ec directive Articles

  • Direct Mass Flow or Volumetric: The Thermal Flow Meter Technology Advantage!

    In today’s world where everyone is watching the bottom line, you need high performance, cost-effective instrumentation—and capillary thermal mass flow meters and controllers have been proven to meet this criteria in a wide range of process applications. Thermal mass flow technology is an industry standard for mass flow control of gases because it measures flow directly, at the ...


    By Sierra Instruments, Inc.

  • Environmental impact assessment of air quality in street canyons related to council directives 1999/30/EC and 2000/69/EC

    Council directive 96/62/EC on ambient air quality assessment and management requires the development of action plans for zones where concentrations of pollutants in ambient air exceed limit values. The directive also recognises air quality models as assessment tools. We discuss the application of an integrated air quality model, Air quality modelling in Urban Regions using an Optimal Resolution ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • European water policies and human health — Combining reported environmental information

    Society depends on the satisfactory and sustainable management of water. Historically, the primary purpose of water treatment was to protect human health, through reducing disease being transmitted through water. Subsequent measures to address environmental concerns have broadened our expectations of what water and waste water treatment should deliver. This report considers three pieces of EU ...

  • EC explains its proposed new directive on cutting fuel consumption in road vehicles

    The Commission's revised proposal for a Directive on the promotion of clean and energy efficient road transport vehicles introduces sustainable economics into public procurement of vehicles and transport services. Public authorities will use criteria for lifetime costs for energy consumption, CO2 emissions and pollutant emissions when they procure vehicles. A harmonised methodology will be ...

  • Article: Liability for damage to public natural resources under the 2004 EC Environmental Liability Directive: Standing and assessment of damages

    This article focuses on the April 2004 EC Directive on Environmental Liability (Directive 2004/35/CE). It examines its measure of damages, its framework for assessing damages and its provisions regarding the issue of standing. Comparisons will regularly be made with the United States Oil Pollution Act of 1990, its natural resource damage regulations and its provisions on locus standi. Finally, a ...


  • Public preferences for water quality improvements: implications for the implementation of the EC Water Framework Directive in Scotland

    The EC Water Framework Directive (WFD) sets ambitious quality targets for member state water bodies by 2015. The provisions are being transposed predominantly using a cost-effectiveness criterion, which raises questions about the relative balance of costs [of reaching good status (GS)] and corresponding (non-)market benefits or the economic efficiency of the legislation. This study provides an ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Does harmonisation go far enough? The E-Commerce Directive 2000/31/EC: implementation and sanctions

    The E-Commerce Directive 2000/31/EC sets out principles and duties to reach a high standard of consumer protection. These mechanisms ensure that the consumer is generally well informed and gets the same standard of protection everywhere in the European Union. The member states have taken measures to ensure effective implementation and application of the duties arising from the directives in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Canarina CUSTIC software · directive 2002/49/EC · environmental noise · commands 9

    5.1 Menu Bar Display the commands you use to build your simulation. When you choose one of the menus, the program displays a pull-down list of available commands. The program window has a basic tool bar under the Menu bar. The tool bar provides quick access to commonly used commands in the program. You click ...

  • Horizontal environmental EC legislation: A short policy guide

    Without access to information and participation in decision-making, democratic decision-making is unthinkable. Furthermore, lack of information prevents citizens from making important choices based on the given information. Lack of information also hinders participation in decision-making, as only informed citizens can take action in an appropriate way. Without establishing a right to access to ...

  • EC`s annual policy strategy for 2009

    2009 will be an important year for the European Union. It will bring a new European Parliament and a new European Commission. Depending on the completion of national ratification processes, 2009 should also see the entry into force of the Treaty of Lisbon. With a stable institutional framework in place, the Union will be able to concentrate on addressing the concrete challenges ahead – such as ...


    By European Commission

  • EC Issues Final Report on the Sustainable Use of Biocides

    On March 16, 2016, the European Commission (EC) issued its final report on the sustainable use of biocides. Article 18 of the European Union’s (EU) biocidal products regulation (BPR) directs the EC to issue a report on how the BPR ...


    By Bergeson & Campbell, P.C.

  • Methodology to elaborate the bathing water profile on urban beaches, according to the requirements of the European Directive 2006/7/EC: the case of Santander beaches (Spain)

    The approval of the current Bathing Water Directive (Directive 2006/7/EC) set the necessity to define the bathing water profile. The goals established in the definition of the profile are: (i) to know the processes that determine the concentration of bacteriological indicators in the aquatic environment, (ii) to obtain relationships between the cause of pollution and its effects, and (iii) to ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Defects in the Environmental Liability Directive

    After much deliberation, the European Union enacted a directive on Environmental Liability, 2004/35/EC. The April 30, 2007 date for national transposition and the effectiveness of the law has passed. Its requirements are now in force, but how effective will they be? One key element of the Directive is the requirment that operators notify authorities when their actions cause (Article  6) or ...


  • RoHS and WEEE – The New European Directives

    - DO THEY WORK and WHY (Or WHY NOT)? - Current Application and Development in the EU and USA INTRODUCTION In the last few years the need to produce 'environmentally friendly' products has been seriously considered by EU countries. The debate over how and why to produce such products has moved from being consumer-led to a legal requirement. Legislation was necessary to resolve the ...


  • NEC Directive status report 2013

    This report describes the most recent emission inventory information provided by the Member States of the European Union (EU) at the end of 2013 under Directive 2001/81/EC, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (EC, 2001). The NECD requires all 28 EU Member States to report information annually on emissions of four significant air pollutants: nitrogen oxides (NOX), non.methane volatile ...

  • NEC Directive status report 2011

    'The aim [of the National Emission Ceilings Directive] is to limit emissions of acidifying and eutrophying pollutants and ozone precursors in order to improve the protection in the Community of the environment and human health... by establishing national emission ceilings…' Directive 2001/81/EC, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (EC, 2001) highlights the importance of ...

  • NEC Directive status report 2012

    This report describes the most recent emission inventory information provided by the Member States of the European Union at the end of 2012 under Directive 2001/81/EC, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD) (EC, 2001). The NECD requires all 27 Member States to report information annually concerning emissions for four important air pollutants: nitrogen oxides (NOX), non-methane volatile ...

  • NEC Directive Status Report 2014

    Reporting by Member States under Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council of 23 October 2001 on national emission ceilings for certain atmospheric pollutants This report describes the most recent emission inventory information provided by the Member States of the European Union (EU) at the end of 2014, under Directive 2001/81/EC of the European Parliament and of the ...

  • The devil in the detail of the Water Framework Directive

    Introduction By the end of this year the UK, along with other Member States of the EC, will have transposed the Water Framework Directive (WFD) into national legislation. This is the first step in implementing the most substantial piece of water legislation to come out of Brussels, but the details about what will be required from industry in terms of costs and benefits are still very uncertain. ...


    By WRc plc

  • How does the EU directive on biocides work?

    Question: How does the EU directive on biocides work? The EU Biocide Products Directive 98/8/EC (known as the BPD) was issued in February 1998 and was to be implemented in all member states by 13 May 2000. In many ways, the BPD is a precursor to the proposed REACh regulation, which will require the registration of all existing chemical substances in the EU. Similarly to the REACh, the purpose ...


    By 3E Company

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