elemental trace level Articles

  • Transducers – “A lifetime of quality”

    At Brüel & Kjær, transducers are a core part of our business. They have been for more than50 years – almost a lifetime! The quality of our transducers is world-renowned. It is the result of our unique experience and knowledge, backed up by meticulous testing and quality control. Experience, Knowledge and Innovation Our experience and knowledge, acquired over ...

  • Properties and Behavior of Inorganics in Contaminated Soil

    Often, specific technologies may be ruled out, or the list of potential technologies may be immediately narrowed, on the basis of the presence or absence of one or more of the chemical groups. The relative amounts of each may tend to favor certain technologies. Metals may be found in the elemental form, but more often they are found as salts mixed in the soil. At the present time, treatment ...

  • Lead and Zinc Smelting Industry - Pollution Prevention Guidelines

    Introduction Pollution Prevention Guidelines to provide technical advice and guidance to staff and consultants involved in pollution-related projects. The guidelines represent state-of-the-art thinking on how to reduce pollution emissions from the production process. In many cases, the guidelines provide numerical targets for reducing pollution, as well as maximum ...


    By The World Bank

  • Crossflow Membrane Filtration High-Purity Water Systems

    INTRODUCTION As the electronics industry continues to provide us with such products as high resolution television, notebook size portable computers and cars with automatic navigation systems, it becomes necessary to produce semiconductors with finer device geometries to allow for efficient placement of more circuits per a given area. This requires increased control of a semiconductor's material ...

  • Ionising Radiation

    Introduction The energy level of some types of radiation is high enough so that when they interact with matter they cause the formation of electrically charged particles or ion-pairs and break molecular bonds. These so-called ionising radiations are by their nature potentially harmful to life; at high doses they can be lethal and at lower doses can cause genetic damage. Ionising radiation occurs ...

  • Management of Hazardous Wastes

    ' Management of hazardous waste is a growing concern in many countries. The long-term impacts and costs of improper disposal can be very high and the emphasis must be on prevention. A comprehensive management system should include (i) policies, institutions and effective regulations and (ii) adequate and acceptable disposal facilities (either public or private). This note outlines the key ...


    By The World Bank

  • Water Sustainability

    I7.1  | Water Optimization – 30% Groundwater Use Reduction Tabatha Pellerin, Senior Program Manager, AECOM AECOM assisted the Entergy Lewis Creek gas/coal fired electric power plant with water conservation efforts prompted by a goal of 30% ...

  • Low-Flow (Minimal Drawdown) Ground-Water Sampling Procedures

    Untitled Document Background The Regional Superfund Ground Water Forum is a group of ground-water ...


    By Solinst Canada Ltd.

  • Types of bioremediation and their modes of action

    An Urgent Call for Change in U.S. Oil Spill Response With Bioremediation Agent Type EA* bearing out as a workable first response alternative to the use of chemical dispersants, contrasting evidence has become even clearer that dispersant use has been a huge failure. Dispersants have proven to be an inadequate response method with more and more studies showing an ...

  • Flood modeling and mitigation measures in an Urban Environment –Victoria, Australia - Case Study

    Abstract Accurate prediction of flood extents in urban catchments is extremely difficult without having a 1d/2d integrated modeling approach. The integrated flood modeling is becoming popular and a new benchmark for urban flood risk management studies. City of Glen Eira in Victoria, Australia is a developed metropolitan municipality. The council is responsible for the management ...


    By XP Solutions

  • Better air quality in Norway

    The air over Norway has become better and cleaner past the last ten years, shows a report that The Norwegian Institute for Air Quality (NILU) has worked out for The Norwegian Pollution Control Authority (SFT). The concentration of persistent pollutants and metals in air and precipitation from other countries has been reduced. There is also less acid rain over Norway than ...

  • Overview of Rotating Disc Electrode (RDE) Optical Emission Spectroscopy for In-Service Oil Analysis

    Introduction The basis of modern oil analysis is the use of optical emission spectroscopy (OES) to measure the ppm (parts per million) levels of wear metals, contaminants and additives in oil samples. Whatever else an oil lab may measure, a multi-elemental analysis is the core of in-service oil analysis. This paper gives an overview of Rotating Disc Electrode Elemental Spectroscopy and its ...


    By Spectro Scientific

  • Why high temperature combustion of landfill gas?

    Due to the accumulation of knowledge and the tightening of environmental law, the landfill technology has increasingly become concerned with the management of trace compounds in landfill gas. With landfill gas, contamination is through sulphur, chlorine, fluorine, halogenated hydrocarbons and heavy metals. Other trace elements such as volatile organic compounds (VOC), impose environmental ...


    By Hofstetter BV

  • Environmental policy issues related to atmospheric change

    Four main environmental issues are linked to the chemical changes in the atmosphere: air quality, deposition, climate change, UV radiation and stratospheric ...

  • The design and installation of the gas collection system

    The designer of gas collection plants has the task to fulfill optimally the important criteria: stability of gas quality efficiency of collection economic viability of the plant The stabilisation of the gas quality helps to solve the problem between the uneven gas production of the landfill on the one side and ...


    By Hofstetter BV

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