domestic wastewater treatment Articles

  • Post-Treatment Options for the Anaerobic Treatment of Domestic Wastewater

    This paper focuses on the post-treatment options for the anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater. Initially, the main limitations of anaerobic systems regarding carbon, nutrients and pathogen removal are presented. In sequence, the advantages of combined anaerobic/aerobic treatment and the main post-treatment options currently in use are discussed, including the presentation of flowsheets and ...


    By Springer

  • Floating treatment wetlands for domestic wastewater treatment

    Floating islands are a form of treatment wetland characterized by a mat of synthetic matrix at the water surface into which macrophytes can be planted and through which water passes. We evaluated two matrix materials for treating domestic wastewater, recycled plastic and recycled carpet fibers, for chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal. These materials were compared to pea gravel or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Small domestic wastewater treatment using waste materials

    Phosphorus pollution of groundwater from small wastewater system is often considered as a major threat for aquatic habitats. Recirculating biofilters are often used to treat small wastewater systems without significant removal of phosphorus. In this paper, a low-cost waste material (dried alum residual) in pre-treated effluents from recirculating biofilters was examined. Two different types of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Domestic wastewater treatment with CEPT-wetlands process

    This study aimed to develop an effective process with less construction and operation cost and with flexibility of meeting different temperature requirements, namely CEPT-construted wetland processes. To reduce the chemical cost for the CEPT process, fly ash was firstly utilised to develop an efficient compound coagulant. The lab-scale experimental results showed that with low Fly Ash Coagulant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Hydrodynamic characterisation of an airlift reactor for domestic wastewater treatment

    This study evaluates the hydrodynamic and mass–transfer behaviour of a 20–L airlift photobioreactor, employed for secondary wastewater treatment of domestic effluent. Gas hold–up (ε), as well as the volumetric mass transfer coefficient (kLa) was assessed as a function of superficial gas velocity (Ug) for both bi– and triphasic systems. In the experimental range of Ug ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater by a hybrid natural system

    The present study addresses performance evaluation of a hybrid natural system comprising of settling tank, sand-gravel filter (SGF), aerated constructed wetland (ACW) and vermifilter (VF) for the treatment of domestic wastewater. The sequential batch experiments were conducted in a pilot-scale experimental set-up. The biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) was varied from 20 to 120 mg/L and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Anaerobic Reactor Design Concepts for the Treatment of Domestic Wastewater

    Since the earlier anaerobic treatment systems, the design concepts were improved from classic reactors like septic tanks and anaerobic ponds, to modern high rate reactor configurations like anaerobic filters, UASB, EGSB, fixed film fluidized bed and expanded bed reactors, and others. In this paper, anaerobic reactors are evaluated considering the historical evolution and types of wastewaters. The ...


    By Springer

  • An Infrastructure Grows · Decentralized Treatment and Recycling Domestic Wastewater

    THE TERM, “decentralized waste-water management,” refers to the process of treating and discharging treated wastewater in the local vicinity where it is generated. Decentralized systems typically use the soil as the final receptor of the treated wastewater instead of discharging to surface waters, which are generally the receptors of treated wastewater from larger centralized treatment plants. ...


  • Wastewater characterisation and performance upgrading of a domestic wastewater treatment plant: the Erzincan case

    A detailed characterisation of the incoming wastewater and a performance evaluation were carried out for the domestic wastewater treatment plant of Erzincan City. Conventional characterisation results showed that Erzincan has a medium strength wastewater quality. Structural characterisation of the chemical oxygen demand (COD) indicated that the biodegradable fraction of the total COD was 64.7%. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Low-temperature limitation of bioreactor sludge in anaerobic treatment of domestic wastewater

    Two strategies exist for seeding low-temperature anaerobic reactors: the use of specialist psychrophilic biomass or mesophilic bioreactor sludge acclimated to low temperature. We sought to determine the low-temperature limitation of anaerobic sludge from a bioreactor acclimated to UK temperatures (<15 °C). Anaerobic incubation tests using low-strength real domestic wastewater (DWW) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • High strength domestic wastewater treatment with submerged forward osmosis membrane bioreactor

    Forward osmosis membranes are less prone to fouling with high rejection of salts, and the osmotic membrane bioreactor (OMBR) can be considered as an innovative membrane technology for wastewater treatment. In this study, a submerged OMBR having a cellulose triacetate membrane, with the active layer facing the feed solution configuration, was operated at different organic loading rates (OLRs), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater with an anaerobic ceramic membrane bioreactor (AnCMBR)

    In this study, a ceramic membrane with a pore size of 80 nm was incorporated into an anaerobic membrane bioreactor for excellent stability and integrity. Chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal efficiencies by biodegradation reached 78.6 ± 6.0% with mixed liquor suspended solids (MLSS) of 12.8 ± 1.2 g/L. Even though the total methane generated was 0.3 ± 0.03 L/g CODutilized, around 67.4% of it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effective carbon and nutrient treatment solutions for mixed domestic-industrial wastewater in India

    The present study evaluates effectiveness of up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) reactor followed by two post-anaerobic treatment options, namely free-surface, up-flow constructed wetland (FUP-CW) and oxygen-limited anaerobic nitrification/denitrification (OLAND) processes in treating sewage from the peri-urban areas in India receiving illegal industrial infiltrations. The UASB studies ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluation of different configurations of hybrid membrane bioreactors for treatment of domestic wastewater

    Four membrane bioreactors (MBRs) with the same dimensions were studied for 180 days: three hybrid growth membrane bioreactors with biofilm attached in different packing media and a conventional MBR (C-MBR). The four MBRs had an identical membrane module of hollow fiber with a nominal porous diameter of 0.4 μm. The MBRs were: (1) a C-MBR; (2) a moving bed membrane bioreactor (MB-MBR), ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of temperature on the treatment of domestic wastewater with a staged anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor

    A laboratory staged anaerobic fluidized membrane bioreactor (SAF-MBR) system was applied to the treatment of primary clarifier effluent from a domestic wastewater treatment plant with temperature decreasing from 25 to 10 °C. At all temperatures and with a total hydraulic retention time of 2.3 h, overall chemical oxygen demand (COD) and biochemical oxygen demand (BOD5) removals were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Constructed Wetlands for Domestic Wastewater Treatment and its Reuse in Irrigation

    Introduction This project focuses on South Europe, the region important for tourism and agricultural production, both activities with high water demand. Mentioned region is already experiencing problems with water scarcity and the situation is expected to worsen according to the international prognosis (Angelakis et al, 1999). Climate change could cause problems with water supply and water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aerobic granular sludge technology and nitrogen removal for domestic wastewater treatment

    This study evaluated aerobic granulation and nitrogen removal via assimilation, nitrification, and denitrification of a system fed with real domestic wastewater. The granulation process was complete after 160 days of operation. The mature granules had an almost spherical structure, an average size of 473.0 μm, and a good settling ability (SVI30 of 75.6 mL g−1). Ammonium ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater using composite ecological system in Chinese rural area

    In this study, a newly developed contaminant removal system for domestic wastewater in rural area was used at the first time in Henan province, China. This composite ecological system (CES) consists of septic tank (ST), improved soil filter (ISF) and surface flow wetland (SFW). The performances of the system was to investigate the removal of biological oxygen demand (BOD), total nitrogen (TN), ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater using upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor

    This paper presents the findings of the study on treatment of domestic wastewater using a laboratory scale Hybrid Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (HUASB) reactor. The reactor with a working volume of 5.9 L and plastic cut rings as packing media was operated at varying Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) for a period of 110 days. While the COD removal varied from 75-86%, the BOD removal was in the ...

  • Domestic wastewater treatment with a decentralized, simple technology biomass concentrator reactor

    A new type of membrane-like aerobic reactor initially designed for the degradation of hydrocarbon-derived groundwater contaminants was tested for treating domestic wastewater. The biomass concentrator reactor (BCR) consists of an enclosed, aerated tank containing a graded filtration medium with the function of solids separation, and was previously used to treat industrial wastewaters ...


    By IWA Publishing

Need help finding the right suppliers? Try XPRT Sourcing. Let the XPRTs do the work for you