ecological modeling Articles

  • Industrial ecology as an ecological model for business: diversity and firm survival

    Krebs (2008) suggests that an ecological worldview should displace the economic worldview. This means business could increasingly be analysed from an ecological perspective. Some moves in this direction have been made, but one area so far left unexplored is the question of whether the ecosystem metaphor allows a comparison between the way ecosystems change over time and the way human economic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Ecological Risk Assessment

    In recent years, ecological risk assessment (ERA) has emerged as an important part of environmental protection programs. The following discussion provides a brief overview of ERA issues. What is ecological risk assessment? Ecological risk assessment is the practice of determining the nature and likelihood of effects of our actions on animals, plants, and the environment. ...

  • "Ecological-oriented consumption": a pluriactoral approach

    We propose a model grouping the main factors that allow the success or failure of actions in ecological-oriented consumption to be assessed. Illustrated by some case studies, this model is then situated within a broader pluriactoral analysis, bringing together consumers, industries, and public authorities. We show that the conditions needed for the success of ecological-oriented choices by ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Industrial ecology as mediator and negotiator between ecology and industrial sustainability

    This article discusses hybrid theory development efforts within industrial ecology. The framework is Latour's (1988) Prince metaphor, which he expanded to describe machines and machinations, technology and society. Technology including industrial ecology is regarded here as mediator between nature and society. Aspects on standard ecology and principles for ecosystem thinking as background for our ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Russian Ecology Monitoring Market Analysis

    The report is available in Russian. Translated version (English) is available within 5 working days after the report’s purchase. Purpose of this report was to analyze market of ecology monitoring in Russia. The research is unique as this is the only product, describing the market of ecology monitoring in Russia. This report includes analysis of legal issues, main stages and description of ...


  • How Communities Are Reducing Ecological Footprints

    MUNICIPAL LEADERS from San Francisco to Melbourne are engaging in sustainability actions from banning plastic bags and bottled water to making commitments to address climate change. But within and beyond cities, growing numbers of local communities are also going green, according to a new Vital Signs Update from the Worldwatch Institute. Worldwide, the 379 “ecovillages” currently registered with ...


    By BioCycle Magazine

  • Mechanistic effect modeling for ecological risk assessment: Where to go from here?

    Mechanistic effect models (MEMs) consider the mechanisms of how chemicals affect individuals and ecological systems such as populations and communities. There is an increasing awareness that MEMs have high potential to make risk assessment of chemicals more ecologically relevant than current standard practice. Here we discuss what kinds of MEMs are needed to improve scientific and regulatory ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Towards a model of green political economy: from ecological modernisation to economic security

    Perhaps the weakest aspect of the 'triple bottom line' understanding of sustainable development has been the 'economic' dimension. Much of the thinking about the appropriate 'political economy' to underpin sustainable development has been either utopian (as in some 'green' political views) or 'business as usual' approaches. This article suggests that 'ecological modernisation' is the dominant ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Developing predictive systems models to address complexity and relevance for ecological risk assessment

    Ecological risk assessments (ERAs) are not used as well as they could be in risk management. Part of the problem is that they often lack ecological relevance; that is, they fail to grasp necessary ecological complexities. Adding realism and complexity can be difficult and costly. We argue that predictive systems models (PSMs) can provide a way of capturing complexity and ecological relevance ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Validation of the STRIVE model for coupling ecological processes and surface water flow

    The 1D model package STRIVE is verified for simulating the interaction between ecological processes and surface water flow. The model is general and can be adapted and further developed according to the research question. The hydraulic module, based on the Saint-Venant equations, is the core part. The presence of macrophytes influences the water quality and the discharge due to the flow ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • The Use of Models For Ecological Risk Assessment in Coastal Ecosystems: Thresholds Point of View

    Ecological Risk Assessment (ERA) can be defined as “the process for systematically evaluating how likely it is that adverse ecological effects may occur as a result of exposure to one or more stressors” (U.S. EPA, 1998). The idea of adopting ERA as a fundamental component in the management of ecosystems has gained an increased recognition due to the fact that it is impossible to eliminate all ...


  • Participatory development, a path to ecological preservation: an approach with case studies and modelling

    Population is growing and the natural environment is being degraded. These are world-wide phenomena. Both processes need to be slowed down or even reversed, in order to maintain a supply of natural resources for future generations. Initiatives to reverse the process of ecological degradation can be found in rural India. People are first persuaded to pool private property resources, which are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An ecological engineering system model applied to the case of an integrated agro-industrial complex

    Intensive stock breeding namely swine, beef and dairy cattle and related activities are characterised by an enormous pollution potential. Without suitable treatment, this kind of waste with high levels of organic matter, nutrients, heavy metals and pathogenic microorganisms originates air, water, soil and food chain contamination. The removal or the reduction of the pollutant matter contained in ...


    By ORBIT e.V.

  • Considering ecological formulations for estimating deposition velocity in air quality models

    A dry deposition modelling approach that includes surface feedback through photosynthesis relationships was recently developed. A canopy photosynthesis model is dynamically coupled to an atmospheric model with prognostic soil hydrology and surface energy balance. The effective surface resistance is calculated for a realistic and fully interactive estimation of gaseous deposition velocity (Vd). ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Integrated Bayesian network framework for modeling complex ecological issues

    The management of environmental problems is multifaceted, requiring varied and sometimes conflicting objectives and perspectives to be considered. Bayesian network (BN) modeling facilitates the integration of information from diverse sources and is well suited to tackling the management challenges of complex environmental problems. However, combining several perspectives in one model can lead to ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • From biofilm ecology to reactors: a focused review

    Biofilms are complex biostructures that appear on all surfaces that are regularly in contact with water. They are structurally complex, dynamic systems with attributes of primordial multicellular organisms and multifaceted ecosystems. The presence of biofilms may have a negative impact on the performance of various systems, but they can also be used beneficially for the treatment of water ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Industrial Ecology as a learning process in business strategy

    For Industrial Ecology to be successful, it will need to be adopted by many practitioners in industrial society, at different system levels (e.g. company, region, national). This paper adapts the technology transfer model developed by Seaton and Cordey-Hayes by combining it with the idea of industrial ecology as a learning process. The resulting model is applied at the company, network and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Challenges for exposure prediction in Ecological Risk Assessment

    Evaluating organism exposure in the ecosystems is a difficult task and can be carried out measuring or predicting concentrations in the environment. While current regulatory approaches favour a modelling approach, they either use a static representation of the environment and of the chemical discharge or a simplified dynamic approach (e.g. dealing with pesticides). Improving the ecological ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Ecologically-based approaches to evaluate the sustainability of industrial systems

    Industrial ecology, promoted as a discipline of 'sustainability science', applies ecological concepts to industrial systems to improve their sustainability. Concepts such as diversity, food webs and nutrient recycling have been investigated for industrial systems. Complex systems theory may also prove to be an appropriate framework for industrial systems research. This framework can identify the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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