drinking water sampling Articles

  • [Technical Paper] Biomass Evolution in Full-Scale Drinking Water Filters

    After nearly two-years of work, we could advance our understanding of ATP measurement in drinking water biofilters. I will describe some of the background and key results from the study below – more information is provided in the Journal AWWA December 2016 article. Background of the ...


    By LuminUltra Technologies Ltd.

  • Nitrate Analysis of Water Samples Using a Benchtop UV-Vis Spectrophotometer

    Nitrogen is naturally found in groundwater and surface water in the form of nitrate, nitrite, or ammonium. The EPA has established a maximum contaminant level of nitrate-nitrogen in potable water of 10ppm. This application presents results of UV-Vis analysis of nitrate concentrations in drinking water, ground water, and industrial wastewater, showing that the manual colorimetric method is ...

  • Increased sample throughput for ICP-OES on drinking water and waste water

    The application of an SC-FAST sample introduction system to the analysis of natural and certified water samples is described. The SC-FAST system consists of an autosampler, sample loop, switching valve, high efficiency nebulizer and a glass cyclonic spray chamber to perform analysis by direct nebulization. The potential benefits of this introduction system are numerous and include: increased ...


    By PerkinElmer, Inc.

  • Methodology for sampling drinking water discolouration loose deposits at low velocities

    The occurrence of discoloured water at the tap is one of the most frequent reasons for customers to complain. Water discolouration arises from the re-suspension of loose deposits (LD) that accumulate in drinking water pipes, due to velocity increase. Because of its typical brownish/reddish colour, discoloured water is traditionally perceived as a consequence of cast-iron pipe corrosion, even in ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Determination of Bisphenol A in Drinking Water

    A comprehensive sample preparation and analytical procedure was developed for determining BPA in drinking water. This fast procedure employed materials and techniques selected in part for speed, but also those that would not contribute unwanted artifacts. The use of SPE allowed BPA to be extracted plus concentrated, which may result in greater method sensitivity compared to simple headspace or ...


    By Sigma-Aldrich Co., LLC

  • Drinking Water Analysis Guide

    Public Water Systems (PWS), regulated by the United States Environmental Protection Agency (USEPA), provide drinking water to 90% of Americans. Water systems and laboratories testing drinking water for Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) compliance must be certified and must use USEPA approved methods, which are developed by the USEPA, other government agencies, universities, consensus method ...

  • Glyphosate and AMPA in drinking water

    Carcinogenic or not? The broad-spectrum herbicide glyphosate is used all over the world in agriculture. Alongside farming, the chemical is also used for weed-killing in domestic gardens and in public and private spaces kept free from «vegetal invasion», such as railway tracks. Glyphosate has been used since the 1970s in pesticides and was hitherto thought to be harmless at ...


    By Metrohm AG

  • The comparative study of trihalomethanes in drinking water

    Abstract: The purpose of this study was to assess exposure of four trihalomethanes (chloroform, bromodichloromethane, dibromochloromethane and bromoform) in drinking waters of Okinawa Island and Samoa. Trihalomethanes compounds were determined in the drinking water samples that were collected from the selected consumption sites and treatment plants of both Okinawa and Samoa in 2003-2004. The ...

  • Natural Disaster Recovery & Drinking Water

    Clean water is one of the fundamental pillars of modern civilization, and a major priority for local and municipal government.  When disaster – hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes – strikes, one of the first priorities is to rehabilitate water treatment and distribution systems.  Water main and pipe breaks, pressure loss, and backflow can all act to introduce external ...

  • Organisational arrangements and drinking water quality

    This paper discusses the findings of a research project which explored the impact of varying organisational arrangements on drinking water quality in England and Wales, and the Republic of Ireland. It is established that drinking water quality has been of a consistently higher standard in England and Wales in comparison with the Republic of Ireland. It is also demonstrated that the associated ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • New electrochemical sensor for sensitive quantification of copper in river, city, bottled and drinking water samples

    In the present study, a reliable and very sensitive sensor for the determination of ultra-trace of Cu(II) is proposed. Copper was determined by anodic differential pulse stripping voltammetry based on the adsorption collection of the Cu(II) on an encapsulated Schiff base onto multiwalled carbon nanotube paste working electrode. The variation of peak current with pH and several instrumental ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Occurrence of Aeromonas spp. in a random sample of drinking water distribution systems in the USA

    Aeromonads are aquatic bacteria found in drinking water supplies worldwide. Some species, such as Aeromonas hydrophila, can cause disease in humans. For this survey, 293 United States public water systems were selected using random sampling, stratified by water source and system type. Water samples were collected during one year from three sites (six samples per site) in each system. Temperature, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • An evaluation of sampling methods and supporting techniques for tackling lead in drinking water in Alberta Province

    A demonstration project evaluated a range of sampling methods and supporting techniques for tackling lead in drinking water in Alberta Province, with the cities of Calgary and Edmonton as case studies. The sampling protocols specified by Health Canada in their 2009 guidance were confirmed to need further improvement and clarification; these sampling protocols produce results that are subject ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of plumbing age on copper levels in drinking water

    Theory and practical experiences suggest that higher copper levels in drinking water tap samples are typically associated with newer plumbing systems, and levels decrease with increasing plumbing age. Past researchers have developed a conceptual model to explain the ‘aging effect’ founded in the proposed evolution of copper(II) corrosion by-products on the pipe surface, based on theoretical ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • UK experience in the monitoring and control of lead in drinking water

    At the zonal scale (e.g. a city or town), random daytime (RDT) sampling succeeded in demonstrating both the need for corrective action and the benefits of optimised orthophosphate dosing for plumbosolvency control, despite initial concerns about sampling reproducibility. Stagnation sampling techniques were found to be less successful. Optimised treatment measures to minimise lead in drinking ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Ensuring safe drinking water case study

    Challenge: A state environmental agency contracted with Antea Group to assist in the execution of a state-wide clean drinking water program. Program objectives included the development of an efficient and standardized program to monitor for chemical and biological contaminants across more than 6,500 public water systems. ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Survey of human pharmaceuticals in drinking water in the Czech Republic

    The first large-scale assessment of pharmaceuticals in drinking water in the Czech Republic (CR) focused on the detection of five substances. Samples were collected from public water systems supplying 5.3 million people, 50.5% of the Czech population. In the initial survey of tap water from 92 major supply zones using mostly surface water, no pharmaceutical exceeded the limit of ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Characterization of bacterial diversity in drinking water by pyrosequencing

    Controlling microbial contamination of drinking water is critical to public health. However, understanding of the microbial ecology of drinking water remains incomplete. Representing the first application of high-throughput sequencing in drinking water microbiology, the objective of this study is to evaluate pyrosequencing as a high-throughput technique for the characterization of bacterial ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Algae control in drinking water treatment - case study

    For the Ministry of Agriculture in Cyprus, LG Sound b.v installed 33 LG Sonic, ultrasonic devices in the Limassol water treatment plant, to prevent bad odour and taste to the water caused by geosmins in the water. The earthy taste problem persisted during summer of 2010 and various physical, chemical and biological tests were done in order to check the process efficiency, which showed problems ...


    By LG Sonic

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