ecological field study Articles

  • December BioCycle World

    Economic Impact Of Recycling In Texas The Texas Commission on Environmental Quality (TCEQ) released its recent study on the economic impact of recycling activities in the state. Approximately 9.2 million tons of MSW designated materials were recycled in Texas in 2015. Typical recyclables (paper, plastics, metal, and glass), organics (yard trimmings, brush, green waste, and food and ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • The ontologies of industrial ecology?

    Industrial ecology is one of a number of new fields of study, such as 'green chemistry' or 'ecological economics', that have deliberately reached across different disciplines in both name and substance. This raises a number of issues for the practitioner, including difficult questions of boundary and field content (when is something 'industrial ecology' and when is it a part of another ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Development and application of the SSD approach in scientific case studies for Ecological Risk Assessment

    Species Sensitivity Distributions (SSDs) are used in Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) for extrapolation of the results of toxicity tests with single‐species to a toxicity threshold considered protective of ecosystem structure and functioning. The attention to and importance of the SSD approach has increased in scientific and regulatory communities since the 1990s. It triggered discussions and ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Editorial: Towards progress in industrial ecology

    This contribution introduces the vision, aims and scope of our new journal, Progress in Industrial Ecology: An International Journal. We introduce the seventeen papers of this "massive" triple issue – the first issue of the new journal – as well as discussing their connections and shared messages in making progress in the transition towards a more sustainable global society. Our vision for this ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Soil invertebrate community change over fuel‐contaminated sites on a subantarctic island: An ecological field‐based line of evidence for site risk assessment

    A number of fuel spills, of both recent and historic origins, have occurred on World Heritage listed subantarctic Macquarie Island. Sites contaminated by mainly diesel fuels are undergoing remediation by the Australian Antarctic Division. The risks posed by these sites are being managed using a “weight of evidence” approach, for which this study provides a preliminary line of evidence for the ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ranking ecological risks of multiple chemical stressors on amphibians

    Populations of amphibians have been declining worldwide since the late 1960s. Despite global concern, no studies have quantitatively assessed the major causes of this decline. In the present study, species sensitivity distributions (SSDs) were developed to analyze the sensitivity of anurans for ammonium, nitrate, heavy metals (cadmium, copper), pesticides (18 compounds), and acidification (pH) ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Application of species sensitivity distribution in aquatic probabilistic ecological risk assessment of cypermethrin: A case study in an urban stream in South China

    A tiered ecological risk assessment (ERA) was applied to quantitatively refine the overall probabilistic risk of cypermethrin, a pyrethroid insecticide, to aquatic organisms. These results were then validated through the bioassays using field water from an urban stream, Chebei Creek in Guangzhou, South China. Seventeen water samples were collected along Chebei Creek for evaluation. In total, ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ecological Correlates of Extinction Proneness in Tropical Butterflies

    Abstract: Widespread and rapid losses of natural habitats and biodiversity have made the identification of extinction-prone species a major challenge in conservation biology. We assessed the relative importance of biologically relevant species traits (e.g., body size, ecological specialization) obtained from published records to determine the extinction probability of ...


  • Potential Ecological Distribution of Alien Invasive Species and Risk Assessment: a Case Study of Buffel Grass in Arid Regions of Mexico

    Abstract: Alien invasive species represent a severe risk to biodiversity. Such is the case of buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.), a native species of Southern Asia and East Africa, which was introduced to the United States and Mexico for use in improved pasture. Here we present a coarse-grain approach to determine areas where buffel grass can potentially invade in Mexico. ...


  • Suburban sprawl doesn’t have to be ecologically devastating

    As development gobbles up open space, conservationists take a fresh look at subdivisions with biodiversity in mind. Fort Collins, Colo., is a growing, vibrant college town with a typical American problem: Beyond its idyllic historic city center, cookie-cutter subdivisions are eating away at farm fields, ranches and forests. According to the ...


    By Ensia

  • Considering ecological formulations for estimating deposition velocity in air quality models

    A dry deposition modelling approach that includes surface feedback through photosynthesis relationships was recently developed. A canopy photosynthesis model is dynamically coupled to an atmospheric model with prognostic soil hydrology and surface energy balance. The effective surface resistance is calculated for a realistic and fully interactive estimation of gaseous deposition velocity (Vd). ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Toxicity of dietary methylmercury to fish: Derivation of ecologically meaningful threshold concentrations

    Threshold concentrations associated with adverse effects of dietary exposure to methylmercury (MeHg) were derived from published results of laboratory studies on a variety of fish species. Adverse effects related to mortality were uncommon, whereas adverse effects related to growth occurred only at dietary MeHg concentrations exceeding 2.5 µg g−1 wet weight. Adverse effects on behavior of fish ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Characterization of ecological risks from environmental releases of decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5)

    Decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5) is used in personal care products and industrial applications. The authors summarize the risks to the environment from D5 based on multiple lines of evidence and conclude that it presents negligible risk. Laboratory and field studies show that D5 is not toxic to aquatic organisms or benthic invertebrates up to its solubility limit in water or porewater or its ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Decision support for ecological river rehabilitation using fish habitat database

    After the recent success of several river rehabilitation projects including the Cheong-gye river case, a large number of local governments have been promoting their own projects in Korea. Most of the projects are aimed at securing the soundness of aquatic ecosystems according to the guidelines presented by the Korea Ministry of Environment. However, there is no clear guidance for the management ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • A site‐specific ecological risk assessment for corn‐associated insecticides

    A site‐specific ecological risk assessment (ERA) was conducted to examine the simultaneous use of genetically modified corn (Bt corn) with a neonicotinoid seed coating, clothianidin, and use of a granular insecticide, tefluthrin, to protect crops from pest damage. A field study was conducted on‐site and exposure data from the literature was summarized to determine the matrices and exposure ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ecology of duckweed ponds used for nutrient recovery from wastewater

    The microorganism community that grows under duckweed shelter can play an important role on treatment processes. Therefore, the present study aimed to assess the zooplankton dynamic and microbial community in duckweed ponds (DPs) applied for domestic wastewater treatment under open field conditions. A pilot system comprised of two DPs in series (DP1 and DP2), with 10 m2 each, received domestic ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Different paths, same mountain: Daoism, ecology and the new paradigm of science

    Western physics in the 18th century was fundamental in establishing basic concepts in the study of economics. However, this form of physics has now been comprehensively displaced by progress within Western science, notably the rise of the new paradigm of science formalised as systems theory. This utilises new mathematical techniques incorporating Newtonian science within a far larger field of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developing ecological scenarios for the prospective aquatic risk assessment of pesticides

    The prospective aquatic Environmental Risk Assessment (ERA) of pesticides is generally based on the comparison of predicted environmental concentrations in edge‐of‐field surface waters with regulatory acceptable concentrations derived from laboratory and/or semi‐field experiments with aquatic organisms. New improvements in mechanistic effect modelling have allowed a better characterization of ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Between field and table: environmental implications of local food distribution

    Local food has been championed as a sustainable alternative to the industrial food system for many reasons, including a perceived environmental benefit through an expected decrease in the energy needed for transport from farm to market. The environmental benefit of local food, however, has been clouded by questions surrounding the energy footprint of small–scale distribution methods that do ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Case study - Keycare

    Situation Keycare are leaders in the field of key recovery and replacement. They achieve business and personal growth by putting performance and results first and by investing in the personal development of their people in addition to supporting the wider community outside the business. Keycare have a number of values that suppo1rt business and personal growth. Their values were one of the ...


    By Carbon Credentials

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