drinking water reference standard Articles

  • UK experience in the monitoring and control of lead in drinking water

    At the zonal scale (e.g. a city or town), random daytime (RDT) sampling succeeded in demonstrating both the need for corrective action and the benefits of optimised orthophosphate dosing for plumbosolvency control, despite initial concerns about sampling reproducibility. Stagnation sampling techniques were found to be less successful. Optimised treatment measures to minimise lead in drinking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • ASTM Standards Help Meet Need for Clean Water

    The new ASTM Water Portal provides a single access point to standards and related information about ASTM International’s diverse committees working to protect and monitor this vital global resource. Clean and safe water is the underpinning of the quality of life for people around the world. Global economies depend on water, whether it’s to support the manufacturing of goods ...


    By ASTM International

  • Utility of the laser particle counter for determination of drinking-water toxicity

    Particle toxicity in various water samples depends on the mixture of toxicants in each sample. Toxicity values for different samples can be expressed using the new metric: Particle Toxicity. Use of the Spectrex PC-2000 was the instrument of choice in enumerating the particle concentrations for the calculation of the particle toxicity of drinking-water and reference toxicant suspensions. ...


    By Spectrex Corporation

  • ASHRAE Standard 188P: Prevention of Legionellosis Associated with Building Water Systems

    For Presentation at the AWT 2011 Convention and Exposition  The American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-conditioning Engineers (ASHRAE) has developed a proposed Standard Practice that specifies what is required to prevent legionellosis associated with building water systems. Standard 188P is a “Practices” standard – not a “Design” or ...


    By Phigenics, LLC

  • Blending as the best compliance option for the management of radioactivity in drinking water supplied from the deep sandstone aquifer in Southern Jordan

    This paper describes management options and interventions taken by the Government of Jordan to ensure that the quality of drinking water supplied to consumers via the Disi Water Conveyance Project (DWCP) meets Jordanian drinking water standards and WHO guidelines for drinking water quality in respect of their radiological composition. Results from an initial survey of radioactivity present in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Primary Drinking Water from Wastewater Effluent: Pilot Test Experience at the Miami Dade South District WWTP

    ABSTRACTThe Miami-Dade Water and Sewer Department (MDWASD) owns and operates the South District wastewater Treatment Plant in Goulds, Florida. This is a 225 mgd peak flowrate secondary oxygen activated sludge treatment facility that discharges effluent via deep injection wells. Based upon the detection of nitrogen species in the monitoring wells for the deep injection well system, MDWASD entered ...

  • Editor’s perspective - solvent cleanup standards

    Risk-assessment science is a critical tenet of the remediation industry, as it is the underlying basis of the majority of cleanup work performed. However, risk-assessment science is, for the most part, poorly understood by a large portion of environmental professionals. Most seasoned professionals understand the basic risk-assessment concepts related to the dose-response and exposure duration ...

  • Quantitative Determination of Volatile Organic Compounds in Drinking Water by EPA Method with Headspace Trap GC-MS

    Volatile Organic Compounds (VOCs) refer to a group of easily vapourised organic compounds. Under atmospheric pressure, these compounds boil below 250C. Studies have shown that prolonged exposure to the VOCs could increase the risk of various health problems, such as cancer. VOCs are commonly present in gasoline, dry cleaning solvents and degreasing agents. Due to improper storage, disposal or ...

  • Ensuring Water Quality in Africa

    Water is essential for life, and “access to safe water is a fundamental human and, therefore, a basic human right.” With this statement and his address on World Water Day in 2001, United Nations Secretary-General Kofi Annan put a spotlight on what continues to be a global problem: clean water. This year completes the UN “Water for Life” international decade for ...


    By ASTM International

  • Water Reuse Terminology

    All water on Earth is used and reused, over and over, in an elegant water cycle. Water reuse occurs in various ways on a daily basis. It happens when a community’s treated wastewater is discharged into rivers or other water bodies. If you live in a community downstream of another, chances are you are reusing water from an upstream town. Scientifically proven advances in water technology ...


    By WateReuse

  • Advanced Water Quality Techniques Course

    Abstract:The development of a strategic water quality monitoring program is based on prioritizing risks to public safety and economic reality. The development of global standardized methods and protocols for automated water quality monitoring would facilitate international communication of water quality information and comparison of standardized methods and protocols. The three primary methods ...


  • Ozone Brings Better Bottled Water

    The proliferation of bottled beverages worldwide and an increased awareness of consumer health issues have beverage bottlers rethinking how to keep their liquids safe for consumption. One problem they face is the need to deliver a product that is free of bacteria, to provide extended shelf life and product quality. Ozone has quickly become the disinfectant of choice among water bottlers ...

  • UV Ballast Water Treatment Close to US Approval

    Shipowners have found it increasingly difficult to comply with ballast water treatment regulations in the US. But there’s good news on the horizon thanks to DESMI’s newest UV-based solution Ultraviolet radiation (UV), which counters microorganisms by rendering them unable to reproduce, is the preferred method for today’s ballast water treatment systems. This robust and reliable ...


    By DESMI A/S

  • Spiral-Wound Elements for Potable Water Treatment

    Introduction Any new technology must overcome perceptions of the marketplace, which are not accurate. As a technology moves into new areas of application, new misconceptions also arise. Crossflow membrane technology is no exception. The first man-made, pressure-driven 'crossflow' membranes were made in flat sheet form. This membrane had to be configured in a device, and was first made in ...


  • Leakage fault detection in district metered areas of water distribution systems

    Fault tolerance and security in drinking water distribution operations are important issues that have received increased attention in the last few years. In this work the problem of leakage detection is formulated within a systems engineering framework, and a solution methodology to detect leakages in a class of distribution systems is proposed. Specifically, the case where water utilities use ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Current status, problems and control strategies of water resources pollution in China

    The surface water of 10 major river systems across China has been under intermediate pollution with striking eutrophication problems in major lakes (reservoirs). More data from the Ministry of Environmental Protection of China showed that underground water in 57% of monitoring sites across Chinese cities was polluted or extremely polluted. Rural water pollution, the rising number of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Water quality is key to the success of Cardiff Bay

    Water quality has been a central theme in a redevelopment project that began with the creation of the Cardiff Bay Development Corporation in April 1987. This article will examine the role that water quality has played in the remarkable transformation that has taken place in Cardiff and explain how monitoring technology has developed to the stage whereby any person, anywhere in the world, can view ...

  • Global Water Research Council selects best bioanalysis tools for endocrine disrupting chemicals

    The aim of this fact sheet is to review the methodology used to establish guideline values for inorganic and organic chemicals which may be found in drinking water. Such guidance is needed to assist the management of good water quality when the potential for adverse health effects, based on the intrinsic toxicity of the chemical, requires some quantitative description of limits which should be ...


    By BioDetection Systems b.v.

  • From international developments to local practice: Germany's evaluation and dialogue process towards Water Safety Plan implementation

    The third edition of the WHO Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality establishes a ‘Framework for Safe Drinking-water’ that promotes a risk assessment and risk management approach called Water Safety Plan (WSP). In Germany, the discussion on the WSP approach started with significant scepticism by various stakeholders questioning its added value in light of the high quality and service level of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Park City, Utah Arsenic removal from ground water

    Background Park City Utah Water, which serves a population of 6,500, has five water sources. Spiro Tunnel and Spiro Portal are two that were in need of Iron and Manganese removal as well as above limits for Arsenic. Filtronics was engaged by the engineering firm of Eckhoff, Watson and Preator (EWP), Salt Lake City, to perform pilot tests for the Park City Municipal Corporation. The ...


    By Filtronics, Incorporated

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