domestic water-use Articles

  • Top Tips for Using Rainwater Domestically & Commercially

    Did you know that rainwater can be used (instead of mains water) for a huge number of activities and tasks domestically and commercially (inside and outside). As an alternative water source, rainwater recycling can help reduce typical household water usage by up to 70%, with hot water applications by as much as 85%. ...


    By Gutter Mate Ltd

  • Exploring the effects of domestic water management measures to water conservation attitudes using agent based modelling

    The urban water system's sustainable evolution requires managing both water supply and water demand within a complete urban water cycle framework. Such an approach, however, requires tools to analyse and simulate the complete system including both physical and cultural environments. One of the main challenges, in this regard, is the design and development of tools able to simulate the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A long-term prediction of domestic water demand using preprocessing in artificial neural network

    Both planning and the design of water supply systems require accurate and reliable prediction of water demand. In this study, artificial neural network (ANN) was used to predict the long-term water demand to determine the relationship between dependent and independent parameters. Using the stationary chain to solve the interpolating characteristic of ANNs, the study presents a reliable approach ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Alternatives for domestic water tariff policy in the municipality of Chania, Greece, toward water saving using game theory

    As defined in the EU Water Framework Directive, every water tariff policy should be fair toward customers, generate legitimate revenue, and motivate consumers toward water saving. In the city of Chania, Greece, the inhabitants have asked for a fairer tariff policy and exhibited the intention to save water under the implementation of stricter measures. Therefore, a two-person zero-sum game was ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Health implications of lipopolysaccharide endotoxins in domestic container water used by rural households in South Africa

    This study assessed the occurrence of endotoxins, cyanobacteria and enterobacteria in untreated drinking water stored in domestic water containers by rural households in South Africa. Endotoxins, cyanobacteria, total coliforms and Escherichia coli were measured in the following numbers and ranges in container-water samples: 4–54 μg l−1, 69–64,505 cells ml−1, 9,000–280,000 CFU/100 ml and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Small domestic wastewater treatment using waste materials

    Phosphorus pollution of groundwater from small wastewater system is often considered as a major threat for aquatic habitats. Recirculating biofilters are often used to treat small wastewater systems without significant removal of phosphorus. In this paper, a low-cost waste material (dried alum residual) in pre-treated effluents from recirculating biofilters was examined. Two different types of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Urban domestic water pricing in India and China

    Despite significant differences in political and administrative structures, recent reforms in urban domestic water tariff regimes in India and China have had similar trajectories with important but sometimes nuanced differences. In both countries, there has been a devolution of operational authority to municipal governments and acceptance of greater reliance on cost recovery through user fees. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An overall idea on domestic waste water treatment

    Before suggesting any advice or guidance on domestic wastewater treatment, let us first learn its meaning. Wastewater is the term that relates to the description of waste water in terms of sewage waste or industrial liquid waste collected is cities and towns and treated at urban waste treatment plants along with the sewages that is generated from single houses in the rural areas and are ...

  • Tackling water losses through improved domestic water bills

    The domestic water bills that municipalities send out to consumers on a monthly basis are a key interface between local government and citizens. Being a legal instrument, as well as a communication medium, the consumers' level of understanding of their water bills and the confidence in the information provided is therefore indicative of their effectiveness. A lack of understanding of bills ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Taming the waters: strategies to domesticate the wicked problems of water resource management

    Increasing demands on water resource organisations are explored in three large US river basins: the Columbia River, Southern California, and the Potomac River Basin/Chesapeake Bay in the Washington DC metropolitan area. Interviews with staff of water management organisations revealed a strong preference for strategies that consolidate resources and over-build systems in order to provide reliable, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Taming the waters: strategies to domesticate the wicked problems of water resource management

    Increasing demands on water resource organisations are explored in three large US river basins: the Columbia River, Southern California, and the Potomac River Basin/Chesapeake Bay in the Washington DC metropolitan area. Interviews with staff of water management organisations revealed a strong preference for strategies that consolidate resources and over-build systems in order to provide reliable, ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Purification of domestic sewage by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes)

    Sewage management is posing serious techno-economic problems in cities, particularly in developing countries. A new technology, sewage purification by water-hyacinth (Eichhornia crassipes), is a possible solution. This paper studied the suitability and effectiveness of water-hyacinth in treating domestic sewage. A 28-day experiment was performed under a controlled environment of a screen-house ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Use of domestic sewage effluent for sustainable production of vegetable in Kashmir valley

    Trace metals in discrete portions of knoll kohl were evaluated along with chemical composition of sewage effluent, irrigation water, and soil. High nutrients, Fe and Mn levels were noticed in the sewage effluent, whereas irrigation water showed recommended norms. Knoll kohl grown on sewage-irrigated soil accumulated sufficiently good amount of trace metals available to consumers. This study also ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Treatment of domestic wastewater using upflow anaerobic sludge blanket reactor

    This paper presents the findings of the study on treatment of domestic wastewater using a laboratory scale Hybrid Upflow Anaerobic Sludge Blanket (HUASB) reactor. The reactor with a working volume of 5.9 L and plastic cut rings as packing media was operated at varying Hydraulic Retention Time (HRT) for a period of 110 days. While the COD removal varied from 75-86%, the BOD removal was in the ...

  • Applicability of domestic grey water reuse for alleviation of water crisis in Dhaka City

    Overdependency on ground water resources for meeting the daily water demand in Dhaka City is leading to excessive pressure on ground water aquifer systems and is deepening the ground water table every year. This paper focuses on how reuse of grey water generated from different sources of domestic purposes every day can alter the considerable daily water demand in this city. Sampling and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • What’s the difference between water use and water consumption?

    In January, Brian Richter, director of freshwater strategies at The Nature Conservancy, spelled out four water resolutions through a thought-provoking series of blog posts. One of those resolutions was to better understand and communicate the differences between water use and water consumption. This is a ...

  • Water quality management for domestic rainwater harvesting systems in Fiji

    Health risks from drinking rainwater are relatively small in the developing world context, but action is needed to ensure water safety. Water safety plans (WSPs) use an approach to manage water quality that has shown signs of success with public and communal water supplies, but relatively little research has been done to investigate the application of WSPs to self-supply systems. The aim of this ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An analysis of domestic water management performance across regions in Taiwan

    This study presents an indicator to measure the performance of domestic water management that focuses on raw water consumption and sewage treatment by using the data envelopment analysis (DEA) technique. The data are extracted from twenty-two counties/cities in Taiwan covering the period of 2009–2011, and eventually sixty-six observations are obtained. We compare the management ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Who used your water yesterday?

    The answer to the question above boils down to numbers in the final analysis. With more than half of the world's population already based in urban areas the additional demand for core services such as water is overtaxing capacities for water supply and disposal in many of the world's larger cities. And the problem is only going to get worse. The proportion of the world's population that will be ...


    By GLOBE SERIES

  • Water Diaries: generate intra-household water use data – generate water use behaviour change

    With the current ‘water crisis’ essentially a crisis in water management, the need to clearly understand domestic water use is critical. In recent years there has been a growing awareness of the need to manage demand in all water sectors. However, demand mechanics at the intra-household scale are not well understood, with many utilities adopting a ‘command and control’ ...


    By IWA Publishing

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