drinking water chemistry Articles

  • High fluoride drinking water in Gokwe, northwest Zimbabwe

    More than 200 million people worldwide are exposed to excessive fluoride in drinking water. According to the World Health Organization, the optimal concentration range of fluoride in drinking water is 0.5 to 1.5 mg/L. Above this range, populations may contract dental fluorosis or, in severe cases, crippling skeletal fluorosis. In the Gokwe area in NW Zimbabwe, where drinking water contains up ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • On the Seasonal Changes in the Surface Water Chemistry of Museum Lake, Thiruvananthapuram, Kerala, India

    The surface water chemistry of Thiruvananthapuram Museum Lake was carried out in the period of February 2013 to January 2014. Correlation study of the parameters and overall CCME WQI (Canadian Council of Ministers of the Environment Water quality Index) was also prepared in the study for the lake water. The parameters analysed are cations such as Ca2+, Na+, Mg2+ and K+ and the anions like PO4-, ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Life cycle analysis of two Hungarian drinking water arsenic removal technologies

    Determining a technology's merit as a solution to Hungarian drinking water arsenic contamination goes beyond technical concerns: environmental and economic aspects also play very important roles. In an effort to address the current arsenic drinking water requirements in Hungary, life cycle analysis (LCA) methodology was applied on two example arsenic removal technologies, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Geostatistical Analysis for Hydrogeochemical Characterization of the Han River, Korea: Identification of Major Factors Governing Water Chemistry

    The Han River is the largest river in South Korea in terms of its length, drainage and mean annual discharge. The river is of importance for cultural and economic reasos because it is a unique source of drinking water for more than 20 million people living in Seoul and its surrounding areas. Intensive industrial development in Seoul during the last four decades has greatly increased the risk for ...


    By Springer

  • How Does Lead Get into Drinking Water? How Can Local Municipalities Remove It?

    In light of the Flint water crisis—when, in 2014, Flint officials changed the city’s water source from the Detroit Water and Sewerage Department to the Flint River, leaching unsafe levels of lead into the public water supply due to improper treatment—many people are wondering if the same thing could happen in their own communities and homes. Some folks believe this could be the ...


    By SAMCO Technologies, Inc.

  • A construction of water quality index considering physicochemical properties for drinking purposes in a rural settlement: a case study of Gajraula region, Ganga River Basin (North India)

    A simple methodology based on several key variables of groundwater chemistry is used to create a water quality index (WQI), with the aim of monitoring the influence of industrial and rapid urbanization on a typical rural settlement. The applicability of the constructed indices as an assessment and communication tool is evaluated in a case study of Gajraula and its suburb of JP Nagar district in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water Quality in South Asia

    Abstract:There are significant differences in the water chemistry of the Himalayan and southern peninsular rivers. Large and small rivers also show different types of water quality. Liquid and solid waste definitely contribute to water quality in urban centres such as Delhi and even coastal regions, as near Mumbai, are affected by waste discharges. The sub-continent also suffers from problems ...


  • Chemical pollutants in water emerge

    Recent advances in contaminant identification methodologies, sampling instrumentation, and analytical chemistry have caused an explosion of knowledge about the presence of previously undetected organic micropollutants. While it doesn"t follow that the mere presence of chemical contaminants results in harm, public health experts, regulators, and others aren"t sitting idly by. Given the necessity ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Occurrence of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances in the water environment and their removal in a water treatment process

    Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) such as perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), and perfluorooctane sulfonate (PFOS) are found in aquatic environments worldwide. The presence of these compounds in the water environment is still unclear, even though direct or indirect discharges of these compounds from industries to the aquatic environment are the potential routes. In this paper, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • How LEDs Will Change Water Purification

    Ultraviolet (UV) light has been naturally purifying water for centuries. With clear skies, our sun can inactivate water-based pathogens in six hours minimum. Cloudy skies or unclear water causes imperfect conditions. These conditions allow for bacteria to grow and make natural water sources unsafe to use. Fortunately, we have developed several types of water disinfection, ranging from chemicals ...


    By AquiSense Technologies

  • Ultraviolet Light Oxidation of Free-Chlorine in Water

    Chlorine is the most frequently used chemical for water disinfection. Many industrial and commercial manufacturing facilities cannot tolerate the introduction of chlorine into the process because of contamination and unwanted chemical reactions. Chlorine affects the flavour and odour of drinks and fluids, accelerates corrosion on process vessels and piping, and can also damage delicate process ...

  • Utilizing unconventional water sources for industrial reuse

    Reclamation and reuse of unconventional wastewater sources for plant raw water, cooling water and process pre-treatment has increased substantially due to increases in the cost of drinking water, recurring water shortages that can impact business operations, and tightening government regulation. Water is required in almost every industrial sector for the processing and manufacture of products. ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • A solution to fracturing water supply and disposal issues

    “Water, water, everywhere, Nor any drop to drink.” –The Rime of the Ancient Mariner, Samuel Taylor Coleridge Many topics of conversation among oil and gas industry professionals are predictable – oil price trends, the “great shift change” imperiling the available workforce, and production quotas and caps from OPEC. Yet one pressing topic among those developing ...


    By Fairmount Santrol

  • What to do about the antidepressants, antibiotics and other drugs in our water

    As pharmaceuticals taint rivers and lakes, scientists search for solutions. There’s no way around it, the headlines are disturbing. And they come, not from tabloids or click-bait blogs, but from papers published in scientific journals. They describe fish and birds responding with altered behavior and reproductive systems to antidepressants, diabetes medication, and other ...


    By Ensia

  • Portuguese Brewery Saves 72 Million Liters of Water Annually with GE Technology

    Sociedade Central de Cervejas e Bebidas (SCC), a brewery in Vialonga near Lisbon, Portugal, has significantly reduced water usage by improving operating performance and reliability with help from GE’s (NYSE: GE) advanced membranes and water chemical technology. The site reused wastewater to its cooling towers, which enabled it to reduce its yearly water discharge by 72 million liters and ...


    By General Electric

  • Taming taste and odor (T & O) problems in a water treatment plant

    Taming Taste & Odor (T&O) Problems Some taste and odors are caused by mineral constituents in the water, e.g. excess chlorine and hydrogen sulfide. However the majority of taste and odor are the result of biologic activity. Spring turnover of lakes and algal blooms are responsible for Blue-green algae (Cyanobacterium), Green algae and diatoms that introduce filter clogging organisms ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

  • Optimizing water management in hydraulic fracturing for shale oil and gas production

    Centralized treatment of wastewater is emerging as a viable solution for long-term efficiency in managing water sourcing and wastewater treatment in hydraulic fracturing. The number of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) shale oil and gas wells in the United States continues to increase. Within the Bakken Shale formation alone, in North Dakota and Montana, upwards of 15,000 hydraulic fracturing ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Optimizing Water Management in Hydraulic Fracturing for Shale Oil and Gas Production

    Centralized treatment of wastewater is emerging as a viable solution for long-term efficiency in managing water sourcing and wastewater treatment in hydraulic fracturing. The number of hydraulic fracturing (fracking) shale oil and gas wells in the United States continues to increase. Within the Bakken Shale formation alone, in North Dakota and Montana, upwards of 15,000 hydraulic fracturing ...


    By WesTech Engineering, Inc.

  • Child-education program for the reduction of health risks due to fluoride in water sources in the Chiang Mai Basin, Thailand

    Groundwater is the major source of drinking water in Lamphun Province in the Chiang Mai Basin, Thailand. However, groundwater contains high fluoride up to 16 mg F/L, which has caused dental and skeletal fluorosis. Although Thai Government installed RO membrane plants for the removal of fluoride from groundwater; and delivers RO-filtered bottled water that contains less fluoride than the Thai ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

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