electrical conductivity monitoring Articles

  • Electrical conductivity as a state indicator for the start-up period of anaerobic fixed-bed reactors

    The aim of this work was to analyse the applicability of electrical conductivity sensors for on-line monitoring the start-up period of an anaerobic fixed-bed reactor. The evolution of bicarbonate concentration and methane production rate was analysed. Strong linear relationships between electrical conductivity and both bicarbonate concentration and methane production rate were observed. ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Impact of the As Samra wastewater treatment plant upgrade on the water quality (COD, electrical conductivity, TP, TN) of the Zarqa River

    The impact of the As Samra wastewater treatment plant upgrade on the quality of the Zarqa River (ZR) water was investigated. Time series data that extend from October 2005 until December 2009 obtained by a state-of-the-art telemetric monitoring system were analyzed at two monitoring stations located 4 to 5 km downstream of the As Samra effluent confluence with the Zarqa River and about 25 km ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • Conducting The Phase I Assessment - Records Review

     This is the second in a series of five articles relating to conducting Phase I Environmental Site assessments. Each article attempts to give the reader a thorough understanding of a specific aspect of the Phase I process and Clayton’s commitment to meeting or exceeding the requirements of ASTM Standard E 1527 Standard Practice for Environmental Site Assessments: Phase I Environmental Site ...


  • Asbestos monitoring – what monitor should I be using?

    Asbestos is the name given to a group of minerals that occur naturally as masses of strong, flexible fibres that can be separated into thin threads and woven. These fibres are not affected by heat and do not conduct electricity. Asbestos is chemically, relatively stable. For these reasons, asbestos has been widely used in many industries.  These four types are classified as follows:  ...


    By Shawcity Limited

  • Radiation Monitors and Meters

    Light Description and Applications The light meter is a portable unit designed to measure visible, UV, and near-UV light in the workplace. (The CTC has a UV light meter available through its loan program, ALEP.) The light meter is capable of reading any optical unit of energy or power level if the appropriate detector has been calibrated with the meter. The spectral range of the instrument is ...

  • LNAPL remediation using electrical resistance heating

    Abstract An Electrical Resistance Heating (ERH) pilot test was conducted in the fall of 1998 to determine the effectiveness of using ERH in combination with soil vapor extraction (SVE) for the remediation of benzene and light nonaqueous-phase liquids (LNAPL) at an island location on a river in the Midwest. Hydrocarbon-stained soils were discovered on an island in Ohio in May 1993 during the ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Is it better to burn or bury waste for clean electricity generation?

    The use of municipal solid waste (MSW) to generate electricity through landfill-gas-to-energy (LFGTE) and waste-to-energy (WTE)projectsrepresentsroughly14%ofU.S.nonhydrorenewable electricity generation. Although various aspects of LFGTE and WTE have been analyzed in the literature, this paper is the first to present a comprehensive set of life-cycle emission factors per unit of electricity ...


    By Novo Energy, LLC

  • Monitoring pH and ORP in a SHARON reactor

    This paper analyses the valuable information provided by the on-line measurements of pH and oxidation reduction potential (ORP) in a continuous single high ammonia removal over nitrite (SHARON) reactor. A laboratory-scale SHARON reactor equipped with pH, ORP, electric conductivity and dissolved oxygen (DO) probes has been operated for more than one year. Nitrogen removal over nitrite has been ...


    By IWA Publishing

  • First State-funded cleanup using electrical resistivity heating technology

    The Remediation and Redevelopment Division (RRD) completed remediation at a former dry cleaning facility in the city of Owosso using electrical resistivity heating (ERH) technology. Electrical resistivity heating is an in­situ electrical heating technology that uses electricity and applies it into the ground through electrodes. The resistance of the electricity traveling through the ground ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • In situ Remediation of 1,4-Dioxane using Electrical Resistance Heating

    An increasing number of states are establishing enforceable 1,4-dioxane cleanup goals due to recent improvements in analytical detection methods and existing carcinogenic risk information for 1,4-dioxane. Historically, 1,4-dioxane was used as a stabilizer for chlorinated solvents, primarily 1,1,1-trichloroethane. In addition, 1,4-dioxane has been used in a broad range of products including but ...


    By TRS Group, Inc.

  • Water Quality Monitoring for the “Big Four Parameters”

    Many different parameters can be measured in natural and artificial waters with sensors or via lab analysis. Each parameter effects water quality and the organisms that depend on the water for survival. Different states, monitoring agencies, and companies also place an emphasis on different water quality parameters to be monitored, depending on local conditions and mandates. For most water ...

  • Tunnelling in Chalk: Groundwater monitoring and risk assessment

    Morgan Est is constructing a tunnel to carry high voltage electricity cables between two electrical substations.  The tunnel will mostly be excavated in Chalk, with some excavation occurring in the Thanet Sands. ESI was appointed as Morgan Est’s environmental consultant for the project and has managed liaison between Morgan Est, regulators and other stakeholders over the last four ...


    By ESI Consulting

  • Final effluent monitors protect wastewater treatment efficiency

    Southern Water operates 370 wastewater treatment plants (WWTP), many of which are unmanned for most of the time and most have numeric environmental permits, so a network of online monitors has been established to improve treatment and protect discharge compliance. This has involved the installation of final effluent monitors at over 300 sites in a programme that has lasted for more than ten ...


  • Market power monitoring under open access system

    In this paper, an engineering procedure is proposed for complete market power monitoring under open access system. Market power monitoring of any given system or network is done by using market power assessment and market power indices. For any given network, market power assessment is to identify which generation company (GENCO) raised their prices when the demand in the concerned area is ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Continuous, Centralized Monitoring Drives O&M Optimization

    In a survey conducted by Wind Energy Update this year, 80% of wind turbine owners indicated they take either a predictive or preventative approach to maintenance. Furthermore, 77% indicated that they deploy Condition Monitoring Systems (CMS). “If you can leverage data to increase plant performance by even 1%, you are looking at significant impacts to your revenue”, EDF’s ...

  • Reliable silica monitoring supports power station efficiency

    West Burton B CCGT is a Combined Cycle Gas Turbine power station near Nottingham in the UK. It has three open-cycle gas turbines capable of generating enough electricity for approximately 1.5 million UK homes. In common with all combustion based power stations, the CCGT has a requirement to monitor silica levels in the Plant’s water and steam processes. Sean Todd, the Plant’s Control ...

  • Designing and Implementing Perimeter Air Monitoring Programs

    Perimeter or fenceline ambient air quality and meteorological monitoring programs have become increasingly valuable at hazardous waste, landfill, dredging, ports, and MGP remediation sites. Air quality monitoring programs protect public health and reduce owner liability ...


    By AECOM

  • Wastewater Treatment Plant Monitors Greenhouse Gas Emissions

    Globally, little attention is paid to gaseous emissions from wastewater treatment processes. This contrasts greatly with the regulatory monitoring that is applied to the quality of water emissions from such facilities. However, in Helsinki, Finland, a large municipal wastewater treatment facility continuously monitors its emissions of greenhouse gases (GHGs) to help in the city’s efforts to ...


    By Gasmet Technologies Oy

  • Enhanced In Situ Biodegradation of PCE Following Electrical Resistance Heating at a DNAPL Source Area

    Area of Concern (AOC) 607 is a former dry cleaner at the Charleston Naval Complex (CNC). During the RCRA field investigation (RFI), soil and groundwater were found to be impacted by tetrachloroethene (PCE). PCE concentrations in groundwater as high as 42,000 mircograms per liter (μg/L) were detected. During a nine-month period, an area defined by monitoring wells with PCE concentrations ...


    By CH2M Hill Companies, Ltd.

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