emergency response Articles

  • Risk factors in emergency response: a review of investigations of emergency response in Norway

    We present a systematic review of investigations of some large incidents in Norway from 1999 to 2008. The purpose of the review is to identify factors that affect the risk level during emergency response. We found that the most important factor that increases the risk level for rescue personnel and civilians is lacking acknowledgement of risks due to lack of knowledge, causing inadequate counter ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Improving emergency response capability: An approach for strengthening learning from emergency response evaluations

    The objectives of this study are to develop and demonstrate an approach to improve emergency response capability by strengthening individual and organisational learning from the evaluations of specific emergency responses. An approach was developed based on theories of individual and organisational learning. It was applied to evaluations of three instances of emergency response in the city of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Resilience in sensemaking and control of emergency response

    This paper proposes a model for describing resilience in emergency management of irregular events. The purpose of our model is to describe three parallel developments in an emergency response scenario. Namely, changes in the ongoing events processes, the actors' sensemaking and control functions, and the technologies used for sensemaking and control. Focusing on the three separate developments ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A model for learning in emergency response work

    Several studies have shown that emergency response personnel repeatedly perform inadequately in the critical phase of responses, thus bringing into question their ability to learn from failures occurring in these situations. This paper presents a model for describing, analysing and planning learning in emergency response settings. The model focuses on the individual's need to learn, and is based ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Decision support for improvisation during emergency response operations

    Emergency response organisations are faced with complex, unpredictable events with the risk of catastrophic losses. To assist emergency response organisations in responding to these events, new models must be developed and the traditional command and control structure of decision-making must be revised to accommodate greater flexibility and creativity by teams. In this paper, we propose the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Modelling and simulation of inter- and intra-organisational communication and coordination in emergency response

    This paper presents the modelling and simulation of the organisational behaviour of emergency response in disasters, with the aim of using them for the design and assessment of emergency response systems. We identified and categorised various rules, protocols and procedures for emergency response through task analyses, observations and records of emergency exercises, in addition to interviews ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Using live video for information sharing in emergency response work

    This paper presents findings from a design-oriented study focusing on emergency response work. Traditionally, Information Technology (IT) for emergency response work has included en route navigation advice, resource management, hazard material databases, property information repositories and situation reporting using sketching functionality. Now, a new class of IT has become available, namely ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Simulation techniques for training emergency response

    The Institute for Simulation and Training (IST), University of Central Florida, in conjunction with the US Army and the Orange County (Florida) Fire Rescue Department, have developed and fielded a series of simulation techniques for conducting disaster exercises and training public safety personnel to respond to disasters. Simulator training offers several important advantages, including cost and ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Exploring emergency response: theories of communities of practice, safety cultures, situation awareness and tacit knowledge

    This paper discusses theoretical constructs from various domains to explore emergency response management. Using the Piper Alpha disaster as an example, we argue that applying a communities of practice lens can inform understandings of safety cultures, shared situation awareness, and tacit knowledge. First, we briefly outline the Piper Alpha event and detail communities of practice theory with a ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Sensor data processing for emergency response

    A gap with current Emergency Response (ER) is the lack of real-time information on the status of an incident. Wireless sensor networks have shown great potential in addressing this gap. However, sensor data streams often contain 'noise', thus they are too difficult to be directly interpreted. In addition, sensor data are often meaningless unless it is associated with time and location ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview of the use of satellite navigation for disaster management and emergency response

    Navigation satellites provide three main datasets for effective and efficient rescue operations: localisation, navigation and timing services. Three–dimensional (3D) coordinates can be obtained by using these satellites. Navigation feature helps rescue teams to get to a disaster area and rescue location faster, easier and safer. Highly accurate time information is used for synchronisation of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An overview of developing tribal emergency management in the USA

    As sovereign governments, American Indian and Alaska Native tribes are responsible for providing prevention, protection, response, and recovery for their members within the evolving Emergency Management (EM) environment in the USA. The current structure for the emergency response system in the USA does not fully embrace tribal sovereignty to allow tribes to maintain their government to government ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • An assessment technique for information quality support in emergency response

    Emergency services introduce complexities to information exchange, including the requirement for high quality information. Despite the importance of information quality (IQ), its assessment has been given very little attention in this domain. If the IQ issue is addressed at all, the focus stays within the low level data analysis without usually considering the contexts. For a significant class of ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Knowledge management and transfer for mine emergency response

    This paper discusses the fact that US coal mining organisations are losing the knowledge they need in order to be able to respond to emergencies. The authors note that knowledge management provides a useful perspective from which to view the problem, but that the debate about what constitutes knowledge should be broadened to include a debate about what constitutes management. It is argued here ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Emergency response possibilities at freight railway tunnel accidents

    Recent tunnel disasters in several Western European countries such as Switzerland (Gotthard tunnel, 2001) and Austria (Tauern tunnel, 1999), France/Italy (Mont Blanc tunnel, 1999) and Great Britain/France (Channel Tunnel, 1996) have made tunnel safety an area for special attention. In-depth investigations into these accidents focused on individual aspects of tunnel design and hazards. As regards ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A decision analysis framework for emergency notification: the case of the Sichuan earthquake

    Notification is one of the major tasks for emergency responses. A timely and appropriate notification can save lives and significantly reduce damages. The importance of notification in emergency has been widely acknowledged. It is, however, challenging to make a quick and right decision on notification. In this paper, we propose a decision analysis framework for emergency notification with the ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Beefing Up Your Emergency Response Training

    Replicating your current safety training programs won't do for emergency responder training. More organizations are investing in emergency response programs, whether they are intended to protect employees and the facilities from a terrorist attack, accident, or natural disaster. The annual 'Compliance Magazine Reader Operations Survey' found that almost two-thirds of respondents work for ...


    By Verisk 3E

  • DUMBONET: a multimedia communication system for collaborative emergency response operations in disaster-affected areas

    This article describes an emergency communication network platform based on a hybrid combination of Mobile Ad Hoc Networking (MANET) and a satellite IP network operating with conventional terrestrial internet. It is designed for collaborative simultaneous emergency response operations deployed in a number of disaster-affected areas. The architecture of the network, called DUMBONET, and our ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • A systems view of data integration for emergency response

    In the wake of the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001 and Hurricane Katrina, emergency response has acquired a new level of importance. Emergency managers must be prepared to respond to conscious acts of terror, caused by individuals wanting to inflict harm, as well as the more traditional natural calamities and human errors. Response must be faster, more integrated, and more intelligent in ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

  • Cross-contamination issues during a biological emergency response effort: lessons learned

    Response Team investigators from the US Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), recognised the potential for Bacillus anthracis (B. anthracis) cross-contamination during recent emergency response activities in the Capitol area. The three case studies presented offer the opportunity to examine procedural response practices ...


    By Inderscience Publishers

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