domestic wastewater Articles

  • Anaerobic Reactor Design Concepts for the Treatment of Domestic Wastewater

    Since the earlier anaerobic treatment systems, the design concepts were improved from classic reactors like septic tanks and anaerobic ponds, to modern high rate reactor configurations like anaerobic filters, UASB, EGSB, fixed film fluidized bed and expanded bed reactors, and others. In this paper, anaerobic reactors are evaluated considering the historical evolution and types of wastewaters. The ...


    By Springer

  • An Infrastructure Grows · Decentralized Treatment and Recycling Domestic Wastewater

    THE TERM, “decentralized waste-water management,” refers to the process of treating and discharging treated wastewater in the local vicinity where it is generated. Decentralized systems typically use the soil as the final receptor of the treated wastewater instead of discharging to surface waters, which are generally the receptors of treated wastewater from larger centralized treatment plants. ...


  • Flow-rate and pollution characteristics of domestic wastewater

    The characteristics of the flow-rate and pollution parameters of the domestic wastewater of a medium-size city (Sivas, Turkey) have been investigated. The design and the operating parameters of a wastewater treatment plant appropriate to such a settlement were also studied. Daily and monthly flow-rate measurements and wastewater samples were taken at the outlet. Peak values of the flow-rate were ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Domestic wastewater treatment with CEPT-wetlands process

    This study aimed to develop an effective process with less construction and operation cost and with flexibility of meeting different temperature requirements, namely CEPT-construted wetland processes. To reduce the chemical cost for the CEPT process, fly ash was firstly utilised to develop an efficient compound coagulant. The lab-scale experimental results showed that with low Fly Ash Coagulant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrodynamic characterisation of an airlift reactor for domestic wastewater treatment

    This study evaluates the hydrodynamic and mass–transfer behaviour of a 20–L airlift photobioreactor, employed for secondary wastewater treatment of domestic effluent. Gas hold–up (ε), as well as the volumetric mass transfer coefficient (kLa) was assessed as a function of superficial gas velocity (Ug) for both bi– and triphasic systems. In the experimental range of Ug ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Classification of contaminants and treatability evaluation of domestic wastewater

    Long-term sampling and analysis were conducted in a domestic wastewater treatment plant for the investigation on the characteristics of the representative contaminants in raw sewage such as SS, COD, BOD5, TP, and TN. All these constituents were classified into dissolved and suspended groups by using a 0.45-μm membrane filter, and the concentration of each constituent in each group was ...


    By Springer

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater by a hybrid natural system

    The present study addresses performance evaluation of a hybrid natural system comprising of settling tank, sand-gravel filter (SGF), aerated constructed wetland (ACW) and vermifilter (VF) for the treatment of domestic wastewater. The sequential batch experiments were conducted in a pilot-scale experimental set-up. The biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) was varied from 20 to 120 mg/L and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Floating treatment wetlands for domestic wastewater treatment

    Floating islands are a form of treatment wetland characterized by a mat of synthetic matrix at the water surface into which macrophytes can be planted and through which water passes. We evaluated two matrix materials for treating domestic wastewater, recycled plastic and recycled carpet fibers, for chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal. These materials were compared to pea gravel or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Post-Treatment Options for the Anaerobic Treatment of Domestic Wastewater

    This paper focuses on the post-treatment options for the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater. Initially, the main limitations of anaerobic systems regarding carbon, nutrients and pathogen removal are presented. In sequence, the advantages of combined anaerobic/aerobic treatment and the main post-treatment options currently in use are discussed, including the presentation of flowsheets and ...


    By Springer

  • Small domestic wastewater treatment using waste materials

    Phosphorus pollution of groundwater from small wastewater system is often considered as a major threat for aquatic habitats. Recirculating biofilters are often used to treat small wastewater systems without significant removal of phosphorus. In this paper, a low-cost waste material (dried alum residual) in pre-treated effluents from recirculating biofilters was examined. Two different types of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban domestic wastewater: how to reduce individual injection?

    The present paper aims to identify ways to reduce pollution injected by residents in the urban wastewater network system. Two approaches are considered. The first one uses flow and pollutant calculation to test whether a polluter can easily be identified in a neighborhood. The second approach uses a survey to examine what incentive would be most effective to influence residents’ behavior. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Possibilities for reuse of treated domestic wastewater in The Netherlands

    The implementation of wastewater reuse is becoming an increasingly important means of supplementing water supply needs and/or reducing costs. The present paper provides examples of possible uses of treated domestic effluent for the three sectors, i.e. public water supply, industrial and agricultural uses with the aim to address the feasibility of these applications. It is concluded that, although ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater characterisation and performance upgrading of a domestic wastewater treatment plant: the Erzincan case

    A detailed characterisation of the incoming wastewater and a performance evaluation were carried out for the domestic wastewater treatment plant of Erzincan City. Conventional characterisation results showed that Erzincan has a medium strength wastewater quality. Structural characterisation of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) indicated that the biodegradable fraction of the total COD was 64.7%. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater using upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor

    This paper presents the findings of the study on treatment of domestic wastewater using a laboratory scale Hybrid Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (HUASB) reactor. The reactor with a working volume of 5.9 L and plastic cut rings as packing media was operated at varying Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) for a period of 110 days. While the COD removal varied from 75-86%, the BOD removal was in the ...

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater using composite ecological system in Chinese rural area

    In this study, a newly developed contaminant removal system for domestic wastewater in rural area was used at the first time in Henan province, China. This composite ecological system (CES) consists of septic tank (ST), improved soil filter (ISF) and surface flow wetland (SFW). The performances of the system was to investigate the removal of biological oxygen demand (BOD), total nitrogen (TN), ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Performance of an ultra-compact biofilm reactor treating domestic and synthetic wastewaters

    The performance of an ultra-compact biofilm reactor (UCBR) treating domestic wastewater (DWW) collected from a local water reclamation plant; and gradually shifting to a mono-type carbon source synthetic wastewater (SWW) combined with DDW (CWW) and finally SWW; was investigated in this study. The total COD concentrations of influent DWW and CWW/SWW were 413.6 ± 80.8 mg/L and 454.9 ± 51.3 mg/L, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Vertical-flow constructed wetlands treating domestic wastewater contaminated by hydrocarbons

    The aim was to compare the impact of different design (aggregate size) and operational (contact time, empty time and chemical oxygen demand (COD) loading) variables on the long-term and seasonal performance of vertical-flow constructed wetland filters operated in tidal flow mode before and after a one-off spill of diesel. Ten different vertical-flow wetland systems were planted with Phragmites ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Pathogen removal from domestic and swine wastewater by experimental constructed wetlands

    This study examined the performance of subsurface flow horizontal wetlands in total coliforms, faecal coliforms, enterococci and Salmonella removal from swine and domestic wastewaters. The effects of organic loading rate, contact time (CT) and the presence of aquatic macrophytes, Typha dominguensis and Typha latifolia, on treatment performance were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Domestic wastewater treatment by a constructed wetland system planted with rice

    The experiments were conducted in four concrete laboratory scale free water surface constructed wetland units 1 m wide, 1.5 m long and 0.8 m deep. Paddy field soil was added to a depth of 0.4 m and rice seedlings (Oryza sativa L.) were transplanted into the units at a density of 25 plants/m2. Domestic wastewater collected from Chiang Mai University was applied into each unit via two different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Dissolved air flotation separation for pretreatment of membrane bioreactor in domestic wastewater treatment

    Due to requiring higher water quality standards over time, new technologies are being employed for wastewater treatment. Dissolved air flotation (DAF) and membrane bioreactor (MBR) technologies are widely employed as new technologies in wastewater treatment. DAF is used due to its excellent separation capability of suspended solids as well as oily material. MBR is used because it may provide a ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you