domestic water uv Articles

  • UV technology - unique in water disinfection

    Due to its undisputable Success &  Efficiency in destroying Cryptosporidium and Combined Chlorine, The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Recommend installing UV Systems It has taken many years of testing to convince the pool market that the most reliable and best available option for treating and disinfecting water is through using Ultraviolet (UV) technology. UV systems ...


    By ESCO International

  • The Use Of UV For Dechlorination

    For many years chemical disinfection techniques have been used to provide microbiologically pure water for industrial and domestic use. Free chlorine, typically introduced by municipal water treatment plants in gaseous form, has been employed for many decades as a primary oxidising agent for the control of microbiological growth. Free chlorine can also be introduced through the injection of ...

  • Limits of UV disinfection: UV/electrolysis hybrid technology as a promising alternative for direct reuse of biologically treated wastewater

    Although UV irradiation represents an energy efficient disinfection method, bacterial regrowth in UV irradiated secondary effluents is a serious problem for their direct reuse (e.g., for domestic or irrigation purposes). The decrease of the lethal UV fluence caused by coverings (scaling and biofouling) on quartz sleeves of UV lamps and/or fluctuating specific water parameters (suspended solids, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The structure and origin of dissolved organic matter studied by UV-vis spectroscopy and fluorescence spectroscopy in lake in arid and semi-arid region

    To develop a proper indicator which could predict water quality and trace pollution sources is critically important for the management of sustainable aquatic ecosystem. In our study, seven water samples collected from Wuliangsuhai Lake in Inner Mongolia were used. UV-visible spectra and synchronous fluorescence spectra were applied to investigate the humification degree and aromatic structure of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Comparison of biofilm formation and water quality when water from different sources was stored in large commercial water storage tanks

    Rain-, ground- and municipal potable water were stored in low density polyethylene storage tanks for a period of 90 days to determine the effects of long-term storage on the deterioration in the microbial quality of the water. Total viable bacteria present in the stored water and the resultant biofilms were enumerated using heterotrophic plate counts. Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spectrophotometric characterization of human impacted surface waters in the Moselle watershed

    In order to characterize the pollution discharged into the Moselle River and some of its tributaries, spectroscopic techniques, namely UV–vis spectroscopy and synchronous fluorescence spectroscopy, have been combined. UV–visible spectra were analysed using the maximum of the second derivative at 225 nm (related to nitrates), the SUVA254 and E2/E3 indices (related to the nature of organic matter). ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment Alternatives for Liquid Penetrant Rinse Waters

    Explores the options available to process wastewater generated from liquid penetrant inspection. Rinse waters containing residues from the penetrant inspection process are generated from all but Method C (solvent removal).  The rinse water contains penetrants (Method A), or penetrants and emulsifier (Methods B and D), which contain oils and surfactants.  The water may also contain ...


    By Infinitex Corp.

  • Modeling water supply networks in New Zealand

    Untitled Document Introduction ...


    By Innovyze

  • World’s 37 Most Water-Stressed Countries

    Providing stable freshwater supplies is a priority for every country in the world. Yet stable supplies are increasingly hard to come by in many countries, as water-related risks increase. For example, recent droughts threatened GDP growth in the United States. ...

  • What do oil sands and shale gas have in common? Acute need for sustainable water management solutions

    The world’s appetite for fossil fuels is not abating anytime soon, and the alternatives fall short. Nuclear energy makes people uneasy, coal is perceived as not being that clean, hydroelectric requires massive capital outlays, solar is still improving and the wind just doesn’t always blow. For the foreseeable future, North Americans have embraced the idea that expanded production of ...


    By Biolargo, Inc.

  • Urban wastewater reuse: a pilot plant experience

    The results of a preliminary verification of domestic wastewater reusability in L'Aquila (Italy) are reported. A Tertiary Treatment Pilot Plant (TTPP), rotary filtration and Ultraviolet (UV) Radiation disinfection, was added to an Urban WasteWater Treatment Plant (UWWTP) to test the compliance with water quality indicated for reuse by the enforced Italian regulation. The TTPP was managed varying ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Use of CFD Modelling to Optimise the Design of Upper-room UVGI Disinfection Systems for Ventilated Rooms

    AbstractThe installation of upper-room ultraviolet germicidal irradiation (UVGI) devices in ventilated rooms has the potential to reduce transmission of infections by an airborne route. However, the performance of such devices is dependant on several factors including the location of the lamp and the ventilation airflow in the room. This study uses a CFD model to evaluate the performance of UVGI ...


    By SAGE Publications

  • A Regulatory Perspective on Maintenance of Disinfection Systems

    ABSTRACTThe Clean Water Act contains requirements to set water quality standards for all contaminants, including bacterial contaminants, in surface waters. Wastewater treatment cannot be expected to remove all of the bacterial contaminants, and as a result, many organisms remain in the waste stream. Therefore, disinfection of treated wastewaters is designed to reduce bacterial numbers to a safe ...

  • RO brine treatment and recovery by biological activated carbon and capacitive deionization process

    The generation of brine solutions from dense membrane (reverse osmosis, RO or nanofiltration, NF) water reclamation systems has been increasing worldwide, and the lack of cost effective disposal options is becoming a critical water resources management issue. In Singapore, NEWater is the product of a multiple barrier water reclamation process from secondary treated domestic effluent using ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Factors affecting the performance and risks to human health of on-site wastewater treatment systems

    Aerobic wastewater treatment systems (aerobic systems) are the preferred choice in a region overlying a karstic aquifer used for drinking water supplies, as they are thought to provide better protection to groundwater and human health than standard septic systems. However, aerobic systems in operation do not always perform to design standard; while this is often blamed on lack of maintenance, few ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Misconnections – Birmingham UK case study

    Background STS was invited independently by the Environment Agency and Severn Trent water to carry out a series of monitoring operations in an area which had a history of issues arising from the misconnection of waste water into a “clean” surface water sewer system. Traditionally surveys of this type are carried out using contractors who are tasked to lift manhole covers ...


    By Safe Training Systems Ltd

  • SMF4 case study 2

    Sewer Misconnection Survey Date: March 2010 Location: Edgebaston Birmingham UK Purpose: To test the application of the SMF4 portable fluorimeter in the detection and quantification of organic pollution from faecal matter in Surface water Sewers. Background STS was invited independently by the Environment Agency and Severn ...


    By Safe Training Systems Ltd

  • CPV solar power system

    There are relatively few CPV applications still pursuing Si cells. The idea was somewhat "hot", no pun intended, when there was a silicon shortage going on, but silicon prices have dropped as new capacity has come online and the only successful CPV concepts being marketed which I know of are based on triple junction Ge/GaAs/InGaP or similar cells. These are also rather heat sensitive, and the two ...


    By Power Inverter Co

  • Anti-fungal compounds: emerging environmental contaminants

    Azole fungicides are active ingredients in a range of pharmaceutical and personal care products, and are also used in agriculture. This study reviewed the sources, presence and risks of these compounds in the environment, finding evidence of toxic effects on aquatic organisms. The researchers provide directions for future research and warn caution should be exercised until more toxicity data ...

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