drinking water quality Articles

  • What are the main indicators of water quality?

    “Water is the driving force of all nature;” so said Leonardo da Vinci. The survival of our planet depends on the availability of water and the condition that it is in. It is therefore vital to make sure that it is able to provide a hospitable environment for those that live in it, and is free from harmful levels of substances for those that drink it. Not ...


    By Aquaread Limited

  • Drinking Water Quality

    Drinking water or potable water is water of sufficiently high quality that it can be consumed or used without risk of immediate or long term harm. In most developed countries, the water supplied to households, commerce and industry is all of drinking water standard, even though only a very small ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Quality

    The quality of drinking-water is a powerful environmental determinant of health. Drinking-water quality management has been a key pillar of primary prevention for over one-and-a-half centuries and it continues to be the foundation for the prevention and control of waterborne diseases. Water is essential for life, but it can and does transmit disease in countries in all continents – from the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Types of Water Treatment Systems

    There are different types of water treatment systems, and knowing the difference between them can help you make an informed decision on just what type of treatment you’ll need for your water. There is no best water treatment system that will meet everyone’s needs—each system has its benefits and deficiencies. Here are a few ...

  • Where Is the Most Water Reuse Taking Place?

    Water reuse is becoming increasingly important as water scarcity becomes prevalent throughout the world. Whether it’s referred to as water reuse, water recycling, water reclamation, or another name, the resulting purified wastewater can be used in many applications, both potable and nonpotable. In some places, water reuse has been slow to catch on, particularly because of the so-called ...


    By Fluence Corporation

  • Organisational arrangements and drinking water quality

    This paper discusses the findings of a research project which explored the impact of varying organisational arrangements on drinking water quality in England and Wales, and the Republic of Ireland. It is established that drinking water quality has been of a consistently higher standard in England and Wales in comparison with the Republic of Ireland. It is also demonstrated that the associated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water quality monitoring using trend analysis

    One of the common quality parameters for drinking water is residual aluminium. High doses of residual aluminium in drinking water or water used in the food industry have been proved to be at least a minor health risk or even to increase the risk of more serious health effects, and cause economic losses to the water treatment plant. In this study, the trend index is developed from scaled ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evolution of regulatory targets for drinking water quality

    The last century has been marked by major advances in the understanding of microbial disease risks from water supplies and significant changes in expectations of drinking water safety. The focus of drinking water quality regulation has moved progressively from simple prevention of detectable waterborne outbreaks towards adoption of health-based targets that aim to reduce infection and disease to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Effect of agro-activities on drinking-water quality in Bangladesh

    Fifty-nine samples of drinking water were collected from various locations in Bangladesh to assess the impact of agricultural practices on groundwater quality. The basic groundwater quality parameters, such as pH, total dissolved solids, iron, sodium, chloride, sulfate, fluoride and arsenic were analysed. In addition, the presence of excess fertilizers was monitored by measuring levels of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Turbidity tubes for drinking water quality assessments

    Turbidity tubes have been considered to be the field method of choice for drinking water quality monitoring in resource-limited contexts because of their relative simplicity and low cost in comparison with conventional (nephelometric) turbidimeters. These tubes utilise the principle of visual extinction of a submerged target for turbidity determination and were therefore thought to be subject to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Managing water quality impacts from drought on drinking water supplies

    Droughts, which are difficult to predict, are a natural feature of the hydrology in most regions. Climate change, however, has the potential to increase the frequency and magnitude of future droughts. While the lack of water availability during droughts is widely publicized, there are equally severe water quality impacts that occur during and after droughts as well. Recent droughts have led to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Hydrodynamic modelling and forecasting of microbial water quality in a drinking water source

    Faecal contamination often enters drinking water sources through emergency discharges, which occur as a result of technical malfunctions or a hydraulic overload of the sewer system during periods of heavy rain. In October–November 2012, several emergency discharges entered Lake Rådasjön – a drinking water source for Gothenburg, Sweden. To describe and forecast the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality for irrigation and drinking water use of Aflaj in Oman

    The Sultanate of Oman is an arid country with scarce water resources mainly consisting of groundwater. Aflaj are artificial canals constructed centuries ago to transfer horizontally the groundwater to a location at the surface. The water quality of these Aflaj is a very important factor to be considered for healthy and safe use of this water. This paper aimed to study the characteristics of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Future of Drinking Water

    Predicted future growth in population numbers and rising sea levels mean demand for drinking water will continue to increase just as the natural availability of freshwater decreases. It is likely that brackish groundwater will be an important source of drinking water in the future, but the current methods used to produce fresh water from this source are expensive in terms of their energy use and ...


    By Boode Waterwell Systems

  • Drinking Water Standards

    The most important point of departure for drinking water standards is the World Health Organisation Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. These are widely used throughout the world with the exception of parts of North America. WHO’s Guidelines have evolved over a period of 50 years from standards to guidelines, reflecting the fact that they have no legal force. The WHO emphasises that it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quality and suitability of harvested rainwater for drinking in Bangladesh

    Several programs have been undertaken during the last few years to install rooftop rainwater harvesting systems as an alternative drinking water supply source both in the coastal and arsenic affected areas in Bangladesh. In this study, quality of the harvested rainwater used for drinking water supply was assessed. A total of 308 harvested rainwater samples were collected from the different ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water in rural India: a study of deficiency, quality and some social implications

    There is no doubt that accessibility of drinking water for rural households in India has increased over the decades, partly owing to concerted efforts by the state and partly owing to a rise in income of the people. Public provision of drinking water is primarily made through the tap whereas private provision is through the tube well. Households opt more for a tube well than for other sources ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of intestinal microorganisms and protozoan parasites on drinking water quality in Harare, Zimbabwe

    The presence of microorganisms and their potential impacts on drinking water from boreholes, bowsers, lakes, rivers, springs, taps and wells was investigated in peri-urban settlements around Harare. Escherichia coli, Salmonella sp., Vibrio cholerae and faecal streptococci were present in all water sources except for the boreholes and bowsers. Rivers, lake and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Assessment of groundwater quality and health risk in drinking water basin using GIS

    Eğirdir Lake basin was selected as the study area because the lake is the second largest freshwater lake in Turkey and groundwater in the basin is used as drinking water. In the present study, 29 groundwater samples were collected and analyzed for physico-chemical parameters to determine the hydrochemical characteristics, groundwater quality, and human health risk in the study area. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Converting rain into drinking water: quality issues and technological advances

    With growing pressures on water supplies worldwide, rainwater harvesting is increasingly seen as a viable option to provide drinking water to an ever expanding population, particularly in developing countries. However, rooftop runoff is not without quality issues. Microbiological and chemical contamination have been detected in several studies, well above local and international guidelines, ...


    By IWA Publishing

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