emergency management Articles

  • Emergency management and ethics

    Though ethics underlie emergency management in important ways, they have received insufficient attention in the mainstream academic and professional literature. This has led to the problem of people being insufficiently addressed as beings of moral worth in disasters, in spite of the overall claim that the responses are for their benefit. In the emergency field they can instead be treated as ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Translating emergency management concepts into reality: where the rubber meets the road

    In this article the author, an experienced emergency management practitioner, presents the difference between the perception of the researcher and that of the practitioner in ten stumbling blocks that most emergency managers in the field will agree they have encountered at least once if not regularly. This point of view tries to demonstrate some of the reasons why existing research is not ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Mapping an emergency management network

    We present a web-based method for mapping various relations between agents that have been involved in an emergency response operation. The method is based on combining a web-questionnaire with telephone interviews and it provides an efficient way of collecting large amount of information concerning the agents. By using the resulting network of agents, it is possible to perform various network ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Knowledge management systems for emergency management: a situational approach

    Research on the role and relevance of knowledge management systems in support of emergency management continues to grow. Knowledge management (KM) literature aptly suggests that KM systems have the ability to support emergency management. Well–designed and implemented KM systems offer more accurate information/knowledge representation relevant to communication and coordination efforts required ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Decision support in nuclear and radiological emergency situations: Are we too focused on models and technology?

    The last 20 years has seen enormous advances in mathematical modelling and computing techniques. In the aftermath of the Chernobyl Accident, many of these have been incorporated in Decision Support Systems (DSS) to aid nuclear emergency management. This paper reviews what has been achieved; but it also reflects on how the tools fit into emergency management processes and discusses whether too ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency management and decision making on accident scenes: taxonomy, models and future research

    An effective emergency management is often connected with the goals achieved in the response activities. However, it is not clear as to which subsequent factors contribute to whether the emergency management should be regarded as a success or not. One factor, the on-scene commanding structure, and the on-scene commander in particular, plays an important role in fighting emerging crises. Dynamic ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A case study of information and communication technology in emergency management training

    This paper addresses the roles of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) in training for effective emergency management and inter-organisational coordination. Collocation can encourage the development of common ground and trust and, in turn, result in greater efficiency and effectiveness. We expect to find communication and artefact use during collocated training that cannot readily ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • E-emergency management in the USA: a preliminary survey of the operational state of the art

    In a world of e-commerce and a growing range of governmental services offered on the internet, what is the state of electronic emergency management in the USA? Interest in the use of computers to perform emergency management functions at the state and local level emerged in the 1980s. Today, survey data indicates widespread use of the internet for communications, a moderate level of data ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The need for digital educational resources in emergency management

    The internet offers potentially great benefits to the emergency management community as a medium that can provide quality information resources 24 hours a day/seven days a week (24/7). Concern is growing that the emergency management field will have a glut of information but a dearth of knowledge. Systematic efforts to select, digitise, and effectively present basic information and guidance are ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An online social network for emergency management

    Online Social Networking Sites (SNSs) are becoming extremely popular and can be employed in a variety of contexts. They permit the establishment of global relationships that are domain related or can be based on some need shared by the participants. Emergency domain-related websites, each with their own stated mission, are becoming widespread. Can a social network offer a solution to bringing ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Training for improvisation in emergency management: opportunities and limits for information technology

    Skill in improvising enables emergency management personnel to make creative decisions under time constraint, even when risks are high. It therefore complements skill in plan-following, which is particularly appropriate when the current emergency is similar to a past one. This paper develops recommendations on how to use Information Technology (IT) in the design of training programmes for ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The use of emergency operations centres in local government emergency management

    This paper presents exploratory research into how local government emergency operations centres (EOCs) are used during emergency management preparedness activities, through a questionnaire survey of 48 organisations from New Zealand, Canada, and USA. Analysis was framed by defining effective emergency management as a person–environment fit process in which both person (competence, response ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Towards intelligent decision support systems for emergency managers: the IDA approach

    The paper presents ENEA's next step towards the development of Intelligent Decision Support Systems (IDSS) for large-scale industrial and territorial emergencies. The prototype IDA (Intelligent Decision Advisor) for emergency management in an oil port is analysed as a test case. The work was performed under the national R&D MICA project and specifically ENEA's long-term strategic MINDES Program ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Multi-criteria decision support and stakeholder involvement in emergency management

    Decision-making in emergency management involves many parties with different views, responsibilities and interests for which a consensus must be found. Multi-Criteria Decision Analysis (MCDA) can help to ensure transparency in such decision processes. This paper describes the application of MCDA in nuclear emergency and remediation management and the experiences gained from conducting moderated ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • The FRANZ agreement: France's complex involvement in South Pacific regional cooperation on emergency management

    In 1992, France, Australia and New Zealand decided to coordinate their emergency management efforts in the South Pacific through the FRANZ agreement to optimise their humanitarian assistance during disasters. The South Pacific is a complex area that requires regional cooperation. The FRANZ agreement provides a suitable framework for considering the political, economic and social difficulties that ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An analysis of emergency map symbology

    The lack of standardised symbology on emergency maps hinders information sharing during crucial emergency situations by emergency managers and people responding to disasters. The development of a standard symbology for emergency and hazard maps will strengthen coordination and communication between planners and will enhance the ability of emergency managers to better understand information at a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • State emergency plans: assessing the inclusiveness of vulnerable populations

    The US federal government's involvement in emergency management has evolved in magnitude since the 1800s. Each significant change usually occurred following a catastrophic event. The USA had two large-scale emergencies in 2001 and 2005 – man-made (September 11 terrorist attacks in 2001) and natural (Hurricane Katrina in 2005) – that shaped a new policy regarding emergency management. These ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Judgment and decision making under stress: an overview for emergency managers

    This paper discusses human judgment and decision making under stress. The authors review selected recent literature across various disciplines and suggest a definition of stress within the context of decision making during the management of emergencies. They also discuss fieldwork by the Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, NIOSH, which explores traumatic incident stress, the relationship between ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Measuring the effectiveness of emergency management teams: scale development and validation

    This paper is about the development and validity testing of a context–sensitive measure of the effectiveness of multidisciplinary emergency management teams that coordinate the multidisciplinary assistance on an incident scene. The scale can assist in future research, and serve as an instrument to evaluate team effectiveness during not only actual incidents but also emergency management exercises ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview of developing tribal emergency management in the USA

    As sovereign governments, American Indian and Alaska Native tribes are responsible for providing prevention, protection, response, and recovery for their members within the evolving Emergency Management (EM) environment in the USA. The current structure for the emergency response system in the USA does not fully embrace tribal sovereignty to allow tribes to maintain their government to government ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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