drinking water treatment system Articles

  • Case study - City of Montreal upgrade of Atwater and Des Baillets water treatment plants

    Sidestream Venturi Injection—Basin Nozzle Manifold Contacting System. Montreal, Quebec, Canada The Problem: In 2001, a water quality audit revealed that two of the largest drinking water plants in the City of Montreal were out of compliance with Quebec’s latest water quality rules. In response to the audit, the city upgraded the 1,400 MLD Atwater and the ...

  • Drinking Water Aesthetics Improve with Ozone Treatment

    High quality water sources for municipal use are dwindling, forcing utilities to seek alternate water sources. Many times, aesthetics are the only problem preventing the use of these alternate water sources for potable purposes. Although typically used as a disinfectant, ozone offers municipal water purveyors the benefits of being the strongest commercially available oxidizing agent (Table 1). ...

  • Control-design methodology for drinking-water treatment processes

    The performance of a drinking-water treatment plant is determined by the control of the plant. To design the appropriate control system, a control-design methodology of five design steps is proposed, which takes the treatment process characteristics into account. For each design step, the necessary actions are defined. Using the methodology for the pellet-softening treatment step, a new control ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Real Time TOC Analysis in Steam and Condensate

    Executive Summary Steam in petro/chemical plants could be contaminated with hydrocarbons (TOC = Total Organic Carbons) from various sources. In any case this is a sign for defects in the process, whether it they occur in the heat exchanger, the blow down vessel, the condensate recovery or other parts of the system. Conventional solutions to monitor such contaminations use TOC- ...


    By JCT Analysentechnik GmbH

  • Evaluating a composite cartridge for small system drinking water treatment

    A pilot-scale evaluation was conducted at the U.S Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) Test & Evaluation (T&E) Facility in Cincinnati, Ohio, on a multi-layer, cartridge-based system that combines physical filtration with carbon adsorption and ultraviolet (UV) light disinfection to serve as a home-base water treatment security device against accidental or intentional contaminant events. The ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water - India

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems (formerly DVX Water Technologies, LLC) designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low-fouling membrane systems. The Company leverages the unique low-fouling nanofiltration (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • Multicriteria decision analysis for the selection of a small drinking water treatment system

    The selection of a small drinking water treatment system for a hydro-electrical plant is addressed within a multicriteria and participatory decision analysis process. As a first step, based on problem constraints, we identified and retained three water treatment systems alternatives. In close collaboration with the stakeholders, we then defined and obtained weights for criteria that take into ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Acute toxicity and inactivation tests of CO2 on invertebrates in drinking water treatment systems

    In addition to the esthetic problem caused by invertebrates, researchers are recently starting to be more aware of their potential importance in terms of public health. However, the inactivation methods of invertebrates which could proliferate in drinking water treatment systems are not well developed. The objective of this study is to assess the acute toxicity and inactivation effects of CO2 on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Recycle of waste backwash water in ultrafiltration drinking water treatment processes

    In drinking water treatment, ultrafiltration (UF) membrane systems are generally operated at 90 to 95% recovery with production losses resulting from waste residual streams such as backwash water and clean-in-place (CIP) liquid residuals. In drought-prone regions, it may be desirable to apply alternative UF plant design configurations to increase recovery rates and minimize water loss. This ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhancing climate adaptation capacity for drinking water treatment facilities

    Conventional water treatment processes (e.g., coagulation, flocculation, sedimentation, and filtration) are widely used for producing drinking water from surface water sources. Transient, gradual, or abrupt changes in source water quality that could compromise treatment effectiveness can be triggered by climate and related meteorological events, accidental or intentional contamination, ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Natural Disaster Recovery & Drinking Water

    Clean water is one of the fundamental pillars of modern civilization, and a major priority for local and municipal government.  When disaster – hurricanes, tornadoes, earthquakes – strikes, one of the first priorities is to rehabilitate water treatment and distribution systems.  Water main and pipe breaks, pressure loss, and backflow can all act to introduce external ...

  • Use of horizontal flow roughing filtration in drinking water treatment

    In order to evaluate the feasibility of implementation of horizontal-flow roughing filtration for drinking water treatment a pilot was designed and run at the bank of Zayandehroud river near the village of Chamkhalifeh. Pilot running was performed in summer 2003 (July, August and September), when the quality of river water was in relatively worst condition. The filter is comprised from three ...

  • Fluorescent-conjugated MS2 as surrogates for viruses during drinking water treatment

    Microfiltration/ultrafiltration (MF/UF) membranes and ultraviolet (UV) light disinfection serve as attractive alternative technologies to aid utilities in complying with both the LT2ESWTR and Stage 2 D/DBP. However, both technologies are limited in their ability to remove viruses and at the same time there is a lack of methods to accurately demonstrate virus removal in full-scale settings. In ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Treatment Municipality of Sainte-Geneviève de Batiscan, Quebec

    A number of Quebec municipalities are confronted with feedwater problems of a bacteriological or physicochemical nature hardness, manganese, iron, dissolved solids) in the production of their drinking water. In many cases, these water sources do not meet government quality standards for drinking water. Membrane filtration preceded by the appropriate pretreatments can be a solution. Piloting ...


    By H2O Innovation

  • Identifying drinking water and water treatment systems vulnerabilities using the CARVER matrix method

    Originally designed for target analysis, CARVER is an acronym for the vulnerability assessment elements of criticality, accessibility, recuperability, vulnerability, effect and recognisability. Every category is assessed for each component or subcomponent of a designated target. Scoring can be based on any scale but typically ranges from the lowest significance of 1, to the highest significance ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Crossville, TN, municipal drinking water

    The Situation: The City of Crossville, Tennessee, needed to address increasingly strict regulations on the use of gas chlorine to disinfect their community’s water. The Solution: By switching from gas chlorine to MIOX mixed oxidants, the City has reduced operational costs, improved residual durability, reduced byproduct formation, produced longer filter ...


    By MIOX Corporation

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Case study - Drinking water treatment in a hospital with ca. 200 beds

    Aquadron FXL Data: Reading-controlled dosing in hot water. Cold water consumption of approximately 35 m3/d. Hot water consumption of approximately 20 m3/d. Pipe material: galvanized steel, stainless steel. Features: Many drinking water points throughout the building, corrosion and joint problems due to high hot water ...


    By Aquadron

  • Wastewater Treatment for a soft drink processing company

    Description of the plant The wastewater from production and filling of mineral waters and soft drinks is pre-treated mechanically by a screen and buffered in an aerated mixing and balancing reactor. After equalization of flow and load the wastewater is given to the biological reactors where organic substances as sugar and other organic compounds are decreased by biological activity of ...

  • Drinking water: the problem of chlorinous odours

    Chlorinous off-flavours in drinking water are a leading cause of complaints to Australian water utilities and other utilities worldwide. The occurrence and causes of chlorinous odours in drinking water were investigated with the use of an odour panel, trained using a modified flavour profile analysis technique. A new system for classifying water types according to the causes of chlorinous odours ...


    By IWA Publishing

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