effluent flow Articles

  • Effluent

    Effluent is an outflowing of water or gas from a natural body of water, or from a human-made structure. Effluent is defined by the United States Environmental Protection Agency as “wastewater - treated or untreated - that flows out of a treatment plant, sewer, or ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Wastewater and groundwater

    Nearly 25 percent of the population in the United States—in more than 25 million homes—disposes of wastewater through onsite, or unsewered, systems that return treated effluent to the ground. This is an important public health issue because many of those same homes use wells that rely on groundwater for the drinking water supply. With ...

  • Control Algae and Improve the Water Quality in Waste Stabilization Ponds

    Due to population growth, accelerated urbanisation and economic development, the quantity of waste water generated is increasing globally. Mainly in low-income areas, a large proportion of the waste water is discharged directly in the environment. When the waste water is treated, the treatment plants may not remove certain pollutants that can have a negative impact on the people and ecosystem. ...


    By LG Sonic

  • Humification of effluent organic matters through a surface-flow constructed wetland

    Dominant fractions of wastewater effluent organic matter (EfOM) were changed from polysaccharides (PS) to polyhydroxyaromatics (PHA), throughout the constructed treatment wetland connected to a wastewater treatment plant, as measured using pyrolysis gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (Py-GC/MS). The changes in the fractions were also identified, with respect to molecular weight (MW) ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of petrochemical secondary effluent by an up-flow biological aerated filter (BAF)

    In this study, petrochemical secondary effluent was treated by a 55 cm diameter pilot-scale biological aerated filter (BAF) with a media depth of 220 cm. Volcanic rock grains were filled as the BAF media. Median removal efficiency of chemical oxygen demand (COD) and ammonia nitrogen (NH3-N) was 29.35 and 57.98%, respectively. Moreover, the removal profile of the COD, NH3-N, total ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Enhancement of denitrification in a down-flow hanging sponge reactor by effluent recirculation

    A down-flow hanging sponge reactor, constructed by connecting three identical units in series, was applied to the treatment of artificial wastewater containing phenol and ammonia under high salinity conditions (10.9 g-Cl−/L). The theoretical hydraulic retention time (HRT) of each unit was 4 h (total HRT = 12 h). To enhance denitrification by effluent recirculation, the effluent ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • BCTMP Mill effluent treatment plant

    Location: Slave Lake, Alberta Owner: Slave Lake Pulp Corporation Description: A greenfield 130,000 ADMT BCTMP mill using Aspen as wood furnish. The high strength effluent, with a BOD5 strength of up to 6,000 mg/L (35 t/d) and flow of 6,300 m3/d, is treated by a five day extended aeration activated sludge process. This represented the first ...


    By NovaTec Consultants Inc.

  • Chlorine Disinfection of Blended Wastewater Effluents

     KeywordsBlended Wastewater, Disinfection IntroductionFlow to publicly owned treatment works (POTWs) increases during wet weather events, due to intrusion of storm water into sanitary collection systems and use of combined sewer systems. When such flows exceed the hydraulic capacity of a POTW alternate flow management techniques must be employed to ensure that ...

  • Comparison of PPCPs removal on a parallel-operated MBR and AS system and evaluation of effluent post-treatment on vertical flow reed beds

    The presence in the aquatic environment of xenobiotics such as Pharmaceutical and Personal Care Products (PPCPs) has emerged as an issue of concern. Upgrading sewage treatment quality with modern technologies such as Membrane Bioreactors (MBRs) and/or implementing a further post-treatment might mitigate the release of xenobiotics into surface waters. The performance of two processes treating ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Bacterial community involved in the nitrogen cycle in a down-flow sponge-based trickling filter treating UASB effluent

    The bacterial community composition of a down-flow sponge-based trickling filter treating upflow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB) effluent was investigated by pyrosequencing. Bacterial community composition considerably changed along the reactor and over the operational period. The dominant phyla detected were Proteobacteria, Verrucomicrobia, and ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Design-support and performance estimation using HYDRUS/CW2D: a horizontal flow constructed wetland for polishing SBR effluent

    The 4,000 PE (700 m3/d) wastewater treatment plant at Balf, Hungary was based on sequencing batch reactor technology with phosphorus precipitation as the tertiary step. Its effluent met quality thresholds on average, with above-threshold peaks mainly in winter. The HYDRUS/CW2D model package (PC Progress s.r.o.) was used to simulate the treatment performance of a horizontal flow constructed ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Evaluating performance of vertical flow constructed wetland under various hydraulic loading rates in effluent polishing

    The discharge of untreated wastewater or partially treated effluent and runoff from agricultural fields into water bodies is a major source of surface water pollution worldwide. To mitigate this problem, wastewater treatment using wastewater stabilization ponds and constructed wetlands have been promoted. The performance of such wastewater treatment systems is strongly dependent on their ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Asian dairy churns out grade AA effluent

    ' The AIRE-O2® aerators have excellent oxygen transfer, easy maintenance and operation.' Problem Founded in 1937, this dairy cooperative located in Asia has played a leading role in the development of the industry in its country. Its mission is to 'supply quality products for safe-guarding the nation’s health' in all its product line. The same attention to quality standards that drives ...

  • Upgrading effluent quality with a plastic media based process

    Wastewater treatment plant retrofits worldwide are motivated by two main developments: changes in effluent quality regulations, population growth in certain areas. In recent years, the EU (under directive EEC/271/91) and US (Section 304A of the Clean Water Act) have launched programs for nutrient removal in all ...

  • Effluent management flexibility through nutrient removal

    ABSTRACT The City of Carson City (City) Wastewater Reclamation Plant (WRP) is facing several effluent management challenges, which include increased effluent nitrogen concentrations, seepage from its reclaimed water storage reservoir, and increased influent flow due to growth. The City desires an economical solution that will allow it to continue its 100 percent reuse program as well as ...

  • Pilot-scale studies on the treatment of tannery effluents by electroflotation

    A pilot-scale electroflotation system with a treatment capacity of 0.8 m³ per hour has been designed and built. The system is equipped with a conditioning tank, a rectifier, flow meters, an energy meter and pumps. Iron, aluminium and titanium coated with oxides of tantalum, ruthenium and iridium were used as electrodes. The system was installed within the premises of the Common Effluent Treatment ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Study of constructed wetlands effluent disinfected with ozone

    The purpose of this research was to study the disinfection of sanitary effluent from constructed wetlands, evaluating the oxidation of organic matter, the formation of formaldehyde, as well as the efficiency of total coliforms and Escherichia coli inactivation. A constant flow of ozone was applied to the batch system in 5 and 10 mg.O3 L−1 doses with contact times ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Treatment of Water-Wash Paintbooth Effluents in the Automotive Industry

    During the coating process of car bodies in water-wash spray booth, around 40% of the sprayed paint does not reach the support; these paint particles sprayed into the air are called “overspray”. By using a dawn-draft positive air pressure coming from the ceiling of the cabin, the polluted air is forced vertically downward toward a grating on the floor under which a constant stream of water is ...

  • Canadian mill achieves zero effluent discharge

    The zero effluent goal required the highest quality aerators Problem When designing its new mill and wastewater treatment system in 1992, this Canadian Company had planned to discharge into a nearby creek. But, sensitive to the region’s pristine environment, they decided to design the most advanced effluent treatment system conceivable: a chlorine-free, closed loop, zero effluent ...

  • An innovative design for an effluent treatment plant case study

    A well-known cereal manufacturer has a production plant that produces coated cereals. The production process results in a high level of COD being discharged to the waste stream. For both environmental and economic reasons they needed to reduce the strength of this effluent. Cleveland Biotech Ltd were asked to advise on possible solutions to this effluent problem. A meeting took place in February ...


    By Cleveland Biotech Ltd.

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