domestic water-use Articles

  • The Benefits of an Integrated Air and Water Pollution Control Partner

    Although there has been substantial progress during the past several decades in reducing pollution, the EPA, other federal agencies and local governments continue to add and revise requirements and standards, making compliance a challenge for the industrial sector. These companies also face increasing public pressure not just to meet but to exceed pollution control standards, as studies continue ...

  • Ethylene removal in domestic refrigerators

    Ethylene is a plant hormone produced naturally by fruit and other plant tissues. It is known as the ripening hormone because it regulates the series of processes associated with the ripening and senescence of fruit. Ethylene removal from the environment, both in storage chambers and transport containers, where it is stored in the form of gas, is a widespread practice designed to provide a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Domestic collections complaints management

    This paper will review the way multiple bin-size resident-choice service options per elecoral division are managed by software at Gold Coast City Council. The GCCC model has seen a turn around in the way residential collections are monitored and managed. In this beachside region with a population of some half a million residents, this popular tourist area also supports around 10 million visitors ...


    By Wastedge.com

  • Domestic collections route optimisation

    Automation (the use on side arm automatic lift on domestic collection runs) over the last 5 years in Australia has changed the economic landscape of residential services dramatically. Yet the manual planning methods that people still use to map out and balance run areas is one of the last areas where the luddites amongst us are still reticent to use new technologies to automate the planning ...


    By Wastedge.com

  • The Elimination of Ethylene in Domestic Refrigerators

    Ethylene is a plant hormone produced naturally by fruit and other plant tissues. It is known as the ripening hormone because it regulates the series of processes associated with the ripening and senescence of fruit. Eliminating ethylene from the environment, both in storage chambers and transport containers, where it is stored in the form of gas, is a widespread practice designed to provide a ...


    By Bioconservacion SA

  • Top Tips for Using Rainwater Domestically & Commercially

    Did you know that rainwater can be used (instead of mains water) for a huge number of activities and tasks domestically and commercially (inside and outside). As an alternative water source, rainwater recycling can help reduce typical household water usage by up to 70%, with hot water applications by as much as 85%. ...


    By Gutter Mate Ltd

  • Exploring the effects of domestic water management measures to water conservation attitudes using agent based modelling

    The urban water system's sustainable evolution requires managing both water supply and water demand within a complete urban water cycle framework. Such an approach, however, requires tools to analyse and simulate the complete system including both physical and cultural environments. One of the main challenges, in this regard, is the design and development of tools able to simulate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Small domestic wastewater treatment using waste materials

    Phosphorus pollution of groundwater from small wastewater system is often considered as a major threat for aquatic habitats. Recirculating biofilters are often used to treat small wastewater systems without significant removal of phosphorus. In this paper, a low-cost waste material (dried alum residual) in pre-treated effluents from recirculating biofilters was examined. Two different types of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Alternatives for domestic water tariff policy in the municipality of Chania, Greece, toward water saving using game theory

    As defined in the EU Water Framework Directive, every water tariff policy should be fair toward customers, generate legitimate revenue, and motivate consumers toward water saving. In the city of Chania, Greece, the inhabitants have asked for a fairer tariff policy and exhibited the intention to save water under the implementation of stricter measures. Therefore, a two-person zero-sum game was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • RP18 Domestic applications case study

    A role of RP18 goes a long way at home. RP18 can be used for many different applications around the house. It is an excellent filter for cooker hoods. Used as a filter in the kitchen sink to reduce cooking fats blocking up drains. Adsorbs engine oil from leaking cars. · used for car maintenance work. For general use in the home garage. ...

  • A long-term prediction of domestic water demand using preprocessing in artificial neural network

    Both planning and the design of water supply systems require accurate and reliable prediction of water demand. In this study, artificial neural network (ANN) was used to predict the long-term water demand to determine the relationship between dependent and independent parameters. Using the stationary chain to solve the interpolating characteristic of ANNs, the study presents a reliable approach ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Health implications of lipopolysaccharide endotoxins in domestic container water used by rural households in South Africa

    This study assessed the occurrence of endotoxins, cyanobacteria and enterobacteria in untreated drinking water stored in domestic water containers by rural households in South Africa. Endotoxins, cyanobacteria, total coliforms and Escherichia coli were measured in the following numbers and ranges in container-water samples: 4–54 μg l−1, 69–64,505 cells ml−1, 9,000–280,000 CFU/100 ml and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Urban domestic water pricing in India and China

    Despite significant differences in political and administrative structures, recent reforms in urban domestic water tariff regimes in India and China have had similar trajectories with important but sometimes nuanced differences. In both countries, there has been a devolution of operational authority to municipal governments and acceptance of greater reliance on cost recovery through user fees. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Possibilities for reuse of treated domestic wastewater in The Netherlands

    The implementation of wastewater reuse is becoming an increasingly important means of supplementing water supply needs and/or reducing costs. The present paper provides examples of possible uses of treated domestic effluent for the three sectors, i.e. public water supply, industrial and agricultural uses with the aim to address the feasibility of these applications. It is concluded that, although ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Challenges in addressing variability of lead in domestic plumbing

    Current data indicates that lead exposure is of concern even at low concentrations. Corrosion is an important problem in drinking water because it can affect public health due to leaching of lead or other metals into the drinking water. For this reason, a corrosion control program is an important measure to help mitigate exposure to lead in drinking water. The biggest challenge that remains in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An Infrastructure Grows · Decentralized Treatment and Recycling Domestic Wastewater

    THE TERM, “decentralized waste-water management,” refers to the process of treating and discharging treated wastewater in the local vicinity where it is generated. Decentralized systems typically use the soil as the final receptor of the treated wastewater instead of discharging to surface waters, which are generally the receptors of treated wastewater from larger centralized treatment plants. ...


  • A comparative study of greywater from domestic and public buildings

    Greywater (GW) can be an important resource for urban water consumption, replacing potable water for purposes that do not require drinking water quality. If applied on a large scale, this practice will reduce the potable water demand and the wastewater produced in urban areas, minimizing the negative impacts and costs of water extraction and wastewater treatment. A correct characterization of GW ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Environmental policy relating to domestic laundry in the European Union

    Environmental policy relating to consumer markets usually focuses on the impact of products. However, it may be possible to develop more effective policies by focusing more broadly on consumer activities for which a range of products may be used. This study evaluates the total environmental impact of domestic laundering in the European Union (EU), assessing the relative impact of textiles, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Use of domestic sewage effluent for sustainable production of vegetable in Kashmir valley

    Trace metals in discrete portions of knoll kohl were evaluated along with chemical composition of sewage effluent, irrigation water, and soil. High nutrients, Fe and Mn levels were noticed in the sewage effluent, whereas irrigation water showed recommended norms. Knoll kohl grown on sewage-irrigated soil accumulated sufficiently good amount of trace metals available to consumers. This study also ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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