eco-efficiency Articles

  • The efficiency and eco-efficiency of manufacturing

    In this paper, we review the efficiency of both manufacturing processes and systems over recent decades and compare nano-materials technologies in this context. To a first approximation, nano-materials processes appear to be about as efficient as semi-conductor processes. That is, their second law efficiencies are of the order 10−5, while conventional processes are of order 10−2. ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Intelligent valve actuators assist compliance

    The stringent regulation of the water and waste treatment industry demands more efficiency and improvements in process performance. A key area is the elimination of unexpected breakdowns and interruptions to processes which can have quality, environmental and financial ...


    By Rotork plc

  • Surface Water Monitoring - Case Study

    Safe operation of a Water Treatment Plant (WTP) requires careful monitoring of the water supply influent to the plant, as a guard for any substances entering the treatment works that could negatively impact treated water quality in the distribution system. One aspect of water quality that has recently garnered more attention from authorities and utilities is Natural Organic Matter (NOM), which ...


    By MANTECH Inc.

  • Tailor-made controls for hazardous, corrosive and subsea environments

    With the oil and gas industry in general facing pressures of extracting from marginal fields on and off-shore, it is vital that every platform is designed to be as energy efficient and productive as possible. In a recent interview Kevin Aston, a product expert at Rotork Midland, said: “Midland-ACS, which is the industry recognised brand of Rotork Midland, has been providing products and ...


    By Rotork plc

  • Why Interactive Ultrasonic Programs are Important to Effectively Control Algae

    Many different algal types can bloom in a water body. Some of these algae are plant cells, while others are bacteria. Algae may vary in size, shape and cell characteristics. Typically, the type of algae that blooms depends on water temperature and sun hours. As a result, algal types may change several times during a season. To effectively  ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Eco-efficiency in the minerals and metals industry

    This paper explores the relationships between materials stewardship, eco-efficiency, and the product policies of governments. In doing so, a focus is maintained on the relevance of these industrial strategies and policies to the minerals and metals industry. Progress toward sustainable development requires a strong focus on accessing and harvesting natural resources with minimal social and ...

  • On eco-efficiency and sustainable development in Estonia

    The basic idea of sustainable development is a firm understanding that all resources, renewable as well as non-renewable, are limited. Human activities should not exceed the buffering capacity of the earth's ecosystems and the replenishment potential of material cycles. Use of non-renewable, mainly mineral, resources should be kept at the minimum possible level, postponing the depletion of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Work and eco-efficiency: opportunities and limitations

    In industrial ecology, the interaction of industrial and ecological systems has been approached mainly with concepts of metabolism, material flows and ecological metaphors. Less attention has been paid to the concept of work. In this article I study the contribution of eco-efficiency to social and ecological sustainability from the perspective of human work, work performed by technology and work ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Reconsidering quantification of eco-efficiency: application to a national economy

    The concept of Eco-efficiency combines sparing use of natural resources and environmental policy objectives with economic efficiency, the aim being the reduced use of natural resources in order to alleviate the environmental consequences of overburdening the environment. Thus, it seems a potential action strategy for the striving towards sustainable development. One of the publicised quantitative ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eco-Efficient Leadership for Improved Economic and Environmental Performance

    Eco-efficiency is a management philosophy. It encourages businesses to become more competitive, more innovative and more environmentally responsible. This paper outlines the main elements of this developing concept and provides examples of how it has improved the economic and environmental performance of companies.  ...

  • Waste Free Offices. Eco-Efficiency Case Study.

    Introduction Xerox Limited, an arm of Xerox Corporation, has responsibility for European markets. Xerox Limited offers a wide array of document-related business solutions, products and services, and recently moved into the digital office equipment market. Xerox produces copiers, printers, scanners, faxes and provides solutions for document transfer. Xerox Limited is dedicated to ...


  • Eco-efficiency as a road-mapping instrument for WEEE implementation

    A comprehensive and quantitative eco-efficiency concept for end-of-life consumer electronics is developed at the TU Delft. It addresses the key question in setting up take-back systems for discarded consumer electronics: how much environmental improvement can be realised per amount of money invested? This paper highlights the latest results of applying the concept in practice on the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cleaner Production and Eco-Efficiency in Australian small firms

    This paper reviews the Cleaner Production (CP) and Eco-Efficiency (EE) initiatives from 30 Australian small firms that participated in government-funded programs. The review focuses on the type of opportunities implemented, their technical complexity and business significance, and motivators for their identification and implementation. Even though the results are only illustrative, they clearly ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Editorial: Eco-efficiency is important when it is strategic

    Microeconomics Eco-Efficiency (EE) theory is now a normative and prescriptive political position and a management goal. Macroeconomics science proves that microeconomics EE theory is false. The EE overall objective and vision is a relative ratio. That of macroeconomics sustainability is an absolute limit. Simple calculations of EE and factor X targets for different countries support the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development of eco-efficiency in metal production in Finland

    In this article we reconsider if Eco-Efficiency (EE) is a suitable practical tool of Industrial Ecology (IE) to measure the progress towards Sustainable Development (SD) and the aims of IE. EE combines sparing use of natural resources with economic efficiency, the aim being reduced use of natural resources. Many scientific, government and international organisations consider EE an essential ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Eco-Efficiency and Cleaner Production: Charting the Course to Sustainability

    Eco-Efficiency starts from issues of economic efficiency which have positive environmental benefits, while cleaner production starts from issues of environmental efficiency which have positive economic benefits. ...

  • Measuring Eco-efficiency: a Guide to Reporting Company Performance

     Abstract New corporate WBCSD guide offers common framework for measuring and reporting eco-efficiency. Eco-efficiency is widely adopted in today’s business world but approaches to measuring and reporting its performance have lacked consistency. For the first time, a report by the World Business Council for Sustainable Development (WBCSD) proposes a common measurement framework that ...

  • An eco-efficiency analysis of the snowboard manufacturing industry

    This paper examines the eco-efficiency of the snowboard manufacturing industry and how it relates to global warming, increasing climactic volatility and reductions in snowfall worldwide. Our data, and subsequent analysis, illustrate the current eco-efficiency activity within a sample group of snowboard brands headquartered throughout North America and Europe. Though the sample group exhibited an ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The eco-efficiency of reuse centres critically explored – the washing machine case

    By repairing and reselling used products, reuse centres aim at creating low-skill jobs while offering low-cost and environmentally beneficial products. However, due to a combination of decreased efficiency of worn-out products and technological progress embodied in new products, lifetime extension of old products is not always the most beneficial scenario from an environmental nor an economic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Business, Eco-Efficiency and Sustainable Development: The Role of Management Tools

     Executive Summary Sustainable development is not incompatible – and can be mutually supportive – with competitiveness. Business has many ‘win-win’ opportunities to create environmental and/or social improvement whilst increasing profits and market share. This can create new sources of employment. Business has reconciled the need for sustainable development with the demands of ...

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