domestic water Articles

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Taming the waters: strategies to domesticate the wicked problems of water resource management

    Increasing demands on water resource organisations are explored in three large US river basins: the Columbia River, Southern California, and the Potomac River Basin/Chesapeake Bay in the Washington DC metropolitan area. Interviews with staff of water management organisations revealed a strong preference for strategies that consolidate resources and over-build systems in order to provide reliable, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Tackling water losses through improved domestic water bills

    The domestic water bills that municipalities send out to consumers on a monthly basis are a key interface between local government and citizens. Being a legal instrument, as well as a communication medium, the consumers' level of understanding of their water bills and the confidence in the information provided is therefore indicative of their effectiveness. A lack of understanding of bills ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Applicability of domestic grey water reuse for alleviation of water crisis in Dhaka City

    Overdependency on ground water resources for meeting the daily water demand in Dhaka City is leading to excessive pressure on ground water aquifer systems and is deepening the ground water table every year. This paper focuses on how reuse of grey water generated from different sources of domestic purposes every day can alter the considerable daily water demand in this city. Sampling and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Taming the waters: strategies to domesticate the wicked problems of water resource management

    Increasing demands on water resource organisations are explored in three large US river basins: the Columbia River, Southern California, and the Potomac River Basin/Chesapeake Bay in the Washington DC metropolitan area. Interviews with staff of water management organisations revealed a strong preference for strategies that consolidate resources and over-build systems in order to provide reliable, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The domestic disinfection and safe storage of water project, Montero, Bolivia preliminary report

    Since January of 1991, more than one million people in Latin America have become ill from cholera, and of these, almost nine thousand have died. Various investigations in Latin America have demonstrated that water was the most important source of transmission of this illness during the first six years of life. There were many risk factors for cholera transmission through water: municipal water, ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Occurrence of toxic cyanobacteria and microcystin toxin in domestic water storage reservoirs, Egypt

    Residents in many developing countries store treated drinking water in tanks or reservoirs because of intermittent and infrequent water supplies. Many studies have focused on bacterial contamination of domestic reservoir waters, the cyanobacterial and algal contamination is largely unexplored. Therefore, the present study investigates toxic cyanobacteria and their microcystin (MC) toxins in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality management for domestic rainwater harvesting systems in Fiji

    Health risks from drinking rainwater are relatively small in the developing world context, but action is needed to ensure water safety. Water safety plans (WSPs) use an approach to manage water quality that has shown signs of success with public and communal water supplies, but relatively little research has been done to investigate the application of WSPs to self-supply systems. The aim of this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An analysis of domestic water management performance across regions in Taiwan

    This study presents an indicator to measure the performance of domestic water management that focuses on raw water consumption and sewage treatment by using the data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique. The data are extracted from twenty-two counties/cities in Taiwan covering the period of 2009–2011, and eventually sixty-six observations are obtained. We compare the management ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Cost recovery in times of demographic change: Portugal's domestic water policy

    Cost recovery is a key tenet of the Water Framework Directive, but scalar implications of this in the domestic water sector are rarely addressed. It is more expensive to supply water services to rural populations owing to cost of provision across areas which are extensive yet sparsely populated; however, residents in rural areas often have lower incomes than urban populations. Taking the case of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Aggregation and biofilm formation of bacteria isolated from domestic drinking water

    The objective of this study was to investigate the autoaggregation, coaggregation and biofilm formation of four bacteria namely Sphingobium, Xenophilus, Methylobacterium and Rhodococcus isolated from drinking water. Auto and coaggregation studies were performed by both qualitative (DAPI staining) and semi-quantitative (visual coaggregation) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Possibilities for reuse of treated domestic wastewater in The Netherlands

    The implementation of wastewater reuse is becoming an increasingly important means of supplementing water supply needs and/or reducing costs. The present paper provides examples of possible uses of treated domestic effluent for the three sectors, i.e. public water supply, industrial and agricultural uses with the aim to address the feasibility of these applications. It is concluded that, although ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Challenges in addressing variability of lead in domestic plumbing

    Current data indicates that lead exposure is of concern even at low concentrations. Corrosion is an important problem in drinking water because it can affect public health due to leaching of lead or other metals into the drinking water. For this reason, a corrosion control program is an important measure to help mitigate exposure to lead in drinking water. The biggest challenge that remains in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A comparative study of greywater from domestic and public buildings

    Greywater (GW) can be an important resource for urban water consumption, replacing potable water for purposes that do not require drinking water quality. If applied on a large scale, this practice will reduce the potable water demand and the wastewater produced in urban areas, minimizing the negative impacts and costs of water extraction and wastewater treatment. A correct characterization of GW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Top Tips for Using Rainwater Domestically & Commercially

    Did you know that rainwater can be used (instead of mains water) for a huge number of activities and tasks domestically and commercially (inside and outside). As an alternative water source, rainwater recycling can help reduce typical household water usage by up to 70%, with hot water applications by as much as 85%. ...


    By Gutter Mate Ltd

  • Domestic heating systems are more efficient with Scalewatcher

    In hard water areas plumbing, hot water systems and appliances quickly become encrusted with limescale resulting in increasing energy bills and the early renewal of boilers and appliances.  The award-winning, patented, Scalewatcher water-conditioner, from Scalewatcher North America, offers a simple and permanent solution to limescale thereby reducing energy bills and making heating systems ...

  • Environmental policy relating to domestic laundry in the European Union

    Environmental policy relating to consumer markets usually focuses on the impact of products. However, it may be possible to develop more effective policies by focusing more broadly on consumer activities for which a range of products may be used. This study evaluates the total environmental impact of domestic laundering in the European Union (EU), assessing the relative impact of textiles, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Classification of contaminants and treatability evaluation of domestic wastewater

    Long-term sampling and analysis were conducted in a domestic wastewater treatment plant for the investigation on the characteristics of the representative contaminants in raw sewage such as SS, COD, BOD5, TP, and TN. All these constituents were classified into dissolved and suspended groups by using a 0.45-μm membrane filter, and the concentration of each constituent in each group was ...


    By Springer

  • Floating treatment wetlands for domestic wastewater treatment

    Floating islands are a form of treatment wetland characterized by a mat of synthetic matrix at the water surface into which macrophytes can be planted and through which water passes. We evaluated two matrix materials for treating domestic wastewater, recycled plastic and recycled carpet fibers, for chemical oxygen demand (COD) and nitrogen removal. These materials were compared to pea gravel or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Domestic wastewater treatment with CEPT-wetlands process

    This study aimed to develop an effective process with less construction and operation cost and with flexibility of meeting different temperature requirements, namely CEPT-construted wetland processes. To reduce the chemical cost for the CEPT process, fly ash was firstly utilised to develop an efficient compound coagulant. The lab-scale experimental results showed that with low Fly Ash Coagulant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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