drinking water treatment Articles

  • Treatment of drinking water containing iron using Electrocoagulation

    Electrocoagulation (EC) technique was adopted for the treatment of iron containing drinking water using a reactor of 3 l capacity having 1 l liquid volume. Experimental investigation was carried out to observe the effect of different operating parameters such as pH, current density, inter-electrode distance and conductivity on the removal of iron from the iron-rich aqueous solution prepared with ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Chlorites Control in European Drinking Water Treatment Plants

    ABSTRACT The paper reports initial results for experiments carried out at Fortore drinking water treatment plant aimed at controlling chlorites. Research was performed in parallel with a full-scale drinking water plant (Fortore, Italy) and a pilot plant at Mosina water treatment plant which supplies potable water to the city of Poznań (Poland). Both plants operated with pre-disinfection ...

  • Evaluation of chitosan as a natural coagulant for drinking water treatment

    Chitosan, a natural biopolymer, was evaluated for its ability to be used as a coagulant to treat water for potable use both in isolation and in combination with other water treatment technologies, specifically ion-exchange and activated carbon. Chitosan was found to be very effective for particle removal at doses far below those required for equivalent turbidity removal by inorganic coagulants. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water treatment - understanding the processes and meeting the challenges

    On and follow Natural organic matter (NOM) derived from soil and vegetation in water catchments is the key factor influencing most, if not all water treatment processes. The structure of the NOM and its involvement in water treatment processes requires better understanding. It seems likely that a better understanding of NOM reactions could lead to far better predictive capacity for water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Distillation treatment and removal of contaminants from drinking water

    Distillation treatment typically removes most of the dissolved materials. In addition, the boiling process kills biological contaminants. Nevertheless, there are certain volatile and semi-volatile organic compounds that may not be removed by distillation (CDPH 2009). Organic compounds that boil at temperatures greater than the boiling point of water (some pesticides) can be effectively removed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Biological drinking water treatment Hong Kong

    The water treatment works takes water from the river Dongjiang in the Guangdong Province north of Hong Kong. The raw water has an average turbidity level of around 11 NTU and contents, among other things, ammonia and manganese. Water temperatures range from 12 to 34oC.   During planning of the waterworks ...

  • Control-design methodology for drinking-water treatment processes

    The performance of a drinking-water treatment plant is determined by the control of the plant. To design the appropriate control system, a control-design methodology of five design steps is proposed, which takes the treatment process characteristics into account. For each design step, the necessary actions are defined. Using the methodology for the pellet-softening treatment step, a new control ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Aesthetics Improve with Ozone Treatment

    High quality water sources for municipal use are dwindling, forcing utilities to seek alternate water sources. Many times, aesthetics are the only problem preventing the use of these alternate water sources for potable purposes. Although typically used as a disinfectant, ozone offers municipal water purveyors the benefits of being the strongest commercially available oxidizing agent (Table 1). ...

  • Algae control in drinking water treatment - case study

    For the Ministry of Agriculture in Cyprus, LG Sound b.v installed 33 LG Sonic, ultrasonic devices in the Limassol water treatment plant, to prevent bad odour and taste to the water caused by geosmins in the water. The earthy taste problem persisted during summer of 2010 and various physical, chemical and biological tests were done in order to check the process efficiency, which showed problems ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Drinking water - India

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems (formerly DVX Water Technologies, LLC) designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low-fouling membrane systems. The Company leverages the unique low-fouling nanofiltration (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • Water Treatment Plant (Drinking Water) Indian Oil Corporation Limited, India

    W.O.G Groups responded to the challenge of providing safe drinking water to the Indian Oil Corporation Limited township by undertaking a Drinking Water Treatment Plant of Capacity 5.76 MLD, including 1 year O&M. CHALLENGE: The raw water is to be treated for the removal of Manganese, iron, turbidity, suspended solids, colour, organic matter and pH The design of ...


    By WOG Technologies Inc.

  • Recycle of waste backwash water in ultrafiltration drinking water treatment processes

    In drinking water treatment, ultrafiltration (UF) membrane systems are generally operated at 90 to 95% recovery with production losses resulting from waste residual streams such as backwash water and clean-in-place (CIP) liquid residuals. In drought-prone regions, it may be desirable to apply alternative UF plant design configurations to increase recovery rates and minimize water loss. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Case study - Drinking water treatment in a hospital with ca. 200 beds

    Aquadron FXL Data: Reading-controlled dosing in hot water. Cold water consumption of approximately 35 m3/d. Hot water consumption of approximately 20 m3/d. Pipe material: galvanized steel, stainless steel. Features: Many drinking water points throughout the building, corrosion and joint problems due to high hot water ...


    By Aquadron

  • Organophosphate Pesticide Degradation Under Drinking Water Treatment Conditions

    Chlorpyrifos (CP) was used as a model compound to develop experimental methods and prototype modeling tools to forecast the fate of organophosphate (OP) pesticides under drinking water treatment conditions. CP was found to rapidly oxidize to chlorpyrifos oxon (CPO) in the presence of free chlorine. The primary oxidant is hypochlorous acid (HOCl); thus, oxidation is more rapid at lower pH (i.e., ...

  • Drinking water treatment, AFM replaces sand in sand filters

    Drinking Water Treatment by AFM, 30% - 80 improvement in sand filter performance Cryptosporidium problem and THM's eliminated. All sand filter will suffer to some degree from bacterial fouling. The alginates excreted by the bacteria cause coagulation of the sand grains which in turn leads to wormhole channeling of water through the filter bed. The worm holes provide a conduit for the ...


    By Dryden Aqua Ltd

  • Vulnerability of Quebec drinking-water treatment plants to cyanotoxins in a climate change context

    Cyanobacteria are a growing concern in the province of Quebec due to recent highly publicised bloom episodes. The health risk associated with the consumption of drinking water coming from contaminated sources was unknown. A study was undertaken to evaluate treatment plants' capacity to treat cyanotoxins below the maximum recommended concentrations of 1.5 μg/L microcystin-LR (MC-LR) and the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Development of efficient characterization parameters for activated carbon used in drinking water treatment

    In many drinking water treatment facilities with an activated carbon (AC) purification step, polar and hydrophilic molecules are substances of concern. Many of the current test methods for AC do not really reflect AC's adsorption capacity for these substances. To develop a fast and economically reasonable parameter that characterizes AC's ability to remove these compounds, three ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Planning and installation of a drinking water treatment in Gunungkidul, Java, Indonesia

    The district of Gunungkidul on Java Island in Indonesia is affected by an acute water shortage, especially during dry seasons. Because of its karst topography, rainfall percolates rapidly into underground caves, limiting surface storage. As a consequence, potential sources of water to supply the local population are rainwater and water derived from underground caves. However, water availability ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Monitoring of three drinking water treatment plants using flow cytometry

    A 4-month sampling campaign has been conducted for the monitoring of three drinking water treatment plants using flow cytometry and culture-based methods to provide information related to changes in bacterial concentration according to treatments. Flow cytometry is a fast and user-friendly technique enabling bacteria quantification and viability assessment in less than 1 hour. Specific profiles ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acute toxicity and inactivation tests of CO2 on invertebrates in drinking water treatment systems

    In addition to the esthetic problem caused by invertebrates, researchers are recently starting to be more aware of their potential importance in terms of public health. However, the inactivation methods of invertebrates which could proliferate in drinking water treatment systems are not well developed. The objective of this study is to assess the acute toxicity and inactivation effects of CO2 on ...


    By IWA Publishing

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