dnapls Articles

  • Bioremediation of DNAPL

    Dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) are mixtures of organic compounds that when combined have a specific density greater than water, which has a specific density of 1.00. They sink through water and form a separate liquid phase below the water. DNAPL mixtures can include compounds such as chlorinated solvents, PCB oils, coal tars, and creosotes (complex mixtures consisting of polycyclic ...


  • Portland, Or - Deep, DNAPL remediation

    In 1999, the senior managers of Thermal Remediation Services, Inc (TRS) while working for a former employer, as a subcontractor to AMEC, provided Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) for VOC-impacted groundwater at a commercial site in Portland, Oregon. The remediation was conducted under the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Voluntary Cleanup Program. The remedial action objective ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Deep, DNAPL remediation Portland, OR

    In 1999, the senior managers of TRS Group, Inc (TRS) while working for a former employer, as a subcontractor toAMEC, provided Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) for VOC-impacted groundwater at a commercial site in Portland,Oregon. The remediation was conducted under the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality (DEQ) Voluntary Cleanup ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • DNAPL recovery made easy

    Recovering DNAPL (Dense Non Aqueous Phase Liquid) product is never an easy task. Recovering an extremely viscous DNAPL, such as coal tar, can be a nightmare. With viscosity approaching 20,000 ssu at ambient temperatures, devices that need hydrophobic screens become useless; however, the solution is simple – a PetroXtractor® belt oil skimmer made by Abanaki Corporation, Chagrin Falls, Ohio. ...


    By Abanaki Corporation

  • DNAPL in Clay Formation

    PROJECT BACKGROUND At a manufacturing site located in Cookeville, TN, on and offsite soil (tight clays) and groundwater contaminated with chlorinated solvents, were discovered as the result of a Phase I and a Phase II investigation. The client entered the State of Tennessee Voluntary Clean-up Oversight and Assistance Program (VCOAP), which resulted in an informal focused feasibility study to ...


    By REGENESIS

  • Extraction well design for DNAPL recovery.

    The potential for downward migration of dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) into deeper portions of a saturated hydrogeologic unit has important implications for successful groundwater remediation. Little information has been published regarding the design of extraction wells that allow DNAPL recovery without simultaneously creating a conduit for cross contamination by vertical migration ...


    By Hargis + Associates Inc

  • Successful Biostimulation Treatment of TCE DNAPL

    The challenges posed by the presence of DNAPL are rooted in the unpredictable manner in which it spreads and moves through the subsurface, and the fraction of total contaminant mass it represents in an associated groundwater plume via sorbed, residual and drainable phases (typically greater than 99 percent). Under natural conditions, the dissolution of DNAPL is very slow, allowing groundwater ...


    By Arcadis

  • Combining thermal treatment with MNA at a brownfield DNAPL site

    Abstract A heavily contaminated Brownfields site in New York was remediated and redeveloped using a combination of In-Situ Thermal Desorption and Monitored Natural Attenuation. Four source areas were addressed by the thermal technology, and groundwater beneath the site is undergoing natural attenuation. Approximately 86,000 lbs of volatile organics were extracted and treated on-site. The ...


    By TerraTherm, Inc.

  • Leaks and spills - LNAP and DNAPL detection and clean up

    Any tank can leak. Most leaks can be cleaned up and responsible operators need equipment that does what’s needed. With an ATEX Zone 0 certified interface meter site operators can successfully achieve LNAP and DNAPL detection when monitoring petrochemical sites, tank farms, petrol station forecourts, landfills or remediation sites. If site technicians detect ...

  • Large TCE Plume with Extensive DNAPL - Case Study

    ABSTRACT High density sampling program was key to remediation of soil and groundwater impacted by TCE DNAPL at a former industrial site underlain by river deposits and sedimentary bedrock. CHALLENGES Impacted alluvium consisted of poorly sorted, fine to coarse grained sand. The source area was underlain by an aquitard of silt and clayey silt where dense ...

  • The DNAPL Remediation Challenge: Is There a Case for Source Depletion?

    Untitled Document Executive Summary Introduction Releases of Dense Non-Aqueous Phase Liquids (DNAPLs) at a large number of public ...


  • Ivey-sol • SPT DNAPL - case study

    Ivey-sol • SPT Technology was successfully used to remediation of a commercial dry-cleaning facility. The subject facility had been in operational since ca. 1971. The DNAPL contamination was comprised of DCE (Dichloroethylene) and TCE (Trichloroethylene) dry-cleaning solvents. Some minor Brominated compounds were also detected. The impacts were limited to the soil and groundwater under the ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • DNAPL Remediation at Camp Lejeune Using ZVI-Clay Soil Mixing

    Site 88 at Camp Lejeune, NC is the former Base dry cleaners. Historical activities have resulted in a release of dry cleaning solvents especially perchloroethene (PCE). A 10,000 square foot source area was delineated using membrane interface probe (MIP) technology, and soil and groundwater sampling. The contamination extended from the water table (roughly 7 feet below ground surface (bgs)) down ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Using Treatment Train to Optimize DNAPL Source Zone Remediation

    Many DNAPL sites have been treated using innovative source reduction technologies, such as in situ chemical oxidation (ISCO). Although individual technologies can be successful in removing significant mass from a DNAPL source, rarely, if ever, will implementation of a single technology achieve site closeout. More often, a combination of technologies sequenced throughout the life cycle of a ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

  • Analysis of DNAPL Source-Depletion Costs at 36 Field Sites

    A recent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (US EPA) expert panel on dense nonaqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) remediation concluded that uncertainty in the costs and benefit of applying source-depletion technologies (i.e., active remediation in source zones) is one key factor that discourages widespread use of these technologies at DNAPL sites (Kavanaugh et al., 2003). To reduce this uncertainty, ...


  • Performance of DNAPL Source Depletion Technologies at 59 Chlorinated Solvent-Impacted Sites

    Abstract Performance and rebound of intensive source depletion technologies were evaluated at 59 chlorinated solvent sites where remediation targeted dense non–aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) source zones. The four technologies included in the study are chemical oxidation, enhanced bioremediation, thermal treatment, and surfactant/cosolvent flushing. Performance was evaluated by examining ...


  • ISCR-Enhanced Bioremediation of a TCE DNAPL Source Utilizing EHC® and KB-1®

    Remediation of chlorinated solvent DNAPL sites often meets with mixed results. This can be attributed to the diametrically opposed nature of the impacts, where the disparate dissolved phase plume is more manageable than the localized, high-concentration source area. A wide range of technologies are available for downgradient plume management, but the relative mass of contaminants in a ...


  • Surfactant enhanced in-situ remediation of DNAPL impacted soil and groundwater - Montreal refinery

    Abstract A Montreal chemical refinery reduced the dichlorobenzene and other dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) impacts on the soil and groundwater where a railway line is adjacent to an above ground storage tank farm. Ivey-sol® surfactant mixtures were injected three times during a two week pilot test, into a series of in-situ wells. The soil and groundwater matrix experienced ...


    By Ivey International Inc.

  • Analysis of DNAPL source depletion costs at 36 Field Sites

    Abstract A recent U.S. Environmental Protection Agency expert panel on dense non-aqueous phase liquid (DNAPL) remediation concluded that uncertainty in the costs and benefits of applying source depletion technologies (i.e., active remediation in source zones) is one key factor that discourages widespread use of these technologies at DNAPL sites (Kavanaugh et al., 2003). To reduce this ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • World’s deepest DNAPL remediation confidential site, Los Angeles, California

    TRS Group, Inc (TRS) provided Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) for the remediation of DNAPL at 130-feet belowground surface (ft bgs) at a confidential site located in Los Angeles, CA. This is the world’s deepest remediation of DNAPL using an in situ thermal technology. Total volatile organic compounds (VOCs) of concern include etrachloroethene (PCE), 1,1,1-trichloroethane (TCA), ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

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