ecosystem restoration Articles

  • A framework for establishing restoration goals for contaminated ecosystems

    As natural resources become increasingly limited, the value of restoring contaminated sites, both terrestrial and aquatic, becomes increasingly apparent. Traditionally, goals for remediation have been set prior to any consideration of goals for ecological restoration. The goals for remediation have focused on removing or limiting contamination while restoration goals have targeted the ultimate ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Disentangling the multiple stressors acting on stream ecosystems to support restoration priorities

    Stream ecosystems may suffer from the effects of multiple stressors. Planning restoration actions without knowing the relative weight of each stressor might lead to disproportionately costly or ecologically meaningless measures. This is particularly relevant under the EU Water Framework Directive where economic considerations play a role in justifying exemptions from the overarching aim of the ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Opportunities and challenges of integrating ecological restoration into assessment and management of contaminated ecosystems

    Ecosystem restoration planning near the beginning of the site assessment and management process (“early integration”) involves consideration of restoration goals from the outset in developing solutions for contaminated ecosystems. There are limitations to integration that stem from institutional barriers, few successful precedents and limited availability of guidance. Challenges occur in ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Transforming Ecosystems: When, Where, and How to Restore Contaminated Sites

    Chemical contamination has impaired ecosystems, reducing biodiversity and the provisioning of functions and services. This has spurred a movement to restore contaminated ecosystems and develop and implement national and international regulations that require it. Nevertheless, ecological restoration remains a young and rapidly growing discipline and its intersection with toxicology is even more ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Biotechnological approach for ecosystem restoration of mine spoil dump in India

    Mine-degraded land (mine spoil dumps) has been restored through plantation in India by eco-friendly and cost-effective approach. This technology involves selection of suitable native plant species, isolation and inoculation of site-specific nitrogen-fixing microbial strains and nutrient mobilising vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal species in combination with organic amendments to control the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Stormwater Management Techniques for Ecosystem Restoration Using Flow Regime Improvements

    This study demonstrates how stormwater management techniques can produce ecosystem restoration through flow regime restoration. The study acknowledges other factors, such as water quality and habitat influence ecosystem restoration, but focuses upon hydrology restoration for overall watershed restoration guidance. The study uses established relationships between flow regime and watershed ...

  • Integrated risk and recovery monitoring of ecosystem restorations on contaminated sites

    Ecological restorations of contaminated sites balance the human and ecological risks of residual contamination with the benefits of ecological recovery and the return of lost ecological function and ecosystem services. Risk and recovery are interrelated dynamic conditions, changing as remediation and restoration activities progress through implementation into long‐term management and ecosystem ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • Willingness to pay for the urban river ecosystem restoration in Hangzhou and Nanjing, China

    Continuing degradation of river ecosystems and environmental disruption are widespread in Chinese metropolitan areas. The study on the residents' preference for river ecosystem restoration is an essential part of assessing the environmental benefit and cost for policies implementation. A contingent valuation method is applied to estimate the public demand for urban river restoration in Hangzhou ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Synthetic vegetation: An ecosystem prosthesis

    Abstract: In this paper, an entirely novel, theoretical restoration/conservation tool will be described. This tool will take the form of self-sustaining ‘synthetic vegetation’ designed, through the use of solar energy, to generate Oxygen through the electrolysis of water and sequester CO2 in a disposable form through the formation of Carbonic acid amongst other things; in short simulate many of ...

  • Environmental restoration is big business

    Think environmental protection hurts business? You just might want to think again. In a study published last week at PLOS ONE, University of North Carolina land use and environmental planning faculty member Todd BenDor and colleagues calculated the dollars-and-cents impact of ...


    By Ensia

  • An economic analysis of ecosystem restoration concession policy in Indonesia: a new strategy for sustainable forest management?

    To tackle the high rate of deforestation in Indonesia's production forests, a new type of licence was introduced in 2004 known as an Ecosystem Restoration Concession (ERC) or IUPHHK–RE by the Indonesian Government. For the first time, production forests could be managed for the purpose of restoration instead of logging. At the same time, however, the economic feasibility of ecosystem restoration ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Restoration of impaired ecosystems: An ounce of prevention or a pound of cure? Introduction, overview, and key messages from a SETAC‐SER workshop

    A workshop on Restoration of Impaired Ecosystems was held in Jackson, Wyoming, in June 2014. Experts from Australia, Canada, Mexico, the United Kingdom, and the United States in ecotoxicology, restoration, and related fields from both the Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry and the Society for Ecological Restoration convened to advance the practice of restoring ecosystems that ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • “Novel ecosystems” are a Trojan horse for conservation

    They provide a license to trash nature if they provide ecosystem services Conservation biology and restoration ecology have been roiled by a bandwagon termed “novel ecosystems,” heralded as the “new ecological world order” in a manifesto published in 2006 by several ecologists headed by Richard Hobbs, then editor in chief of the journal ...


    By Ensia

  • 10 messages for 2010 — Forest ecosystems

    Key messages Forests cover a large part of Europe but the distribution of such ecosystems varies significantly across the continent. They fulfil multiple functions for society, providing economic, social and environmental benefits, including serving as a key reservoir of biodiversity. Old growth natural and semi-natural forests are the most valuable forest type in terms ...

  • The economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

    1. Introduction The “nexus” among water, food and energy has been recognised as one of the most fundamental relationships and challenges for society. Biodiversity and particularly wetland ecosystems are increasingly understood to be at the core of this nexus. Indeed water and wetlands are the foundation for the social, economic and environmental wellbeing of humanity across ...


    By Wetlands International

  • 10 messages for 2010 — Freshwater ecosystems

    Key messages Freshwater ecosystems in Europe are rich in biodiversity but at risk. They provide essential ecosystem services to humans, such as cleaning water, preventing floods, producing food, providing energy and regulating freshwater resources. Numerous pressures affect European freshwater ecosystems. Biodiversity has suffered from pollution and degraded water ...

  • How Much Are Ecosystems Really Worth?

    How do people, governments, and corporations “value” ecosystems? And how can you put a price on the vast array of social, economic, and environmental benefits that ecosystems provide? These are just two of the questions experts sought to address at “The Future of Revaluing Ecosystems,” an event WRI recently convened in ...

  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

    The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) is an international initiative to draw attention to the benefits of biodiversity. It focuses on the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services, the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and the benefits of action addressing these pressures. The TEEB initiative has brought together over five hundred authors and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • The best way to restore environments in the face of climate change

    Florida’s Kissimmee River once flowed freely. Fish, birds and other wildlife dwelled in the wetlands it fed. But in the 1960s, spurred by public outrage over flooding, the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers straightened the winding waterway and turned it into a drainage canal. Flip forward a few decades and the river is returning — at least in part. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers has ...


    By Ensia

  • The Great Lakes, an Ecosystem Rehabilitated, But Still Under Threat

    Since 1972, the Parties (United States and Canada, 1987) to the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement have been working collaboratively to achieve the purpose of the Agreement “to restore and maintain the chemical, physical and biological integrity of the waters of the Great Lakes Basin Ecosystem”. Billions of dollars and countless person – hours have been expended towards this end, but have the ...


    By Springer

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