domestic water disinfection Articles

  • The domestic disinfection and safe storage of water project, Montero, Bolivia preliminary report

    Since January of 1991, more than one million people in Latin America have become ill from cholera, and of these, almost nine thousand have died. Various investigations in Latin America have demonstrated that water was the most important source of transmission of this illness during the first six years of life. There were many risk factors for cholera transmission through water: municipal water, ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • UV technology - unique in water disinfection

    Due to its undisputable Success &  Efficiency in destroying Cryptosporidium and Combined Chlorine, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Recommend installing UV Systems It has taken many years of testing to convince the pool market that the most reliable and best available option for treating and disinfecting water is through using Ultraviolet (UV) technology. UV systems ...


    By ESCO International

  • A Regulatory Perspective on Maintenance of Disinfection Systems

    ABSTRACTThe Clean Water Act contains requirements to set water quality standards for all contaminants, including bacterial contaminants, in surface waters. Wastewater treatment cannot be expected to remove all of the bacterial contaminants, and as a result, many organisms remain in the waste stream. Therefore, disinfection of treated wastewaters is designed to reduce bacterial numbers to a safe ...

  • Chemical disinfection of Legionella in hot water systems biofilm: a pilot-scale 1 study

    Legionella bacteria encounter optimum growing conditions in hot water systems and cooling towers. A pilot-scale 1 unit was built in order to study the biofilm disinfection. It consisted of two identical loops, one used as a control and the other as a ‘Test Loop’. A combination of a bio-detergent and a biocide (hydrogen peroxide + peracetic acid) was applied in the Test Loop three times under the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • 16 Oxiperm Pro disinfection systems with flushing capacity for Messe München

    The exhibition organisers need to provide different amounts of domestic water for different kinds of exhibitors. For example, an IT industry exhibition needs a different amount of water to a watersports exhibition. This means that the domestic water pipes need to be designed on basis of the shows which need largest volumes of drinking water. With all sorts of different occupants in the Munich ...


  • Number of residual thermotolerant coliforms on plants and in soil when using reclaimed domestic wastewater for irrigation

    The reclamation of domestic wastewater for irrigation is one alternative approach to solve the water scarcity crisis, but it is essential to control the microbiological quality of wastewater used for irrigation. The removal of thermotolerant coliforms, also known as faecal coliforms (FC), from treated domestic wastewater by intermittent media infiltration (IMI) in column was studied. The columns ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Domestic shower hose biofilms contain fungal species capable of causing opportunistic infection

    The domestic environment can be a source of pathogenic bacteria. We show here that domestic shower hoses may harbour potentially pathogenic bacteria and fungi. Well-developed biofilms were physically removed from the internal surface of shower hoses collected in four locations in England and Scotland. Amplicon pyrosequencing of 16S and 18S rRNA targets revealed the presence of common aquatic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of Microorganisms from Domestic Greywater Using a Recycling Vertical Flow Constructed Wetland (RVFCW)

    ABSTRACTThe reuse of greywater (GW) is an attractive addition to water management options. One of the major concerns limiting GW reuse is the possible presence of harmful microorganisms. In addition to total coliform organisms, enteric organisms (Salmonella, Shigella and poliovirus Type 1 Cryptosporidium, Giardia) and opportunistic pathogens ( Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa) may ...

  • Use of CFD Modelling to Optimise the Design of Upper-room UVGI Disinfection Systems for Ventilated Rooms

    AbstractThe installation of upper-room ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) devices in ventilated rooms has the potential to reduce transmission of infections by an airborne route. However, the performance of such devices is dependant on several factors including the location of the lamp and the ventilation airflow in the room. This study uses a CFD model to evaluate the performance of UVGI ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • Limits of UV disinfection: UV/electrolysis hybrid technology as a promising alternative for direct reuse of biologically treated wastewater

    Although UV irradiation represents an energy efficient disinfection method, bacterial regrowth in UV irradiated secondary effluents is a serious problem for their direct reuse (e.g., for domestic or irrigation purposes). The decrease of the lethal UV fluence caused by coverings (scaling and biofouling) on quartz sleeves of UV lamps and/or fluctuating specific water parameters (suspended solids, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Decentralized Water Reuse

    Water is an integral part of our society today. This vital resource is used in the operations of many industrial processes, human consumption, and for food production to name just a few. The increasing demands for water for agricultural, drinking and industrial processes has put significant strain on global fresh water supplies as the world's population continues to grow. In many parts of the ...

  • Who used your water yesterday?

    The answer to the question above boils down to numbers in the final analysis. With more than half of the world's population already based in urban areas the additional demand for core services such as water is overtaxing capacities for water supply and disposal in many of the world's larger cities. And the problem is only going to get worse. The proportion of the world's population that will be ...


    By GLOBE Foundation

  • Unique technology for monitoring piped water

    INTELLITECT WATER has launched a unique, highly innovative drinking water monitoring technology that will revolutionise the delivery of drinking water. The new technology monitors the quality of water in pipeline distribution networks and for the first time provides reliable data to protect the integrity of the water quality, to enhance customer satisfaction and to improve operational efficiency. ...


    By Intellitect Water Ltd

  • Putting recycled water to use in Washington state

    The LOTT Alliance is the regional wastewater treatment system serving the cities of Lacey, Olympia, Tumwater and northern Thurston County (LOTT) in Washington State. The core of LOTT's long-range wastewater resource management plan is production of Class A Reclaimed Water, which is the highest quality of reclaimed water as designated by the Washington Departments of Health and Ecology. The ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Bacteria-free water - without the use of toxic chemicals - Case Study

    Aarhus University Hospital fought against Legionella bacteria – and won Legionella bacteria thrives in all hot-water supplies and Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov felt the problem firsthand. With the ECA generator from Danish Clean Water A/S they managed to significantly reduce the bacteria and thereby minimizing risks concerning Legionella. Virtually all hospitals, ...

  • Bacteriological and physico-chemical quality assessment of household drinking water in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria

    An investigation on the bacteriological and physico-chemical properties of stored household drinking water in Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria was carried out between April and October, 2008. The drinking water sources considered for examination were harvested rain water, tap water and well water stored in plastic water pots for 2 to 4 days. The waterborne pathogens in the samples that were isolated were ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Primary Drinking Water from Wastewater Effluent: Pilot Test Experience at the Miami Dade South District WWTP

    ABSTRACTThe Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department (MDWASD) owns and operates the South District wastewater Treatment Plant in Goulds, Florida. This is a 225 mgd peak flowrate secondary oxygen activated sludge treatment facility that discharges effluent via deep injection wells. Based upon the detection of nitrogen species in the monitoring wells for the deep injection well system, MDWASD entered ...

  • Sustainable wastewater separation treatment systems coupled with nutrient and water reducing greywater reuse technologies

    Nationally and internationally, pressure is increasing to introduce nutrient reducing, water conserving and recycling measures for sustainable residential and small community water/wastewater systems. Reports of inadequate water quality and quantity are being reported daily. Over the past thirty years the federal government and State of Alaska have invested over 4 billion dollars installing piped ...


    By Equaris Corporation

  • Urban wastewater reuse: a pilot plant experience

    The results of a preliminary verification of domestic wastewater reusability in L'Aquila (Italy) are reported. A Tertiary Treatment Pilot Plant (TTPP), rotary filtration and Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation disinfection, was added to an Urban WasteWater Treatment Plant (UWWTP) to test the compliance with water quality indicated for reuse by the enforced Italian regulation. The TTPP was managed varying ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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