drinking water utility Articles

  • Utility of the laser particle counter for determination of drinking-water toxicity

    Particle toxicity in various water samples depends on the mixture of toxicants in each sample. Toxicity values for different samples can be expressed using the new metric: Particle Toxicity. Use of the Spectrex PC-2000 was the instrument of choice in enumerating the particle concentrations for the calculation of the particle toxicity of drinking-water and reference toxicant suspensions. ...


    By Spectrex Corporation

  • TOC Analysis for Standard Methods 5310B: High-Temperature Combustion Method

    Introduction Total Organic Carbon (TOC) is a rapid method that analyzes for organic carbon and expresses the result as the amount of carbon found. It is a non-specific method unable to distinguish between various organic species and only indicates that organic carbon compounds are present. Organic carbon analyzers operate by the determination of the amount of total carbon present in a ...

  • Manganese in Madison’s Drinking Water

    Public concern over events of manganese-discolored drinking water and the potential for adverse health effects from exposure to excess manganese reached a high level in 2005. In response, Public Health Madison Dane County, together with the Madison Water Utility, conceived and implemented a public health/water utility strategy to quantify the extent of the manganese problem, determine the ...

  • Drinking water - India

    EconoPure Water Systems EconoPure Water Systems (formerly DVX Water Technologies, LLC) designs and manufactures highly economical, scalable, low-fouling membrane systems. The Company leverages the unique low-fouling nanofiltration (“LFNano”) system consisting of a unique membrane element that is designed to avoid particulate fouling, biofouling, and scaling. As the name suggests, ...


    By EconoPure Water Systems, LLC

  • Bacterial composition in a metropolitan drinking water distribution system utilizing different source waters

    We investigated the bacterial composition of water samples from two service areas within a drinking water distribution system (DWDS), each associated with a different primary source of water (groundwater, GW; surface water, SW) and different treatment process. Community analysis based on 16S rRNA gene clone libraries indicated that Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium spp.) and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking water: the problem of chlorinous odours

    Chlorinous off-flavours in drinking water are a leading cause of complaints to Australian water utilities and other utilities worldwide. The occurrence and causes of chlorinous odours in drinking water were investigated with the use of an odour panel, trained using a modified flavour profile analysis technique. A new system for classifying water types according to the causes of chlorinous odours ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Homeland Security for Drinking Water Supplies

    As it has done with other jurisdictions, Congress has recently passed legislation aimed at protecting our nation's drinking water resources. Historically, water supply protection has been a high priority, including reservoir protection, continuous monitoring, and secure and redundant facilities to ensure an uninterrupted supply of drinking water. The Clean Water Act (1972), requires pollution ...


    By AECOM

  • Dallas water utilities - Case Study

    Integrity Municipal Systems Restores Eight Lime Slakers for the Bachman Water Treatment Plant in Dallas, TX: Almost $1M Saved Compared to New Systems Dallas Water Utilities (DWU) provides approximately one billion gallons per day of clean drinking water to more than 1.2 million residents from three processing facilities. Reliability is vital to DWU and its customers. To ensure ...


    By Integrity Municipal Systems

  • Decontamination of a drinking water pipeline system contaminated with adenovirus and Escherichia coli utilizing peracetic acid and chlorine

    A contaminated drinking water distribution network can be responsible for major outbreaks of infections. In this study, two chemical decontaminants, peracetic acid (PAA) and chlorine, were used to test how a laboratory-scale pipeline system can be cleaned after simultaneous contamination with human adenovirus 40 (AdV40) and Escherichia coli. In addition, the effect of the decontaminants on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Variations of disinfection by-product levels in small drinking water utilities according to climate change scenarios: a first assessment

    In Québec, Canada, shifts in climate patterns (i.e., rainfall increase) could have consequences on source water quality due to the intensification of surface/groundwater runoff contamination events, leading to a decline in drinking water treatment efficiency and ultimately disinfection by-products (DBPs) formation following treatment. To assess the impacts of climate change (CC) scenarios on ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Estimated Costs to Utilities for Issuing A Boil Water Advisory

    The United States Safe Drinking Water Act (SDWA) has stringent standards in place to ensure the safe distribution of water. However, water quality problems (e.g. water main breaks, elevated turbidity, microbiological non-compliance, etc.) can result in these standards not being met. The consequence of this is often a boil water advisory to inform the public that the water is unsafe to drink. ...

  • GC-MS/MS Analysis of Pesticides in Drinking Water

    According to Japan’s list of drinking water quality control substances, pesticides are included as supplemental items subject to analysis. Designed to complement the standards, the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare encourages water utilities to monitor pesticide levels and achieve specified targets. Among the 102 listed pesticides, 84 are simultaneously analyzed using solid-phase ...

  • Development of performance assessment method for drinking water infrastructure

    In Japan, many drinking water systems were developed during the 1960s and 1970s, and a considerable proportion of them is now showing various signs of aging or seismic vulnerability. The major issue for many drinking water utilities is how to update those facilities in the best way to improve their deteriorating/insufficient performance. The existing performance assessment methods for water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Private sector involvement in drinking water supply in Ghana

    Two approaches by Private Sector Involvement (PSI) in drinking water supply are followed in Ghana. In the urban areas the public utility (Ghana Water Company Limited) now has private sector management via a management contract, whereas in the small towns and rural areas the responsibility for water services is decentralised. The District Assemblies use the Community Water and Sanitation Agency ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ensuring safe drinking water case study

    Challenge: A state environmental agency contracted with Antea Group to assist in the execution of a state-wide clean drinking water program. Program objectives included the development of an efficient and standardized program to monitor for chemical and biological contaminants across more than 6,500 public water systems. ...


    By Antea Group - USA

  • Application of chemical oxygen demand to drinking water

    “This study investigated the use of a photoelectrochemical chemical oxygen demand (peCOD) analyzer for the detection of model organic compounds and natural organic matter (NOM) from four drinking water treatment plants in Nova Scotia, Canada. Most model organic compounds showed ...


    By Camlab Limited

  • Perceived agricultural runoff impact on drinking water

    Agricultural runoff into surface water is a problem in Australia, as it is in arguably all agriculturally active countries. While farm practices and resource management measures are employed to reduce downstream effects, they are often either technically insufficient or practically unsustainable. Therefore, consumers may still be exposed to agrichemicals whenever they turn on the tap. For rural ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Removing Chloramines from Drinking Water Supplies

    Historically, most public water supplies have been treated with chlorine to satisfy the standards set by the Safe Drinking Water Act of 1974. Since being established, there is reason to believe that the standards may be too lenient on the allowable contaminant levels in our drinking water. For instance, chlorine and other disinfectants react with organic matter creating ...


    By General Carbon Corp.

  • Towards a Service Quality Model for Water Utilities

    Regulation of water utilities is often achieved through “yard-stick competition”, where the service quality of monopolistic service providers is compared with peer organisations in the same jurisdiction (Braadbaart, 2007; Lin & Berg, 2008). Regulatory models for water utilities focus on measuring business performance through a series of indicators (Braadbaart, 2007; Byatt, 2013; ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Drinking Water Aesthetics Improve with Ozone Treatment

    High quality water sources for municipal use are dwindling, forcing utilities to seek alternate water sources. Many times, aesthetics are the only problem preventing the use of these alternate water sources for potable purposes. Although typically used as a disinfectant, ozone offers municipal water purveyors the benefits of being the strongest commercially available oxidizing agent (Table 1). ...

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