domestic water-use Articles

  • What is a wastewater treatment system and how does it work?

    For industrial companies producing wastewater as part of it’s process, some type of wastewater treatment system is usually necessary to ensure safety precautions and discharge regulations are met. The most appropriate wastewater treatment system will help the facility avoid harming the environment, human health, and a facility’s process or products (especially if the wastewater ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • Domestic collections route optimisation

    Automation (the use on side arm automatic lift on domestic collection runs) over the last 5 years in Australia has changed the economic landscape of residential services dramatically. Yet the manual planning methods that people still use to map out and balance run areas is one of the last areas where the luddites amongst us are still reticent to use new technologies to automate the planning ...


    By Wastedge.com

  • The Elimination of Ethylene in Domestic Refrigerators

    Ethylene is a plant hormone produced naturally by fruit and other plant tissues. It is known as the ripening hormone because it regulates the series of processes associated with the ripening and senescence of fruit. Eliminating ethylene from the environment, both in storage chambers and transport containers, where it is stored in the form of gas, is a widespread practice designed to provide a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Ethylene removal in domestic refrigerators

    Ethylene is a plant hormone produced naturally by fruit and other plant tissues. It is known as the ripening hormone because it regulates the series of processes associated with the ripening and senescence of fruit. Ethylene removal from the environment, both in storage chambers and transport containers, where it is stored in the form of gas, is a widespread practice designed to provide a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Domestic collections complaints management

    This paper will review the way multiple bin-size resident-choice service options per elecoral division are managed by software at Gold Coast City Council. The GCCC model has seen a turn around in the way residential collections are monitored and managed. In this beachside region with a population of some half a million residents, this popular tourist area also supports around 10 million visitors ...


    By Wastedge.com

  • Top Tips for Using Rainwater Domestically & Commercially

    Did you know that rainwater can be used (instead of mains water) for a huge number of activities and tasks domestically and commercially (inside and outside). As an alternative water source, rainwater recycling can help reduce typical household water usage by up to 70%, with hot water applications by as much as 85%. ...


    By Gutter Mate Ltd

  • Small domestic wastewater treatment using waste materials

    Phosphorus pollution of groundwater from small wastewater system is often considered as a major threat for aquatic habitats. Recirculating biofilters are often used to treat small wastewater systems without significant removal of phosphorus. In this paper, a low-cost waste material (dried alum residual) in pre-treated effluents from recirculating biofilters was examined. Two different types of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • RP18 Domestic applications case study

    A role of RP18 goes a long way at home. RP18 can be used for many different applications around the house. It is an excellent filter for cooker hoods. Used as a filter in the kitchen sink to reduce cooking fats blocking up drains. Adsorbs engine oil from leaking cars. · used for car maintenance work. For general use in the home garage. ...

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban domestic water pricing in India and China

    Despite significant differences in political and administrative structures, recent reforms in urban domestic water tariff regimes in India and China have had similar trajectories with important but sometimes nuanced differences. In both countries, there has been a devolution of operational authority to municipal governments and acceptance of greater reliance on cost recovery through user fees. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Interaction relationship between urban domestic energy consumption and water use – a case study of Beijing and Shanghai

    Energy consumption and water use are inextricably linked. Combining research on energy consumption and water use in an urban context provides a scientific basis for the integrated planning of energy and water supply systems. Domestic energy and water are among the most consumed resources in urban environments. Furthermore, domestic resources represent an increasing proportion of the total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A long-term prediction of domestic water demand using preprocessing in artificial neural network

    Both planning and the design of water supply systems require accurate and reliable prediction of water demand. In this study, artificial neural network (ANN) was used to predict the long-term water demand to determine the relationship between dependent and independent parameters. Using the stationary chain to solve the interpolating characteristic of ANNs, the study presents a reliable approach ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Health implications of lipopolysaccharide endotoxins in domestic container water used by rural households in South Africa

    This study assessed the occurrence of endotoxins, cyanobacteria and enterobacteria in untreated drinking water stored in domestic water containers by rural households in South Africa. Endotoxins, cyanobacteria, total coliforms and Escherichia coli were measured in the following numbers and ranges in container-water samples: 4–54 μg l−1, 69–64,505 cells ml−1, 9,000–280,000 CFU/100 ml and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Possibilities for reuse of treated domestic wastewater in The Netherlands

    The implementation of wastewater reuse is becoming an increasingly important means of supplementing water supply needs and/or reducing costs. The present paper provides examples of possible uses of treated domestic effluent for the three sectors, i.e. public water supply, industrial and agricultural uses with the aim to address the feasibility of these applications. It is concluded that, although ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Challenges in addressing variability of lead in domestic plumbing

    Current data indicates that lead exposure is of concern even at low concentrations. Corrosion is an important problem in drinking water because it can affect public health due to leaching of lead or other metals into the drinking water. For this reason, a corrosion control program is an important measure to help mitigate exposure to lead in drinking water. The biggest challenge that remains in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Endosperm size diversity in domesticated, wild, and semiwild soybean

    Past literature documents that domesticated soybean, Glycine max (L.) Merr., has trivial to almost nonexistent galactomannan-containing endosperm in mature dormant seeds. Current preliminary observations confirm limited endosperm for many domesticated soybean accessions, but show that many others have markedly larger endosperm, as do all wild (G. soja Sieb. & Zucc.) and semiwild (G. gracilis ...

  • Domestic heating systems are more efficient with Scalewatcher

    In hard water areas plumbing, hot water systems and appliances quickly become encrusted with limescale resulting in increasing energy bills and the early renewal of boilers and appliances.  The award-winning, patented, Scalewatcher water-conditioner, from Scalewatcher North America, offers a simple and permanent solution to limescale thereby reducing energy bills and making heating systems ...

  • Classification of contaminants and treatability evaluation of domestic wastewater

    Long-term sampling and analysis were conducted in a domestic wastewater treatment plant for the investigation on the characteristics of the representative contaminants in raw sewage such as SS, COD, BOD5, TP, and TN. All these constituents were classified into dissolved and suspended groups by using a 0.45-μm membrane filter, and the concentration of each constituent in each group was ...


    By Springer

  • An Infrastructure Grows · Decentralized Treatment and Recycling Domestic Wastewater

    THE TERM, “decentralized waste-water management,” refers to the process of treating and discharging treated wastewater in the local vicinity where it is generated. Decentralized systems typically use the soil as the final receptor of the treated wastewater instead of discharging to surface waters, which are generally the receptors of treated wastewater from larger centralized treatment plants. ...


  • Environmental policy relating to domestic laundry in the European Union

    Environmental policy relating to consumer markets usually focuses on the impact of products. However, it may be possible to develop more effective policies by focusing more broadly on consumer activities for which a range of products may be used. This study evaluates the total environmental impact of domestic laundering in the European Union (EU), assessing the relative impact of textiles, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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