drinking water supply Articles

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Private sector involvement in drinking water supply in Ghana

    Two approaches by Private Sector Involvement (PSI) in drinking water supply are followed in Ghana. In the urban areas the public utility (Ghana Water Company Limited) now has private sector management via a management contract, whereas in the small towns and rural areas the responsibility for water services is decentralised. The District Assemblies use the Community Water and Sanitation Agency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Return of drinking water supply in Paris to public control

    The ‘reclaiming’ by Paris of its water back into public hands is a paradox in the homeland of transnational water companies and at a time when the European Commission rather favours the liberalisation of public services ‘of general economic interest’. Yet what has happened is more complex. A quick historical review of management formulas in Europe reveals both the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removing Chloramines from Drinking Water Supplies

    Historically, most public water supplies have been treated with chlorine to satisfy the standards set by the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Since being established, there is reason to believe that the standards may be too lenient on the allowable contaminant levels in our drinking water. For instance, chlorine and other disinfectants react with organic matter creating ...


    By General Carbon Corp.

  • Assessment of rainwater harvesting for drinking water supply in Bangladesh

    Rainwater harvesting is a potential option of water supply to the coastal and arsenic affected rural communities in Bangladesh and during the last few years, several projects were undertaken to promote and install various types of rainwater harvesting systems by government organizations and NGOs mainly for drinking and cooking water supply. A study was undertaken to assess the currently practiced ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spatial analysis of rural drinking water supply in China

    A spatial autocorrelation analysis method was employed to process the spatial change of rural water supply over the past 19 years in the People's Republic of China. Statistical analyses indicate great achievements in rural water supply construction. Two main indices describing rural drinking water supply status, the Rural Popularization Rate of Tap Water and the Rural Popularization Rate ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Plant with Solar Energy Supply

    AZUD DW DU1 ECO guarantees supply of high quality drinking water, which saves lives and prevents epidemics outbreaks. It gives an immediate solution, economic, ecological, and autonomous, without installation or maintenance costs. It provides an on-site water treatment, with no need of water and electric supply infrastructure. This self-energy plant has solar panels and two batteries that provide ...


    By Sistema Azud, S.A.

  • Lead in Drinking Water for small supply systems

    The problem of lead in drinking water is most-publicized for the larger water supply systems of Cities and Towns, particularly the older districts, where lead piping was often used to connect houses to a municipal water supply system and for internal plumbing, unto the early 1980s (generally). The problem is more closely associated with the longer established industrialized and urbanized ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Volatile organic compounds in the nation’s ground water and drinking-water supply wells

    ABSTRACT Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are produced in large volumes and are associated with a myriad of products, such as plastics, adhesives, paints, gasoline, fumigants, refrigerants, and drycleaning fluids. Widespread and long-term use of VOCs and their ability to persist and migrate in ground water raise questions about possible adverse effects on the environment, including ...

  • Managing water quality impacts from drought on drinking water supplies

    Droughts, which are difficult to predict, are a natural feature of the hydrology in most regions. Climate change, however, has the potential to increase the frequency and magnitude of future droughts. While the lack of water availability during droughts is widely publicized, there are equally severe water quality impacts that occur during and after droughts as well. Recent droughts have led to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Mechanisms of post-supply contamination of drinking water in Bagamoyo, Tanzania

    Access to household water connections remains low in sub-Saharan Africa, representing a public health concern. Previous studies have shown water stored in the home to be more contaminated than water at the source; however, the mechanisms of post-supply contamination remain unclear. Using water quality measurements and structured observations of households in Bagamoyo, Tanzania, this study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantifying micro-organism removal for safe drinking water supplies

    Over the past ten years the management of microbiological drinking water quality in The Netherlands has shifted from curative administration toward a more preventative strategy. This shift in policy came as a result of the findings of reports from other developed countries which highlighted the risk from persistent pathogens such as Cryptosporidium, Giardia, some enteroviruses; and the pathogenic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Global costs and benefits of reaching universal coverage of sanitation and drinking-water supply

    Economic evidence on the cost and benefits of sanitation and drinking-water supply supports higher allocation of resources and selection of efficient and affordable interventions. The study aim is to estimate global and regional costs and benefits of sanitation and drinking-water supply interventions to meet the Millennium Development Goal (MDG) target in 2015, as well as to attain universal ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of biofilms in simulated drinking water and urban heat supply systems

    Biofouling and biocorrosion were studied in drinking water and heating water systems by forming biofilms on steel and on polymethylmetacrylate. In the drinking water system, biofilm development was more significant on corroded surfaces, suggesting that in these conditions they were largely protected from disinfection, probably because of sheltering and chlorine demand by corrosion products. In ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Assessing protozoan risks for surface drinking water supplies in Nova Scotia, Canada

    Protozoa, such as Cryptosporidium parvum and Giardia lamblia, pose a human health risk when present in drinking water. To minimize health risks, the Nova Scotia Treatment Standards for surface water and groundwater under the direct influence of surface water require a 3-log reduction for Giardia cysts and Cryptosporidium oocysts. This study ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Quantitative analysis of microbial contamination in private drinking water supply systems

    Over one million households rely on private water supplies (e.g. well, spring, cistern) in the Commonwealth of Virginia, USA. The present study tested 538 private wells and springs in 20 Virginia counties for total coliforms (TCs) and Escherichia coli along with a suite of chemical contaminants. A logistic regression analysis was used to investigate potential correlations between TC ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • NDMA and seven other nitrosamines in selected UK drinking water supply systems

    A survey for N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) and seven other nitrosamines in six UK drinking water supply systems was conducted. At the time of the study, there was no NDMA data for UK drinking waters, and the study remains one of few globally to report concentrations of the other seven nitrosamines in water supply systems. Five of the six water supply systems were selected as probable to have ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Quality

    Drinking water or potable water is water of sufficiently high quality that it can be consumed or used without risk of immediate or long term harm. In most developed countries, the water supplied to households, commerce and industry is all of drinking water standard, even though only a very small ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removal of inorganic anions from drinking water supplies by membrane bio/processes

    This paper is designed to provide an overview of the main membrane-assisted processes that can be used for the removal of toxic inorganic anions from drinking water supplies. The emphasis has been placed on integrated process solutions, including the emerging issue of membrane bioreactors. An attempt is made to compare critically recently reported results, reveal the best existing membrane ...


    By Springer

  • Application of a risk management framework to a drinking water supply augmented by stormwater recharge

    The Blue Lake is an important water resource for the city of Mount Gambier and the surrounding region, primarily as the drinking water supply source, but also as a tourist attraction. Mount Gambier’s stormwater is discharged directly via drainage wells into the unconfined, karstic Gambier Limestone aquifer, which in turn provides the majority of recharge to Blue Lake. Discharge of urban runoff to ...


    By IWA Publishing

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