic control systems. Referenced above biological system was ...

  • Influence of dissolved oxygen concentration and aeration time on nitrite accumulation in partial nitrification process

    This study investigated the influence of dissolved oxygen concentration and aeration time on nitrification and nitrite accumulation in an attempt to optimize the recently developed biological-partial-nitritation process for the treatment of strong nitrogen wastewaters. Investigation of dissolved oxygen concentration on ammonium and nitrite ...

  • Case study - In-line aeration system provides required level of dissolved oxygen in pressurized effluent line. Hancock County, MS

    The Problem: The treated effluent from all wastewater treatment plants across the country must meet local dissolved oxygen (DO) limits before discharging into receiving waters. A new municipal WWTP in southern Mississippi, designed by Carollo Engineers, has a pressurized effluent line to discharge into a local river. Since the line is pressurized, the standard method for increasing DO, a cascade ...

  • Analysis and numerical simulation of natural and human-caused low dissolved oxygen in the Minjiang River Estuary

    The Minjiang River, a typical tidal channel in Southeast China, plays an important role in the supply of drinking water, flood control and drought relief, farming and navigation, as well as shipping and other functions. Dissolved oxygen (DO), as a basic living condition for aquatic biota, has been deteriorating in the Minjiang River in recent years. In order to understand how the spatial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Optical measurement of oxygen concentration in water

    The optimisation of oxygen transfer is a key element of control and regulation strategies in municipal and industrial sewage treatment plants. In 2003, HACH LANGE became the first instrument manufacturer to launch the LDO (Luminescent Dissolved Oxygen) method for determining dissolved oxygen in water. The LDO technology is based on pulsed blue light, which brings benefits such as high precision, ...


  • Biodegradability of Dissolved Organic Nitrogen: Adaptation of the BOD Test

    To prevent eutrophication in receiving waters, many astewater treatment plants are being firected by regulatory agencies to achieve very low levels of total nitrogen (3-4 mg/L TN or lower) in the effluent. Dissolved organic nitrogen (DON) component is included within these total nitrogen limits. The regulations assume that DON is completely biodegradable, and therefore needs to be included in any ...

  • Lucent Technologies low level oxygen removal

    The increasing complexity and level of intergration in ULSI devices is requiring higher levels of water purity.  A typical wafer uses between 20 to 200 separate rinsing steps.  Impurities in the rinse water such as particles, high dissolved oxygen content, organic contaminants and gas bubbles can cause defects.  Controlling oxide formation on the wafer surface is one of the reasons for reducing ...

  • Case study - Pure oxygen injection pilot test

    Introduction: The Moccasin Bend WWTP uses pure oxygen produced by a cryogenic oxygen plant for activated sludge treatment of the influent waste stream, which consists of municipal and industrial wastes. The waste stream contains a high proportion of high strength industrial waste, which results in a typical COD loading of about 2000 mg/L, which is approximately four times the strength ...

  • Membranes for oxygen removal in 300mm semiconductor processing

    Membrane contractors are widely used in the semiconductor industry to control the dissolved gas levels in high purity water. They have been commercially available for almost 10 years and the technology has rapidly advanced to meet the demanding needs of the semiconductor industry. The industry is in the midst of moving to 300-millimeter (mm) wafer sizes, while at ...

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