electrokinetic remediation Articles

  • Electrokinetic Separation

    Introduction The principle of electrokinetic remediation relies upon application of a low-intensity direct current through the soil between ceramic electrodes that are divided into a cathode array and an anode array. This mobilizes charged species, causing ions and water to move toward the electrodes. Metal ions, ammonium ions, and positively charged organic compounds move toward the cathode. ...

  • Electrokinetics - Technology Overview

    Electrokinetics separates and extracts contaminants from saturated or unsaturated soils, sludges and sediments, and groundwater. The goal of electrokinetic remediation is to effect the migration of subsurface contaminants in an imposed electric field via electroosmosis, electromigration and/or electrophoresis. These phenomena occur when the soil is electrically charged with a low voltage current. ...

  • Electrokinetic remediation study for cadmium contaminated soil

    Cadmium is a non-essential heavy metal pollutant of the environment resulting from various agricultural, mining and industrial activities and also from the exhaust gases of automobiles (Foy et al., 1978). Due to its high toxicity and greater solubility in water and its wide distributions in aquatic ecosystem, it has been considered as extremely significant pollutant (Lockwood, 1976). Great ...


    By University of Tehran

  • In Situ Remediation Technology Status Report: Electrokinetics

    The purpose of this document is to describe recent field demonstrations, commercial applications, and research on electrokinetics for either treatment of soil and ground water in situ or to increase the solubility and mobility of contaminants to improve their removal by pump-and-treat remediation. It is hoped that this information will allow more regular consideration of new, less costly, and ...

  • Sulphate reducing bacteria to precipitate mercury after electrokinetic soil remediation

    Combined treatment with electroremediation and sulphate reducing bacteria (SRB) was tested in laboratory and pilot scale. The contaminated soil came from a chlor-alkali factory and contained about 100 mg/kg Hg. Iodide/iodine complexing agent was used to mobilize mercury. Mercury iodide complexes were moved to the anode solution using an electric field. The anode solution was then mixed with ...

  • Electrokinetic delivery of permanganate into low-permeability soils

    A bench-scale study was conducted to investigate the feasibility of using electrokinetics as a method of delivering an oxidant into kaolin, a low-permeability soil. Potassium permanganate (KMnO4) was chosen as the oxidant, and in separate tests, KMnO4 was introduced at the anode, the cathode and both electrodes to investigate (1) the extent of oxidant transport via ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • In Situ Remediation Technology Status Report: Co-Solvents

    ABSTRACT The purpose of this document is to describe recent field demonstrations, commercial applications, and research on technologies that either treat soil and ground water in place or increase the solubility and mobility of contaminants to improve their removal by pump-and-treat remediation. It is hoped that this information will allow more regular consideration of new, less costly, and more ...

  • Common Treatment Train for Inorganics

    A treatment train is the combination of different treatment technologies. A system diagram of a common treatment train for inorganics is illustrated below. Metal contaminated soil is treated using the combination of electrokinetics and phytoremediation. Electrokinetics is used to remove metals from deep soil and ground water. A low density direct current is applied to mobilize charged species, ...

  • Metals Stabilization Using Geochemical Fixation

    Introduction To Chemical Fixation There are several approaches to treatment of chromium and other toxic metals such as lead arsenic, and cadmium in soil and groundwater, including isolation, immobilization, toxicity reduction, physical separation, and extraction (U.S. EPA. 2002). Brief Overview Of Metals Remediation Methods: Conventional ...


    By Graus Chemicals, LLC

  • A New Apparatus for the Evaluation of Electro-Kinetic Processes in Hazardous Waste Management

    Possible uses of electro-kinetics for hazardous waste site remediation are being investigated. This paper describes a new apparatus which has been specifically designed, fabricated, and assembled to evaluate the viability, feasibility, practicality, and potential costs of these conceivable techniques experimentally. Results of studies on the existence of electro-osmotic flow in compacted clay and ...


    By ASTM International

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