ecosystem science Articles

  • Canada`s Ecosystem Initiatives

    Canada’s Ecosystem Initiatives are aimed at creating a healthy environment and healthy communities through multi-partnerships, focusing on science, sharing in-formation and experiences, pooling resources, and ecological priorities. The com-mon goals of all ecosystem initiatives are to improve air quality, water quality and to protect important habitats and species through partnerships between ...


    By Springer

  • Policy Characterization of Ecosystem management

    This paper provides a comparison of ecosystem management (EM) to the traditional regulatory management approach and outlines the characteristics of EM from a policy perspective, defining the conditions under which this management tool can be successfully implemented. Ecosystem management is a collaborative and integrative tool focused on balancing societal needs, economic growth, and ...


    By Springer

  • The industrial ecosystem balanced scorecard

    The Balanced Scorecard (BSC) is among the central concepts in strategic management. The four Industrial Ecosystem Principles (IEPs) are among the central theoretical constructs in industrial ecology. This theoretical contribution applies the BSC approach to IEPs to construct an Industrial Ecosystem Balanced Scorecard (IEBSC). BSC breaks the strategy of the organisation down to four interdependent ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Collaborative Science, Policy Development and Program Implementation in the Transboundary Georgia Basin/Puget Sound Ecosystem

    The transboundary Georgia Basin Puget Sound ecosystem is situated in the southwest corner of British Columbia and northwest comer of Washington State. While bountiful and beautiful, this international region is facing significant threats to its marine and freshwater resources, air quality, habitats and species. These environmental challenges are compounded by rapid population growth and attendant ...


    By Springer

  • Industrial ecosystems: an evolutionary classification scheme

    Although typologies and characteristics of industrial ecosystems, symbioses, and eco-industrial parks and networks have been proposed in the literature, there is as yet no consensual acceptance of a benchmark and/or classification scheme. Problems arise not only with consensus surrounding concepts and theories, but in design and implementation. Does 'one size fit all' or do we need to account for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Toward a Standard Lexicon for Ecosystem Services

    The complex, widely dispersed, and cumulative environmental challenges currently facing society require holistic, transdisciplinary approaches to resolve. The concept of ecosystem services (ES) has become more widely accepted as a framework that fosters a broader systems perspective of sustainability, and can make science more responsive to the needs of decision makers and the public. ...


    By John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  • The Ecosystem Approach To Marine Planning and Management

    Keywords: ecosystem management, marine spatial planning, Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009, marine protected areas (MPAs) Provisions for marine planning form a key component of the Marine and Coastal Access Act 2009 and the planning process has already commenced in some parts of the country. A book on The Ecosystem Approach to Marine Planning and Management is therefore timely. The ...


  • The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity for Water and Wetlands

    The Economics of Ecosystems and Biodiversity (TEEB) is an international initiative to draw attention to the benefits of biodiversity. It focuses on the values of biodiversity and ecosystem services, the growing costs of biodiversity loss and ecosystem degradation, and the benefits of action addressing these pressures. The TEEB initiative has brought together over five hundred authors and ...


    By Wetlands International

  • Sustainability science: an ecohealth perspective

    Sustainability science is emerging as a transdisciplinary effort to come to grips with the much-needed symbiosis between human activity and the environment. While there is recognition that conventional economic growth must yield to policies that foster sustainable development, this has not yet occurred on any broad scale. Rather, there is clear evidence that the Earth’s ecosystems and landscapes ...


    By Springer

  • The dangers of separating science and environment

    We need to figure out a better way to communicate science that balances technology and nature. Does the natural world have any relevance to modern science? Of course it does; but sometimes it seems like that’s not the case. This is a myth perpetuated directly and indirectly through media, policy decisions, academic disciplines, even some science engagement initiatives: ...


    By Ensia

  • Science and development highlights of 2012

    The year was marked by one of the most anticipated global environmental meetings in 20 years: the UN Conference on Sustainable Development (Rio+20), held in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. The summit was a ...


    By SciDev.Net

  • Northern Rivers Ecosystem Initiative: Context and Prevailing Legacy

    The Northern River Ecosystem Initiative (NREI), 1997–2004, has provided new scientific knowledge in response to specific recommendations from its predecessor, the Northern River Basins Study (NRBS), 1990–1996. The two initiatives together provide a remarkable body of science which is, and will continue to be, used by resource managers responsible for economic and environmental sustainability in ...


    By Springer

  • Challenges in the use of science for sustainable development

    This paper summarises some of the challenges to science that are posed by the search for sustainability. These challenges are not only technical ones, such as more affordable or reliable equipment for health care, water quality control and refrigeration. There are also fundamental empirical and methodological challenges, such as complexity, irreversibility and uncertainty over the long term, that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Understanding and Managing the Effects of Climate Change on Aquatic Ecosystems

    There is mounting evidence that climate-changeinduced extreme events are expected to adversely affect the aquatic ecosystems and ecosystem services that they provide. To address this need to understand how climate, aquatic ecological, and social systems interact and how to manage these coupled systems, LimnoTech is participating with a large team of researchers (from Stanford University, the ...


    By LimnoTech Inc.

  • Biogeochemical response of a northeastern forest ecosystem to biosolids amendments

    Received for publication September 22, 2007. In the northeastern United States interest in the use of biosolids on forest lands is growing due to the prevalence of extensive forests and market incentives for waste disposal, yet much of the regulatory framework for biosolids land application is based on agronomic practice. This study evaluated the response of soils in a young (~20 yr old) ...

  • Bringing ecosystem markets to scale in the Southern United States

    For the most part, Ecosystem Markets still linger in the early stages of development. There is much more theoretical work to be done to set up environmental credit markets, including carbon offsets and payments for watershed services. But more pilot projects can also help these markets evolve and show how they might work in the real world. Development pressures in the U.S. South often mean ...

  • Making Economic Valuation Count for Coastal Ecosystems in the Caribbean

    People and economies across the Caribbean are dependent on coastal ecosystems—including coral reefs, mangroves, and beaches. These ecosystems provide critical habitat to commercial fisheries, attract tourists from around the world, and protect coastal communities and infrastructure from the ravages of tropical storms. But despite their importance, these ecosystems are ...

  • Marine Birds as Indicators of Arctic Marine Ecosystem Health: Linking the Northern Ecosystem Initiative to Long-Term Studies

    Marine birds are sensitive indicators of the condition of marine ecosystems in the Arctic, partly because they feed at the top of the arctic food chain. The Northern Ecosystem Initiative (NEI) recently supported four separate studies that investigated aspects of Arctic marine bird science which simultaneously addressed goals of the NEI to better understand northern ecosystems and their response ...


    By Springer

  • Climate science: Major new discoveries

    This annual WRI review highlights the latest major research and innovations in climate change science and technology. It presents a timely synthesis of current understanding of global warming at a critically important time for the United States and the world. The international community is negotiating a new global agreement to reduce emissions of greenhouse gases for the period post-2012, while ...

  • Preliminary review of adaptation options for climate-sensitive ecosystems and resources

    The US Government’s Climate Change Science Program (CCSP) is responsible for providing the best science-based knowledge possible to inform management of the risks and opportunities associated with changes in the climate and related environmental systems. To support its mission, the CCSP has commissioned 21 “synthesis and assessment products” (SAPs) to advance decision-making on climate ...

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