drinking water treatment natural chemical Articles

  • Application of chemical oxygen demand to drinking water

    “This study investigated the use of a photoelectrochemical chemical oxygen demand (peCOD) analyzer for the detection of model organic compounds and natural organic matter (NOM) from four drinking water treatment plants in Nova Scotia, Canada. Most model organic compounds showed ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Drinking water - India

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems (formerly DVX Water Technologies, LLC) designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low-fouling membrane systems. The Company leverages the unique low-fouling nanofiltration (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • A novel technology to improve drinking water quality using natural treatment methods in rural Tanzania

    It is estimated that one billion people worldwide do not have access to treated drinking water. This paper reports on an investigation into the potential of indigenous or natural water treatment methods as alternatives to conventional chemical water treatment methods. The seeds of five natural plant species—Vigna unguiculata, Phaseolus mungo, Glycine max, Pisum sativam, and Arachis hypogea—were ...

  • Why is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) a useful parameter for drinking water analysis?

    Ask the Expert: COD Analysis for Drinking Water Question: Why is Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD) a useful parameter for drinking water analysis? Answer: At very basic level Chemical Oxygen ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Variations of chemical quality for drinking water sources in zarand plain

    The ultimate source of most dissolved ions in water is the mineral assemblage that occurs in rocks near land surfaces. The solids that dissolve into groundwater from this point, form part of the geochemical. Rock composition, purity, crystal size of its minerals, rock texture and porosity, regional structure, degree of fissuring and length of previous exposure time also influence the composition ...


    By University of Tehran

  • Drinking Water Treatment Municipality of Sainte-Geneviève de Batiscan, Quebec

    A number of Quebec municipalities are confronted with feedwater problems of a bacteriological or physicochemical nature hardness, manganese, iron, dissolved solids) in the production of their drinking water. In many cases, these water sources do not meet government quality standards for drinking water. Membrane filtration preceded by the appropriate pretreatments can be a solution. Piloting ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • An approach for determining the most critical among a suite of chemical contaminants at a drinking water intake

    An integrated approach for the identification and assessment of the most critical chemical contaminant(s) at a drinking water intake has been developed. It involves the determination of a threshold or critical raw water concentration (CRWC) for target contaminants using the observed overall removal efficiency of a specific water treatment plant (WTP) and regulated drinking water concentrations ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Genotoxicity and effects of nanosilver contamination in drinking water disinfection

    This study was conducted to examine the genotoxicity and the influence of silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) contamination when drinking water is exposed to five different disinfection treatments: chlorine, chlorine dioxide, ozone, ozone/chlorine and ozone/chlorine dioxide. Experiments were conducted with water samples of different chemical composition, from three water supply systems in Croatia. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Tracking disinfection by-products and arsenic removal during various drinking water treatment trains

    In the central Banat region (Northern Serbia), groundwater is used as a drinking water source. Raw water originates from a 40–80 m and 100–150 m deep layer. It contains a high amount of natural organic matter (DOC = 9.17±0.87 mg C/L) with a trihalomethanes formation potential of 448±88.2 μg/L and a haloacetic acid formation potential of 174±68.9 μg/L. A high amount of arsenic (86.0±3.4 μg/L) is ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment plant protected by effluent monitor at major drinks factory

    The installation of a BioTector continuous TOC (Total Organic Carbon) monitor to police the front end of Cobevco’s wastewater treatment plant has enabled tight control of the treatment process. Delivering results 20 times faster than laboratory techniques, the monitor at the Elton facility in Cheshire provides advance notice of organic overload so that the plant is able to instantly divert ...


  • Changes of NOM fractions during conventional drinking water treatment process in Riga, Latvia

    In Latvia, as in other countries of the Boreal region, raw water sources contain elevated concentration of natural organic matter (NOM). Originally the conventional water treatment plants (WTP) were mainly designed for removal of turbidity hence the optimization of water treatment processes for more effective removal of NOM is often needed nowadays. In this paper a rapid fractionation (RF) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Efficient Waste Water Treatment

    Clean drinking water is an essential need of mankind. Often surface water like rivers or lakes is used as drinking water source. To prevent these resources from pollution the effective treatment of waste water is a must. For example in China 75% of discharged waste water is coming from pulp and paper, textile and dyeing industries. To run a waste water treatment plant in the most efficient way ...


    By J.V. Niebergall CDH

  • Opportunistic pathogens and faecal indicators in drinking water associated biofilms in Cluj, Romania

    Biofouling occurs without exception in all water systems, with undesirable effects such as biocorrosion and deterioration of water quality. Drinking water associated biofilms represent a potential risk to human health by harbouring pathogenic or toxin-releasing microorganisms. This is the first study investigating the attached microbiota, with potential threat to human health, in a public water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Application of a risk management framework to a drinking water supply augmented by stormwater recharge

    The Blue Lake is an important water resource for the city of Mount Gambier and the surrounding region, primarily as the drinking water supply source, but also as a tourist attraction. Mount Gambier’s stormwater is discharged directly via drainage wells into the unconfined, karstic Gambier Limestone aquifer, which in turn provides the majority of recharge to Blue Lake. Discharge of urban runoff to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Using UV for Simultaneous Disinfection and Control of Unpleasant Tastes and Odors in Drinking Water

    Algae blooms in surface water sources often lead to off-tastes and odors in finished drinking water. Because public confidence in overall drinking water quality is closely related to aesthetic quality, there is increasing interest in solving taste and odor issues.  UV-oxidation, the combination of UV and hydrogen peroxide, offers the ability to treat taste and odor (T&O) while simultaneously ...

  • Our drinking water systems are a disaster. What can we do?

    In the wake of the Flint, communities turn to innovative technology and financing to prevent the next crisis. People in developed countries turn on the tap and safe drinking water flows, a dramatic health benefit they tend to take for granted. That complacency was dramatically disrupted last year when children in Flint, Michigan, started testing positive for lead poisoning and the ...


    By Ensia

  • Micronized CaCO3: a feasible alternative to limestone filtration for conditioning and (re)mineralization of drinking water?

    Worldwide limestone filtration is used in many treatment plants for the conditioning and (re)mineralization of drinking water to increase concentrations of Ca2+ and HCO3−, pH and saturation index, thereby improving the quality of the water regarding corrosion control, buffering and taste. Typical applications include (very) soft groundwater with (very) low alkalinity and desalinated water. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Spiral-Wound Elements for Potable Water Treatment

    Introduction Any new technology must overcome perceptions of the marketplace, which are not accurate. As a technology moves into new areas of application, new misconceptions also arise. Crossflow membrane technology is no exception. The first man-made, pressure-driven 'crossflow' membranes were made in flat sheet form. This membrane had to be configured in a device, and was first made in ...


  • Bacteria-free water - without the use of toxic chemicals - Case Study

    Aarhus University Hospital fought against Legionella bacteria – and won Legionella bacteria thrives in all hot-water supplies and Aarhus University Hospital, Risskov felt the problem firsthand. With the ECA generator from Danish Clean Water A/S they managed to significantly reduce the bacteria and thereby minimizing risks concerning Legionella. Virtually all hospitals, ...

  • Taming taste and odor (T & O) problems in a water treatment plant

    Taming Taste & Odor (T&O) Problems Some taste and odors are caused by mineral constituents in the water, e.g. excess chlorine and hydrogen sulfide. However the majority of taste and odor are the result of biologic activity. Spring turnover of lakes and algal blooms are responsible for Blue-green algae (Cyanobacterium), Green algae and diatoms that introduce filter clogging organisms ...


    By Jenfitch, LLC

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