drinking water safe Articles

  • Access to safe drinking water and its impact on global economic growth

    Introduction Despite a concentrated international effort, significant investment and widespread educational campaigns, access to safe drinking water appears to be in decline. HaloSource, a leading global clean water and antimicrobial technology company, set out to examine the possible reasons for this decline and the potential impact it may have on global economic growth. The ...


    By DelAgua Group

  • How to keep drinking water safe from `little animals`

    Disease causing agents can be broken up into three groups, Bacteria, Viruses and Protozoa. Cryptosporidium belongs to the third group, Protozoa. The word protozoa comes from the Greek word for ‘little animal’.One aspect of Cryptosporidium which makes it problematic from a water treatment perspective is that at one stage in its life cycle it produces small spore like bodies known as cysts. These ...


    By O2 Environmental Inc.

  • Access to safe drinking water and human health: empirical evidence from rural Bhutan

    Provision of safe drinking water is essential for the promotion of human well-being. This paper makes an attempt to examine the patterns of access to drinking water, identify and analyze the factors that influence households access to safe drinking water sources, and analyze factors determining the extent of households travel to fetch drinking water, and assess the effects of access to safe ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Convergence in access to safe water and adequate sanitation: an analysis across countries and time

    This short note reports that developing countries have tended to converge in terms of percentage of population having access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation between 1980 and 1993-1996. It suggests that this represents a good message, but no reason for complacency. Enormous efforts are still needed until all people on earth can enjoy access to safe drinking water and adequate ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Making your drinking water safe with biological water treatment

    As society becomes more environmentally conscious, it is important that your community is provided with its natural necessities in an eco-friendly manner. One of these natural necessities includes adequate drinking water. Many companies use chemical treatment methods to help cleanse and purify water resources, but such methods are often at the expense of your local environment. Some water ...

  • Drinking Water Analysis Guide

    Public Water Systems (PWS), regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), provide drinking water to 90% of Americans. Water systems and laboratories testing drinking water for Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) compliance must be certified and must use USEPA approved methods, which are developed by the USEPA, other government agencies, universities, consensus method ...

  • Case study Philippines - independent water shop solution

    Client Rotary Club of lloilo City Location Ban-Ag in the municipality of Santa Barbara in lloilo Province. Introduction The „Rotary Club lloilo City" with the financial contribution by the Rotary Club of Sae Goyang (South Korea) donated to the Barangay (district) Ban-Ag in the Municipality of Santa Barbara in lloilo Province a ...


    By Trunz Water Systems AG

  • Integrated Planning: The Keystone of Capacity Development and Small Waster Systems Including a Case Study of the Montgomery County Public Service Authority

    ABSTRACTSupplying water to communities is one of the primary services of many local governments in the United States. Local governments use a variety of means for developing community water systems. The major goal of municipal water suppliers is to provide safe and affordable water for residential, commercial, agricultural, and industrial uses. In rural localities, provision of safe public ...

  • Bonn Charter principles for safe drinking water

    In the mid 1990’s a number of initiatives across the world began to question whether the so called “end of pipe” standard setting approach to protecting drinking water quality was the right way forward for the 21st century. This discussion began to come together in two main international forums. Firstly the massive task of updating the highly influential 3rd revision of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Technological approaches to providing safe drinking water for rural and remote areas

    Provision of safe drinking water is one of the key drivers in our technological pursuits. A number of habitations are suffering from a variety of water quality problems such as excess salinity, iron, arsenic, fluoride, nitrate and microbial contamination. Simplicity of operation, less dependence on external sources of power supply, minimisation of wastewater, etc., are some of the ground rules to ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Managing uncertainty in the provision of safe drinking water

    The Canadian Water Network, the Alberta Water Research Institute, and the Ontario Centres of Excellence have collaborated to create the Canadian Municipal Water Management Research Consortium, a new initiative to engage municipal water authorities and allow them to access research capacity to tackle mutually identified, critical issues. The challenge of managing uncertainty in the provision of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimated Costs to Utilities for Issuing A Boil Water Advisory

    The United States Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) has stringent standards in place to ensure the safe distribution of water. However, water quality problems (e.g. water main breaks, elevated turbidity, microbiological non-compliance, etc.) can result in these standards not being met. The consequence of this is often a boil water advisory to inform the public that the water is unsafe to drink. ...

  • Analysis of challenges and opportunities to meaningful Indigenous engagement in sustainable water and wastewater management

    Access to safe drinking water and adequate sanitation continue to be significant issues affecting Indigenous populations worldwide. The full participation of Indigenous peoples within water and wastewater policy and decision-making has been hindered by many factors, including capacity, inadequate resources and, overall, a lack of respect or formal recognition of Indigenous rights. This study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Scarcity to solution: perceived reasons for safe drinking water scarcity and local coping responses in a coastal village of Bangladesh

    People are directly and indirectly exposed to changing weather patterns through changes in the quality of water, air, and food changes in ecosystems, agriculture, industry, human settlements and the economy. Hence, this study explored local perceived reasons for safe drinking water scarcity and under such circumstances the coping responses in their region. This is a descriptive study based on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A quantitative investigation of narratives: recycled drinking water

    Recycled drinking water represents one of the most obvious and technologically reliable sources of urban water. Yet it is one of the least implemented solutions. Blame has often been laid on the emotional and psychological difficulties of persuading people that recycled drinking water is safe to drink. This ‘yuck’ factor has been empirically identified as a statistically significant variable. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Considering Policy Implementation Alongside Policy Formulation in Drinking Water Management in New Zealand and for Pacific Islands Giving Voice to Local Knowledge

    This paper reflects on the experiences of the authors in facilitating the involvement of small, rural, and isolated communities in the development of national drinking water standards for New Zealand. The key message we want to give in this paper is the value of involving the communities that are expected to implement policies or plans as these are formulated, to avoid the situation of policies ...

  • Drinking Water Standards

    The most important point of departure for drinking water standards is the World Health Organisation Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality. These are widely used throughout the world with the exception of parts of North America. WHO’s Guidelines have evolved over a period of 50 years from standards to guidelines, reflecting the fact that they have no legal force. The WHO emphasises that it ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acceptability of the rainwater harvesting system to the slum dwellers of Dhaka City

    Urban area like Dhaka City, in Bangladesh, has scarcity of safe drinking water which is one of the prominent basic needs for human kind. This study explored the acceptability of harvested rainwater in a densely populated city like Dhaka, using a simple and low cost technology. A total of 200 random people from four slums of water-scarce Dhaka City were surveyed to determine the dwellers' ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Probabilistic exposure assessment to total trihalomethanes in drinking water: an EVT method

    It was proved that some adverse reproductive outcomes are associated with the exposure to trihalomethanes. We define the exposure as the probability with which the total trihalomethanes concentration in drinking water exceeds the maximum level. We apply the Peaks of Threshold model of Extreme Value Theory into assessing the exposure risk for the drinking water in Japanese distribution systems. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Realizing the human rights to water and sanitation: A Handbook

    UN Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation. September 2014 Since 2010, when the United Nation General Assembly explicitly recognized the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation and the Human Rights Council reaffirmed this recognition, the United Nations Special Rapporteur on the human right to safe drinking water and sanitation has received ...


    By IWA Publishing

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